COSPAR: Space Research

COSPAR: Space Research

Proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the Twenty-First Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Innsbruck, Austria, 29 May - 10 June 1978

1st Edition - April 10, 1979

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  • Editor: M. J. Rycroft
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156071

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Cospar Space Research, Volume XIX covers the proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the 21st Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Innsbruck, Austria, from May 29 to June 10, 1978, focusing on the developments in space research. The contributions concentrate on remote sensing, middle atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere, and materials science in space. The selection first offers information on global development of space research, including weather and climate, material sciences in space, planets, sun, stars, magnetosphere, and high energy astrophysics. The book then takes a look at the spectral characteristics of surface phenomena and their impact on the design of an optoelectronic multispectral system; use of weather satellite data in the evaluation of water resources; and atmospheric and surface radiation balance as identified from satellite data. The compilation discusses the assimilation of non-simultaneous satellite and conventional meteorological data using statistical weights; annual variation and variability of meteorological parameters in the stratosphere and mesosphere; and physical properties affecting the existence of small particles in the mesosphere. The book also focuses on the determination of density scale-height profiles, geomagnetic effects in the exosphere, and gravity waves and tidal winds in the equatorial thermosphere. The selection is a dependable source of data for readers interested in space research.

Table of Contents

  • Contents



    Highlights of Recent Space Research

    Global Development of Space Research, 1977-1978

    Remote Sensing

    The Earth's Surface

    The Spectral Characteristics of Selected Surface Phenomena and their Impact on the Design of an Opto-electronic Multispectral System

    Photointerpretation of Computer Enhanced LANDSAT Images of Serbia (Yugoslavia)

    The Use of Weather Satellite Data in the Evaluation of National Water Resources, with Special Reference to the Sultanate of Oman

    The Microwave Remote Sensing Experiment in the First Spacelab Payload and Plans for Further Spacelab Instrumentation


    Atmospheric and Surface Radiation Balance as Determined from Satellite Data

    Analysis of Cloud and Precipitation Fields from Satellite IR and Microwave Pictures

    Preliminary Results from the First European Geostationary Meteorological Satellite METEOSAT

    Dynamic Interpretation of METEOSAT Imagery

    Standardization of Satellite Images of the NOAA Scanning Radiometer Signals for an Objective Cloud Classification

    Dynamic Classification of Mesoscale Cloud Patterns

    Infrared Measurements over Cirrus Clouds in the 6.5 and 11.5 μɱ Regions

    On the Assimilation of Non-Simultaneous Satellite and Conventional Meteorological Data Using Statistical Weights

    The Middle Atmosphere

    Remote Sensing Studies

    Review of Climatological Information Obtained from Remote Sensing of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

    Water Vapour and Ozone in the Mesosphere Observed from "Salyut-5"

    Comparisons of Atmospheric Temperatures Derived from Falling Sphere and Grenade Experiments Conducted at Wallops Island in 1975

    Direct Observations

    Summary of Atmospheric Observations and Investigations in the Altitude Region from 20 to 80 km

    Preliminary Results of the Intercomparison Test of US and USSR Meteorological Systems at Wallops Island August 1977

    Preliminary Results of the US-USSR Meteorological Rocketsonde Intercomparison Held at Wallops Island, August 1977

    Annual Variation and Variability of Meteorological Parameters in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

    Stratospheric Motions as Noted from Daily Rocket Soundings

    Equatorial Stratospheric and Mesospheric Structural Variations During the Years 1971-74


    Review of Data and Models of the Middle Atmosphere

    Physical Properties Affecting the Existence of Small Ice Particles in the Mesosphere

    Planetary Waves

    The Vertical Structure of Planetary Waves and Associated Meridional Transports of Momentum and Heat in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

    Variations of Turbopause Altitude

    Variation of the Turbopause Level in the Polar Regions

    The Thermosphere

    CIRA 1972, Recent Atmospheric Models, and Improvements in Progress

    Variability of Solar Ultraviolet Flux and its Significance to Models of the Neutral Upper Atmosphere

    Some Features of EUV Solar Activity Indices

    Comparison of Atmospheric Temperatures According to CIRA-72 and Nightglow Data

    Investigation of the 27-day Periodicity in Thermospheric Density Fluctuations

    Natural Gas Density and Temperature

    Incoherent Scatter Data Related to Thermaspheric Modelling

    Analysis of Perturbations of the Total Density Determined by the Lowg Accelerometer Cactus

    Determination of Density Scale Height Profiles

    Geomagnetic Effects in the Exosphere

    HEAO-1 Observations of X-ray Fluorescent Emission Lines from the Earth1s Sunlit Atmosphere

    Mass Spectrometer Observations

    Gas Densities Near 230 km from Orbital Drag and Mass Spectrometer Measurements - A Comparison

    Aeros-B: Annual Variations of He,N,0,N2, and Ar During Low Solar Activity at 4 and 16 hours Local Time

    U.V. Extinction and Mass Spectrometer Rocket Measurements of Atmospheric Composition Over Woomera

    Thermospheric Variations as an Indicator of Magnetic Storm Heating and Circulation

    Tides and Gravity Waves

    Gravity Waves and Tidal Winds in the Equatorial Thermosphère

    The Ionosphere


    A Global Model of D-Region Ionization

    Equatorial Ionosphere

    Plasma Irregularities and Soft Energy Electron Fluxes in the Equatorial E Region

    Electric Fields in the E Region During the Counter Electrojet

    Effects of Vertical Shears in the Zonal Winds of the Electrojet

    Mid-latitude Ionosphere

    An Investigation of Variations of Ion Composition and Dynamics of the Topside Ionosphere from the Meteor Satellite

    Dynamical Behaviour of the Daytime Topside Ionosphere Inferred from Vertical-6 Rocket Data

    Winter Anomaly

    Breakdown of the Polar Mesospheric Vortex in Winter as the Cause of Mid-latitude Winter Anomaly

    Structural Variations in the Neutral Thermosphere During the D-Region Winter Anomaly

    Auroral Atmosphere and Ionosphere

    A Sounding Rocket Campaign for Studying Heat Deposition into the Ionosphere During Substorm Events

    High Latitude Ionospheric Structures

    Auroral EUV Emissions (50-132 nm)

    Results from a Rocket Measurement of the Neutral and Ionized Lower F-Region Composition in Association with an Auroral Arc

    Electron Density Variations in the Polar Region from 70 to 210 km

    The Magnetosphere

    Observations of the High Latitude Topside Ionosphere

    Thermal Plasma and Field Aligned Ion Drift at the Beginning of an Auroral Disturbance

    Interpretation of Coordinated Electron Density, Temperature, and VLFMeasurements Onboard Intercosmos-10

    ELF-VLF Emissions, Ion Density Fluctuations and Electron Temperature in the Ionospheric Trough

    Electric Fields at High Latitudes in the Topside Ionosphere Near the Dawn-Dusk Meridian

    Precipitation of Energetic Charged Particles

    Longitudinal Variation of the High Altitude X-ray Flux During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions

    PSE Morphology and Medium Latitude Radiation Belt Electron Pitchangle Diffusion Coefficients: A Test of the PSE-Model

    High and Low Latitude Energy Spectra of Protons and Electrons Precipitating into the Ionosphere Observed with the Satellite MCosmos-900"

    The Relation Between 10 to 80 keV Electron Precipitation Observed at Geosynchronous Orbit and Auroral Radio Absorption Observed with Riometers

    Active Experiments

    The Barium Ion Jet Experiment of Porcupine 2

    The Sun and the Interplanetary Medium

    Solar X-Radiation

    Solar X-ray Flares Observed with the Columbia University Instrument on 0S0-8

    Observation of Solar X-radiation On Board "Prognoz-6"

    Spectrum and Anisotropy of Hard Flare X-rays on the Basis of Multiple Electron Scattering

    A Comparison of the Characteristics of Solar Proton Events for the Last Two Solar Minima

    Current Status of Short-term Solar Proton Predictions

    Separation and Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Variations in the April 10, 1969 Solar Flare Particle Event

    Interpretation and Analysis of Solar Energetic Particle Intensities and Anisotropies Observed Aboard Helios 2 on 28 March 1976

    Charged Particles Produced in Small Solar Flares Observed at 1 AU

    Analysis of Energetic Particle Events Following Solar Flares of September 24 and November 22, 1977

    Solar Wind

    Simultaneous H(1216Ä) and He(584Ä) Observations of the Interstellar Wind by Mariner 10

    Cosmic Dust

    Dust in Planetary Magnetospheres

    Dust-Magnetospheric Interactions

    Three-dimensional Distribution of Dust

    Three-dimensional Distributions of the Potential Sources of Interplanetary Dust

    The Distribution of Orbital Elements of Interplanetary Dust in the Inner Solar System as Detected by the Helios Space probe

    The Action of the Poynting-Robertson Effect and Radiation Pressure on the Mass Distribution Index of Micrometeoroids

    The Brightness/Unit Volume of the Zodiacal Light as Determined from Pioneer 10

    Inversion of the Zodiacal Brightness Integral for an Out-of-Ecliptic Photometer

    Dust of Lunar Origin

    Lunar Surface Grain Motion: Electrostatic Charging, Supercharging (Electret Effects) and Mechanical Bonding

    Tertiary, Secondary and Primary Impact Crater Populations on Lunar Rocks: Configurations where Population Inversion Occurs

    Lunar Ejecta in Heliocentric Space

    Lunar Libration Region L4 Photometry

    Cometary Dust

    Flyby-and Rendezvous-type Comet Missions from the Standpoint of Large-particle Dust Experiments

    A Concept for Analysis of Cometary Dust by Light Scattering Experiments on Future Cometary Probes

    Dust Experiment for a Rendezvous-Cometary-Mission

    Materials Sciences in Space

    Use of Composite Materials in Space

    Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Experiment to be Flown on the Space Shuttle LDEF Mission

    Materials Science under Micro-gravity Conditions

    Materials Processing in Space - an Overview of Studies in the U.S.A.

    Crystal Growth and Segregation in Space: A Critical Assessment Based on Results Obtained During the ASTP Mission

    Technological Experiments in Microgravity-Texus I and II

    Interfacial Convection Observed under Microgravity Conditions During the Texus-I Experiment

    Possibilities for Physical Experiments in Materials Science using Near Zero-g-Conditions

    A Television Picture Processing System for the Investigation of Crystal Growth Processes

    Multiphase Dispersions by Crystallization Processing

    Vapour Growth of Hgl2 in Sealed Ampoules

    The Thermal Investigation of Solidifications Carried Out in a Cartridge Furnace in Space

    Convection under Micro-gravity Conditions

    Convection under Normal and Reduced Gravity

    Experiments on the Relevance of Marangoni Convection for Materials Science in Space

    Thermal Marangoni Convection

    Convection Due to Surface-tension Gradients

    Effects of Convection on Crystal Growth under Terrestrial and Space Conditions

    Marangoni Convection in a Fluid Layer under the Action of a Transverse Magnetic Field

    A Mechanism for Macroscopic Phase Separation in Emulgated Liquid Systems

    Fluid Mechanics of Continuous Flow Electrophoresis

    Electrofluid Dynamics of Interfaces

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 634
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: April 10, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156071

About the Editor

M. J. Rycroft

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