Culture and Political Economy in Western Sicily

Culture and Political Economy in Western Sicily

1st Edition - September 28, 1976

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  • Authors: Jane Schneider, Peter Schneider
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272689

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Description

Culture and Political Economy in Western Sicily presents the relationship between the early colonial period, a time when Sicily exported wheat and animal products, and a later neocolonial period, during which manpower is the principal energy loss. The book discusses the rise and development of the Mafia; cultural codes that are important to contemporary social Sicilian organization; and the origins of these codes in early adaptations of the Sicilian people to externally generated political and economic forces. The text will be of value to sociologists, economists, historians, and people who want a deeper understanding of the Mafia.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1

    Introduction

    World Forces of the Present

    The Myth of Tradition

    The Rise of Mafia

    Broker Capitalism

    Villamaura

    Part I Preindustrial World-Systems

    Chapter 1 Land Use and Settlement in Historical and Geographical Perspective

    Sicily's Roles in Historical World-Systems

    The Relationship of Animals to Agriculture in Sicily

    Colonial Pressures and Settlement Patterns

    Causes: The Role of Environment in Latifundism

    Chapter 3 Political Structure under the Spanish Empire and the Emergence of Broker Capitalism Diarchy, Not Monarchy

    Feudalism and Isolation: Misleading Issues

    Royal Bureaucracies Outwitted

    Relations among Settlements

    Insecurity in the Countryside

    Broker Capitalism and Political Structure

    Chapter 4 Peasants, Herdsmen, and Rural Entrepreneurs

    The Mezzadria System—Different from Slavery, Serfdom, and Free Labor

    Latifundism and Peasant Insecurity

    The Problem of Fragmentation

    The Position of Herdsmen Compared to That of Peasants

    Rural Places and Rural Entrepreneurs

    Rural Enterprise and Kinship

    Chapter 5 Cultural Codes

    Furberia

    Onore

    Amicizia

    Part II Sicily in a Postindustrial World-System

    Chapter 6 From the Export of Wheat to the Export of Labor

    New Types of Pressure

    The Bourbon Bonifica: A Formula for Confronting the New World-System

    1860-1880: The Pattern Repeated Again

    1880-1900: A Closed Economy Phase of Italian Development

    Land Reform in the Twentieth Century

    The Postwar Land Reform: A Type of Welfare

    Industrial Development

    The Causes of Underdevelopment

    Chapter 7 Displaced Herdsmen

    Agrarian Reform and the Fate of Herdsmen

    The Herdsmen's Response to Displacement

    Chapter 8 The Civile Class and the Persistence of Broker Capitalism

    Rivalry among Civil

    The Civile Class and the North Italian Industrial Bourgeoisie

    Bossism under Giolitti

    Bossism in Villamaura

    How the Political Structure That Favored Broker Capitalism Was Preserved

    Administration by Prebendal Concession Since 1860

    Public and Private Interests in Postwar Sicily

    The Structure of Commodity Markets in Postwar Sicily

    Tricks of the Trade

    Broker Capitalism and the Export of Labor

    Chapter 9 Mafia

    The Foundation of the Political Shield

    Recruitment to Mafia

    The Evolution of Mafia Domain

    Some Secrets of Mafia's Success

    The Core of Mafia Organization: The Cosca

    Omertà: Mafia and Ideology

    Explaining Mafia

    Mafia and the World-System

    Chapter 10 Modernization without Development

    Evidence of Change

    Modernization at a Price

    Underemployment and Fragmentation in Agriculture

    Underemployment and Fragmentation in Nonagricultural Sectors

    Educational Involution

    Modernization and Cultural Codes

    Chapter 11

    Culture and Underdevelopment

    Alternative Cultural Codes

    A Look to the Future

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 272
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: September 28, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272689

About the Authors

Jane Schneider

Peter Schneider

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