Cybercrime and Espionage - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781597496131, 9781597496148

Cybercrime and Espionage

1st Edition

An Analysis of Subversive Multi-Vector Threats

Authors: Will Gragido John Pirc
eBook ISBN: 9781597496148
Paperback ISBN: 9781597496131
Imprint: Syngress
Published Date: 24th January 2011
Page Count: 272
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Cybercrime and Espionage provides a comprehensive analysis of the sophisticated patterns and subversive multi-vector threats (SMTs) associated with modern cybercrime, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare and cyber espionage. Whether the goal is to acquire and subsequently sell intellectual property from one organization to a competitor or the international black markets, to compromise financial data and systems, or undermine the security posture of a nation state by another nation state or sub-national entity, SMTs are real and growing at an alarming pace. This book contains a wealth of knowledge related to the realities seen in the execution of advanced attacks, their success from the perspective of exploitation and their presence within all industry. It will educate readers on the realities of advanced, next generation threats, which take form in a variety ways.

This book consists of 12 chapters covering a variety of topics such as the maturity of communications systems and the emergence of advanced web technology; how regulatory compliance has worsened the state of information security; the convergence of physical and logical security; asymmetric forms of gathering information; seven commonalities of SMTs; examples of compromise and presence of SMTs; next generation techniques and tools for avoidance and obfuscation; and next generation techniques and tools for detection, identification and analysis.

This book will appeal to information and physical security professionals as well as those in the intelligence community and federal and municipal law enforcement, auditors, forensic analysts, and CIO/CSO/CISO.

Key Features

    • Includes detailed analysis and examples of the threats in addition to related anecdotal information
    • Authors’ combined backgrounds of security, military, and intelligence, give you distinct and timely insights
    • Presents never-before-published information: identification and analysis of cybercrime and the psychological profiles that accompany them


    Information and Physical Security Professionals, Intelligence Community, Federal and Municipal Law Enforcement, Auditors, Forensic Analysts, CIO/CSO/CISO

    Table of Contents




    About the Authors

    1. Cybercrime and Espionage and the New Security 101

    Information in this chapter


    He Who Does Not Prevent a Crime When He Can, Encourages It

    What’s Old Is New Again

    A Changing World

    Cybercriminal Statistics: U.S. and Abroad

    The Statistics of Cybercrime

    Separating the Wheat from the Chaff: Qualifying Amateurs and Professionals

    Trends in 2011

    Myopic to the Catastrophic: Advanced Persistent Threats

    Points of Confluence: Events That Have Shaped the Future of Privatized Cybercrime and Espionage

    Agendas in Next Generation Cybercriminal Activity

    The Coming Decade


    2. Evolution Revolution

    Information in this chapter



    Criminal Activity


    3. The Silent Killer: How Regulatory Compliance has Worsened the State of Information Security

    Information in this chapter


    Regulatory Compliance Telemetry

    Transborder Data Flow Restrictions

    ISO Security Standards

    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

    Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

    Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS)

    North America Electric Reliability Corporation: Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC CIP)



    4. Mediating the Great Divorce: The Convergence of Physical and Logical Security

    Information in this chapter


    The CISSP Physical Security Domains

    Environmental Security

    The Silos of Security

    Two-Factor Authentication

    Converging the Great Physical Divide

    Physical Device Security (Cryptography)

    Proximity-Based Access Control



    5. Nonstate Sponsored Attacks: Stealing Information is Our Business… and Business is Good

    Information in this chapter


    Asymmetric Forms of Information Gathering

    Blended Reconnaissance

    Social Engineering and Social Networking

    Point, Click, and Own



    6. State-Sponsored Intelligence

    Information in this chapter


    Espionage and Its Influence on Next-Generation Threats

    Intelligence Types

    Traditional Forms of Intelligence Gathering


    7. Cyber X: Criminal Syndicates, Nation States, Subnational Entities, and Beyond

    Information in this chapter


    Classifying the Cyber Actor

    Attack Sophistication Model

    Modus Operandi

    The Importance of Attribution

    Criminal and Organized Syndicates

    Nation States

    Subnational Entities



    8. The Rise of the Subversive Multivector Threat

    Information in this chapter


    Defining the Subversive Multivector Threat (SMT)


    9. Seven Commonalities of Subversive Multivector Threats

    Information in this chapter


    Seven Commonalities of Subversive Multivector Threats

    Five Names in Threats You Should Know

    Next-Generation Techniques and Tools for Avoidance and Obfuscation



    10. Examples of Compromise and Presence of Subversive Multivector Threats

    Information in this chapter


    Black, White, and Gray: Motives and Agendas of Cyber Actors with Respect to Cybercrime and Espionage

    Onion Routed and Anonymous Networks


    Project Aurora


    11. Hiding in Plain Sight: Next-Generation Techniques and Tools for Avoidance and Obfuscation

    Information in this chapter


    Malware Quality Assurance Testing

    IP Attribution

    IP Spoofing



    12. Weapons of Our Warfare: Next-Generation Techniques and Tools for Detection, Identification, and Analysis

    Information in this chapter


    Legacy Firewalls


    Intrusion Detection Systems and Intrusion Prevention Systems

    What Is in a Name?


    Advanced Meta-Network Security Analysis

    Next Generation Security Framework





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    About the Author

    Will Gragido

    Will Gragido possesses over 18 years of information security experience. A former United States Marine, Mr. Gragido began his career in the data communications information security and intelligence communities. After USMC, Mr. Gragido worked within several information security consultancy roles performing and leading red teaming, penetration testing, incident response, security assessments, ethical hacking, malware analysis and risk management program development. Mr.Gragido has worked with a variety of industry leading research organizations including International Network Services, Internet Security Systems / IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force, Damballa, Cassandra Security, HP DVLabs, and now RSA NetWitness, where he leads the RSA FirstWatch Advanced Threat Intelligence team.

    Will has deep expertise and knowledge in operations, analysis, management, professional services & consultancy, pre-sales / architecture and strong desire to see the industry mature and enterprises & individuals become more secure. Will is a long-standing member of the ISC2, ISACA, and ISSA. Mr.Gragido holds the CISSP and CISA certifications, as well as accreditations in the National Security Agency's Information Security Assessment Methodology (IAM) and Information Security Evaluation Methodology (IEM). Additionally, Mr.Gragido is a Faculty Member of the IANS Institute where he specializes in advanced threat, botnet, and malware analysis. Mr.Gragido is a graduate of DePaul University and is currently preparing for graduate school. An internationally sought after speaker, Will is the co-author of Cybercrime and Espionage: An Analysis of Subversive Multi-Vector Threats.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Faculty Member of the IANS Institute where he specializes in advanced threat, botnet, and malware analysis.

    John Pirc

    John Pirc

    John Pirc has more than 19 years of experience in Security R&D, worldwide security product management, marketing, testing, forensics, consulting, and critical infrastructure architecting and deployment. Additionally, John is an advisor to HP’s CISO on Cyber Security and lectured at the US Naval Post Graduate School.

    John extensive expertise in the Security field stems from past work experience with the US Intelligence Community, as Chief Technology Officer at CSG LTD, Product Manager at Cisco, Product Line Executive for all security products at IBM Internet Security Systems, Director at McAfee's Network Defense Business Unit, Director of Product Management at HP Enterprise Security Products, Chief Technology Officer at NSS Labs, Co-Founder and Chief Strategy Officer at Bricata, LLC and most recently as Director of Security Solutions for Forsythe Technology.

    In addition to a BBA from the University of Texas, John also holds the NSA-IAM and CEH certifications. He has been named security thought leader from SANS Institute and speaks at top tier security conferences worldwide and has been published in Time Magazine, Bloomberg, CNN and other tier 1 media outlets.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Director, Security Solutions, Forsythe Technology and Co-Founder & Advisor, Bricata, LLC


    "Risks have evolved. We haven’t. While we stabilize toward checkbox compliance, adversaries and IT accelerate onward. Adversaries know you’re compliant – and do not care – they’re counting on it. Let’s replace faith-based dogma with intellectual honesty. As fellow Cassandras, Will and John confront you with modern threat models and challenge you to adapt".--Joshua Corman, Research Director for Enterprise Security, The 451 Group

    "During 2010 three specific names signaled a fundamental shift in the risks that come from dealing in an interconnected world: Project Aurora, Stuxnet, and Wikileaks. This book provides the insights of an intelligence analyst on what got us to this point, and forecasts what information security professionals will be dealing with in the near future".--James Turner, Advisor, IBRS

    "Cybercrime and Espionage was probably the most comprehensive and relevant book on the cyber security landscape written to date. The authors captured the true essence of the methods and cyber trade craft backed with use case after use case. I find this book a must have for any security professional or executive that has the responsibility for ensuring the protection of their corporate infrastructure."--Alan Kessler VP & GM HP Networking Security Products Group/TippingPoint

    "John and Will have done a great job in framing the threat landscape and pointing out just how far we have to go in order to truly understand the cyber threats confronting us, to better secure our networks, and to mitigate risk within our respective organizations. Cybercrime and Espionage is a great read and should provide a call to action for any executive management team. Well done."--Nick Lantuh, President of Netwitness Corporation

    "Overall, this was a really interesting reading material. The authors managed to provide a fresh perspective on the intricacies surrounding modern cyber crime of today, but have not neglected the ‘big picture’."--Help Net Security

    Ratings and Reviews