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Crime Scene Photography - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780123757289, 9780123757296

Crime Scene Photography

2nd Edition

Author: Edward Robinson
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123757289
eBook ISBN: 9780123757296
eBook ISBN: 9780123865304
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 3rd February 2010
Page Count: 720
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Crime Scene Photography, Second Edition, offers an introduction to the basic concepts of forensic picture-taking. The forensic photographer, or more specifically the crime scene photographer, must know how to create an acceptable image that is capable of withstanding challenges in court. The photographic theory and principles have to be well grounded in the physics of optics, the how-to recommendations have to work, and the end result must be admissible in court.

Based on the author's years of experience in the field at both the Arlington County and Baltimore County Police Departments, this book blends the practical functions of crime scene processing with theories of photography to guide the student in acquiring the skills, knowledge, and ability to render reliable evidence.

This text has been carefully constructed for ease of use and effectiveness in training and was class-tested by the author at George Washington University.

Beginning August 2008, this book will be required reading by the IAI Crime Scene Certification Board for all levels of certification (through August 2011).

Key Features

  • Over 600 full color photographs
  • Two new chapters on 'The History of Forensic Photography,' and 'Digital Image Processing of Evidentiary Photography'
  • An essential reference for crime scene photography, including topics such as Composition, the Inverse Square Law, Court Cases affecting photography, Digital Image Processing, and Photogrammetry
  • Required reading by the Crime Scene Certification Board of the International Association for Identification (IAI) for all levels of certification


Students in forensic science programs, crime scene investigator/photographers, law enforcement training centers, police academies and local agencies. Forensic consultants and forensic scientists

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 History of Forensic Imaging

My Inspiration

The Practical Value

The History


Chapter 2 Composition and Cardinal Rules

Use-Once (or, Use One Time) Camera versus a Professional Camera System

Composition and Cardinal Rules

Cardinal Rules of Crime Scene Photography


Chapter 3 Basic Exposure (Non-Flash) Concepts

The Proper Exposure Triangle

Shutter Speed as Motion Control

Using Slow Shutter Speeds to Eliminate Rain and Snow

Reciprocal Exposures

The Reflective Light Meter

“Normal” and “Non-Normal” Scenes

Tools for Determining “Proper” Exposures with Tricky Scenes


The F/16 Sunny Day Rule

Causes for Complete Rolls of Film with Exposure Errors

Common Filters

The Eye Cup Cover


Chapter 4 Focus, Depth of Field, and Lenses


Depth of Field



Chapter 5 Electronic Flash

Guide Numbers

Flash Sync Speeds

Set the Flash for the Film Used (If Still Using a Film Camera)

Manual Flash Mode

The Inverse Square Law

Automatic and Dedicated Flash Exposure Modes

Built-in Flash Units

Fill-in Flash

Oblique Light, Both Flash and Non-Flash (Flashlight)

Bounce Flash

Painting with Light


Chapter 6 Crime Scene Photography

Photo Documentation Forms

Overall Photographs

Midrange Photographs

Close-Up Photographs

The Photographic Documentation of Bodies and Wounds


Chapter 7 Ultraviolet, Infrared, and Fluorescence

The Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS)

Ultraviolet Light (UV)

Infrared Light (IR) on the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Visible Light Fluorescence


Chapter 8 Photogrammetry

Introduction to Photogrammetry

Perspective Grid Photogrammetry

Perspective Disc Photogrammetry

Natural Grid Photogrammetry

Reverse Projection Photogrammetry

Rhino Photogrammetry


Chapter 9 Special Photography Situations

Accident Photography

Surveillance Photography

Aerial Photography

Underwater Photography


Chapter 10 Digital Imaging Technologies

In the Beginning

Expose Yourself to Digital Imaging Concepts: Bits, Bytes, Pixels, and Dots

Take a Picture! It Lasts Longer … Or Does It?

Image S&M … Storage and Management of Your Digital Images


Chapter 11 Digital Image Processing of Evidentiary Photography

Best Practices and Guidelines

General Guidelines and Requirements

The Order of Enhancements

Getting Started

The Imaging Process (The Act Formerly Known as “Enhancement”)


Chapter 12 Legal Issues Related to Photographs and Digital Images

Criteria of Photographs and Digital Images as Evidence

The Purpose of Crime Scene Photographs

Photographs of Suspects and Evidence

Legal Implications of Digital Imaging

International Association for Identification (IAI) Resolution 97-9

Case Law Citations Relevant to Film and Digital Images

Canadian Cases


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2010
3rd February 2010
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Edward Robinson

Edward M. Robinson began his career in law enforcement in 1971, with the Arlington County (Virginia) Police Department (ACPD). After 25 years with the ACPD, Mr. Robinson created the Crime Scene Investigation concentration at The George Washington University for their Master of Forensic Science degree program, and continues there today.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Forensic Science Department, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA


"[The book] addresses a technically sensitive practice with great accuracy. The writing is concise and easy to understand... The content is well organized and, fittingly, uses ample photographs as examples of both correct and incorrect ways to employ various photographic techniques. Specific topics discussed range from filters, flash, and focus to evidentiary concerns and court presentations. An excellent table of contents and index make finding specific content a breeze…. The text is written primarily for a law enforcement audience. This solid text would serve nicely, however, for security professionals who may need to document accidents, potential hazards, crimes, or property loss. It is an excellent reference and would serve both a novice and experienced photographer."--Security Management Magazine

Ratings and Reviews