Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

3rd Edition

Authors: Lawrence Fennelly Timothy Crowe
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124116351
eBook ISBN: 9780124116337
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 15th July 2013
Page Count: 376
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59.99 + applicable tax
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Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, 3e is a vital book for anyone involved in architectural design, space management, and urban planning. The concepts presented in this book explain the link between design and human behavior. Understanding this link can enable a planner to use natural environmental factors to minimize loss and crime and to maximize productivity.

This practical guide addresses several environmental settings, including major event facilities, small retail establishments, downtown streets, residential areas, and playgrounds. A one-stop resource with explanations of criminal behavior and the historical aspects of design, it teaches both the novice and the expert in crime prevention how to use the environment to affect human behavior in a positive manner.

Key Features

  • Fully updated with substantial new material in each chapter
  • Useful illustrations describe the design and layout concepts in an easy to understand manner
  • Written by a well-qualified author in the field of crime prevention


An ideal resource for security managers, urban planners, and general security and law enforcement professionals responsible for securing localized environments as well as loss and crime prevention

Table of Contents


Timothy D. Crowe




Part 1

1. Introduction to CPTED


Asking the Right Questions

The Need for CPTED

Competing Crime Prevention Strategies

CPTED and Contemporary Planning Models

Scope and Content of this Book

2. Twenty Most Frequently Asked Questions

3. CPTED Concepts and Strategies


CPTED Concepts

CPTED Strategies

Some Benefits of CPTED Planning Activities

An Ounce of Prevention: A New Role for Law Enforcement Support of Community Development

“Clean and Well-Lighted Places”: A Natural Approach to Retail Security

CPTED in Low-Income, Public, and Three-Generation Housing

CPTED Planning and Design Review

Achieving the Right Perspective

4. Behavioral Precedents of CPTED: From Caves to Fast Food


Greek Temples

Medieval Cities

Baroque Mannerism

Louis XIV

Napoleon III

Contemporary Situations

5. Using the Environment to Affect Behavior

Human/Environment Relationships

Use of Light and Color

Feng Shui

6. Aesthetics, Environmental Cues, and Territorial Behavior: Implications for CPTED Planning

Form Versus Function: The Battle with Aesthetics

Environmental Cues

Territorial Behavior

Visual Bubbles, Landscape, and Art

7. Crime and Loss Prevention



Levels of Crime

Explanations of Crime

Implications for Public Action

Contemporary Crime Prevention and Interagency Concepts

Criminal Justice: A Misperceived Concept

Productivity Tools for the Crime- and Loss-Prevention Specialist

Crime Versus Loss Prevention

Two Types of Risk

Risk Management


8. Example


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Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Author

Lawrence Fennelly

Lawrence J. Fennelly is an internationally recognized authority on crime prevention, security planning and analysis, and on the study of how environmental factors (CPTED), physical hardware, alarms, lighting, site design, management practices, litigation consultants, security policies and procedures, and guard management contribute to criminal victimization. Mr. Fennelly was previously employed with Apollo Security, Computershare, Inc., as well as a sergeant at Harvard College, employed by the Harvard University Police Department in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was trained as a crime prevention specialist and served in this capacity for over 21 years at Harvard. He was also the department’s training officer and assistant court officer. As part of his role as an officer at Harvard, Larry also was a deputy sheriff in both Suffolk and Middlesex counties (Massachusetts). Mr. Fennelly is a frequent speaker and lecturer on CPTED, physical security, school crime, and other issues. He serves as an expert witness who works closely with attorneys in defense as well as plaintiff cases, assisting in case preparation, offering knowledgeable questions to ask the opposing side, etc. He has also done a considerable amount of consultant work throughout the United States. His experience ranges from identifying vulnerabilities to conducting security and lighting surveys, working with architects to design and implement security, and developing long range guard training programs and risk assessments of various facilities. He is also a prolific author. His titles include such well-known security books as "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design," "Effective Physical Security," and "Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention."

Affiliations and Expertise

Expert witness and consultant in security, Litigation Consultants Inc.

Timothy Crowe

Affiliations and Expertise

Timothy Crowe is a criminologist specializing in consulting and training services in law enforcement, crime prevention, juvenile delinquency and control, and major event law enforcement services planning. He has served in state government and with several consulting firms and has provided security services for Republican and Democratic national conventions.He has served as the Director of the National Crime Prevention Institute at the University of Louisville and created NCPI's CPTED training program. Mr. Crowe received his M.S. in criminology from Florida State University.


"After 30 years of using various forms of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in planning and executing facilities security, I found this book to be one of the most beneficial tools to assist me in using these principles…This book is a valuable resource for anyone seeking a professional certification." -- and in ASIS Dynamics, August 2014

"The third edition of this book is vital for anyone involved in architectural design, space management, and urban planning…A one-stop resource with explanations of criminal behavior and the historical aspects of design, it teaches both the novice and the expert in crime prevention how to use the environment to affect human behavior in a positive manner." --SecurityPark online, December 2013