Critical Materials Problems In Energy Production

Critical Materials Problems In Energy Production

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Charles Stein
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141628

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Critical Materials Problems in Energy Production discusses the most challenging of the materials problems in the areas of production, distribution, and energy storage. This book is a result of the Distinguished Lecture Series on “Critical Materials Problems in Energy Production” sponsored by the Joint Center for Materials Science in New Mexico. This text is organized into eight sections encompassing 29 chapters that cover topics on nuclear power, materials for high-temperature applications, solar energy, direct solar conversion, coal and other fossil fuels, superconducting materials, and energy storage devices. After a brief introduction to overall perspective of the energy program, the book goes on discussing the problems encountered in nuclear power generation, including the complication of their interdependence, the severity of the service parameters, and the need for safety and reliability. Section II examines the progress made in the development of high-temperature materials suitable for use in magnetohydrodynamic converts and advanced turbines and jet engines. The subsequent two sections address the thermal/optical requirements for solar utilization devices and the limitations encountered in solar cell materials. Section V deals with the metallurgical problems emanating from the materials used for confinement and the flow of energy in steam generating systems. This section also describes the close dependence of catalytic performance on technological innovations in the field of materials science. Section VI discusses the basics of superconductivity phenomena. Section VII deals with the materials problems related to the development of more efficient batteries. Discussions on new electrode materials, solid electrolytes, and high-temperature battery systems are included in this section. The concluding section provides supplemental texts containing references and readings.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors



    Chapter 1 A Perspective on Materials in the Energy Program

    I. Energy Production

    Section I Materials Problems in Nuclear Power Generators

    Chapter 2 Materials Requirements for Fusion Power

    Chapter 3 Fusion-First Wall Problems

    Chapter 4 Electrical Insulators for Magnetically Confined Fusion Reactors

    Chapter 5 Radiation Effects in Structural Materials for Fusion Reactors

    Chapter 6 Tritium Related Materials Problems in Fusion Reactors

    Chapter 7 Material Limitations in Fusion Lasers

    Chapter 8 Optical Materials for Neodymium Fusion Lasers

    Chapter 9 Critical Materials Problems in the Exploitation of Fission Energy

    Section II Materials for High Temperature Applications

    Chapter 10 Materials Problems in Open Cycle Magnetohydrodynamics

    Chapter 11 Materials for Open Cycle Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Channels

    Chapter 12 Alloys for High Temperature Service in Gas Turbines

    Section III Solar Energy Materials

    Chapter 13 Fundamental Materials Considerations for Solar Collectors

    Chapter 14 Solar Energy Storage

    Section IV Direct Solar Energy Conversion

    Chapter 15 Some Materials Problems Associated with Photovoltaic Solar Cells

    Chapter 16 Non-Conventional Heterojunctions for Solar Energy Conversion

    Section V Coal and Other Fossil Fuels

    Chapter 17 Critical Materials Problems in Coal Conversion

    Chapter 18 Materials Problems (Real and Imagined) in Coal Gasifications Plants

    Chapter 19 Catalytic Materials for the Conversion of Coal

    II. Energy Transmission

    Section VI Superconducting Materials

    Chapter 20 Superconducting materials

    Chapter 21 Superconductivity

    III. Energy Storage

    Section VII Energy Storage Devices

    Chapter 22 Materials Problems in Rechargeable Batteries

    Chapter 23 Solid Solution Electrodes

    Chapter 24 Solid Electrolytes

    Chapter 25 Some Aspects of Solid Electrolytes

    Chapter 26 Materials for High-Temperature Li-AL/FeS Secondary Batteries

    Chapter 27 The Materials Science of the Super Flywheel

    Chapter 28 Metal Hydrides for Energy Storage

    Section VIII Appendix

    Chapter 29 Problems and Reference Readings


Product details

  • No. of pages: 928
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141628

About the Editor

Charles Stein

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