COSPAR: Space Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080234175, 9781483156071

COSPAR: Space Research

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the Twenty-First Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Innsbruck, Austria, 29 May - 10 June 1978

Editors: M. J. Rycroft
eBook ISBN: 9781483156071
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 10th April 1979
Page Count: 634
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Description

Cospar Space Research, Volume XIX covers the proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the 21st Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Innsbruck, Austria, from May 29 to June 10, 1978, focusing on the developments in space research. The contributions concentrate on remote sensing, middle atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere, and materials science in space. The selection first offers information on global development of space research, including weather and climate, material sciences in space, planets, sun, stars, magnetosphere, and high energy astrophysics. The book then takes a look at the spectral characteristics of surface phenomena and their impact on the design of an optoelectronic multispectral system; use of weather satellite data in the evaluation of water resources; and atmospheric and surface radiation balance as identified from satellite data. The compilation discusses the assimilation of non-simultaneous satellite and conventional meteorological data using statistical weights; annual variation and variability of meteorological parameters in the stratosphere and mesosphere; and physical properties affecting the existence of small particles in the mesosphere. The book also focuses on the determination of density scale-height profiles, geomagnetic effects in the exosphere, and gravity waves and tidal winds in the equatorial thermosphere. The selection is a dependable source of data for readers interested in space research.

Table of Contents


Contents

Foreword

Preface

Highlights of Recent Space Research

Global Development of Space Research, 1977-1978

Remote Sensing

The Earth's Surface

The Spectral Characteristics of Selected Surface Phenomena and their Impact on the Design of an Opto-electronic Multispectral System

Photointerpretation of Computer Enhanced LANDSAT Images of Serbia (Yugoslavia)

The Use of Weather Satellite Data in the Evaluation of National Water Resources, with Special Reference to the Sultanate of Oman

The Microwave Remote Sensing Experiment in the First Spacelab Payload and Plans for Further Spacelab Instrumentation

Meteorology

Atmospheric and Surface Radiation Balance as Determined from Satellite Data

Analysis of Cloud and Precipitation Fields from Satellite IR and Microwave Pictures

Preliminary Results from the First European Geostationary Meteorological Satellite METEOSAT

Dynamic Interpretation of METEOSAT Imagery

Standardization of Satellite Images of the NOAA Scanning Radiometer Signals for an Objective Cloud Classification

Dynamic Classification of Mesoscale Cloud Patterns

Infrared Measurements over Cirrus Clouds in the 6.5 and 11.5 μɱ Regions

On the Assimilation of Non-Simultaneous Satellite and Conventional Meteorological Data Using Statistical Weights

The Middle Atmosphere

Remote Sensing Studies

Review of Climatological Information Obtained from Remote Sensing of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

Water Vapour and Ozone in the Mesosphere Observed from "Salyut-5"

Comparisons of Atmospheric Temperatures Derived from Falling Sphere and Grenade Experiments Conducted at Wallops Island in 1975

Direct Observations

Summary of Atmospheric Observations and Investigations in the Altitude Region from 20 to 80 km

Preliminary Results of the Intercomparison Test of US and USSR Meteorological Systems at Wallops Island August 1977

Preliminary Results of the US-USSR Meteorological Rocketsonde Intercomparison Held at Wallops Island, August 1977

Annual Variation and Variability of Meteorological Parameters in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

Stratospheric Motions as Noted from Daily Rocket Soundings

Equatorial Stratospheric and Mesospheric Structural Variations During the Years 1971-74

Models

Review of Data and Models of the Middle Atmosphere

Physical Properties Affecting the Existence of Small Ice Particles in the Mesosphere

Planetary Waves

The Vertical Structure of Planetary Waves and Associated Meridional Transports of Momentum and Heat in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere

Variations of Turbopause Altitude

Variation of the Turbopause Level in the Polar Regions

The Thermosphere

CIRA 1972, Recent Atmospheric Models, and Improvements in Progress

Variability of Solar Ultraviolet Flux and its Significance to Models of the Neutral Upper Atmosphere

Some Features of EUV Solar Activity Indices

Comparison of Atmospheric Temperatures According to CIRA-72 and Nightglow Data

Investigation of the 27-day Periodicity in Thermospheric Density Fluctuations

Natural Gas Density and Temperature

Incoherent Scatter Data Related to Thermaspheric Modelling

Analysis of Perturbations of the Total Density Determined by the Lowg Accelerometer Cactus

Determination of Density Scale Height Profiles

Geomagnetic Effects in the Exosphere

HEAO-1 Observations of X-ray Fluorescent Emission Lines from the Earth1s Sunlit Atmosphere

Mass Spectrometer Observations

Gas Densities Near 230 km from Orbital Drag and Mass Spectrometer Measurements - A Comparison

Aeros-B: Annual Variations of He,N,0,N2, and Ar During Low Solar Activity at 4 and 16 hours Local Time

U.V. Extinction and Mass Spectrometer Rocket Measurements of Atmospheric Composition Over Woomera

Thermospheric Variations as an Indicator of Magnetic Storm Heating and Circulation

Tides and Gravity Waves

Gravity Waves and Tidal Winds in the Equatorial Thermosphère

The Ionosphere

D-Region

A Global Model of D-Region Ionization

Equatorial Ionosphere

Plasma Irregularities and Soft Energy Electron Fluxes in the Equatorial E Region

Electric Fields in the E Region During the Counter Electrojet

Effects of Vertical Shears in the Zonal Winds of the Electrojet

Mid-latitude Ionosphere

An Investigation of Variations of Ion Composition and Dynamics of the Topside Ionosphere from the Meteor Satellite

Dynamical Behaviour of the Daytime Topside Ionosphere Inferred from Vertical-6 Rocket Data

Winter Anomaly

Breakdown of the Polar Mesospheric Vortex in Winter as the Cause of Mid-latitude Winter Anomaly

Structural Variations in the Neutral Thermosphere During the D-Region Winter Anomaly

Auroral Atmosphere and Ionosphere

A Sounding Rocket Campaign for Studying Heat Deposition into the Ionosphere During Substorm Events

High Latitude Ionospheric Structures

Auroral EUV Emissions (50-132 nm)

Results from a Rocket Measurement of the Neutral and Ionized Lower F-Region Composition in Association with an Auroral Arc

Electron Density Variations in the Polar Region from 70 to 210 km

The Magnetosphere

Observations of the High Latitude Topside Ionosphere

Thermal Plasma and Field Aligned Ion Drift at the Beginning of an Auroral Disturbance

Interpretation of Coordinated Electron Density, Temperature, and VLFMeasurements Onboard Intercosmos-10

ELF-VLF Emissions, Ion Density Fluctuations and Electron Temperature in the Ionospheric Trough

Electric Fields at High Latitudes in the Topside Ionosphere Near the Dawn-Dusk Meridian

Precipitation of Energetic Charged Particles

Longitudinal Variation of the High Altitude X-ray Flux During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions

PSE Morphology and Medium Latitude Radiation Belt Electron Pitchangle Diffusion Coefficients: A Test of the PSE-Model

High and Low Latitude Energy Spectra of Protons and Electrons Precipitating into the Ionosphere Observed with the Satellite MCosmos-900"

The Relation Between 10 to 80 keV Electron Precipitation Observed at Geosynchronous Orbit and Auroral Radio Absorption Observed with Riometers

Active Experiments

The Barium Ion Jet Experiment of Porcupine 2

The Sun and the Interplanetary Medium

Solar X-Radiation

Solar X-ray Flares Observed with the Columbia University Instrument on 0S0-8

Observation of Solar X-radiation On Board "Prognoz-6"

Spectrum and Anisotropy of Hard Flare X-rays on the Basis of Multiple Electron Scattering

A Comparison of the Characteristics of Solar Proton Events for the Last Two Solar Minima

Current Status of Short-term Solar Proton Predictions

Separation and Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Variations in the April 10, 1969 Solar Flare Particle Event

Interpretation and Analysis of Solar Energetic Particle Intensities and Anisotropies Observed Aboard Helios 2 on 28 March 1976

Charged Particles Produced in Small Solar Flares Observed at 1 AU

Analysis of Energetic Particle Events Following Solar Flares of September 24 and November 22, 1977

Solar Wind

Simultaneous H(1216Ä) and He(584Ä) Observations of the Interstellar Wind by Mariner 10

Cosmic Dust

Dust in Planetary Magnetospheres

Dust-Magnetospheric Interactions

Three-dimensional Distribution of Dust

Three-dimensional Distributions of the Potential Sources of Interplanetary Dust

The Distribution of Orbital Elements of Interplanetary Dust in the Inner Solar System as Detected by the Helios Space probe

The Action of the Poynting-Robertson Effect and Radiation Pressure on the Mass Distribution Index of Micrometeoroids

The Brightness/Unit Volume of the Zodiacal Light as Determined from Pioneer 10

Inversion of the Zodiacal Brightness Integral for an Out-of-Ecliptic Photometer

Dust of Lunar Origin

Lunar Surface Grain Motion: Electrostatic Charging, Supercharging (Electret Effects) and Mechanical Bonding

Tertiary, Secondary and Primary Impact Crater Populations on Lunar Rocks: Configurations where Population Inversion Occurs

Lunar Ejecta in Heliocentric Space

Lunar Libration Region L4 Photometry

Cometary Dust

Flyby-and Rendezvous-type Comet Missions from the Standpoint of Large-particle Dust Experiments

A Concept for Analysis of Cometary Dust by Light Scattering Experiments on Future Cometary Probes

Dust Experiment for a Rendezvous-Cometary-Mission

Materials Sciences in Space

Use of Composite Materials in Space

Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Experiment to be Flown on the Space Shuttle LDEF Mission

Materials Science under Micro-gravity Conditions

Materials Processing in Space - an Overview of Studies in the U.S.A.

Crystal Growth and Segregation in Space: A Critical Assessment Based on Results Obtained During the ASTP Mission

Technological Experiments in Microgravity-Texus I and II

Interfacial Convection Observed under Microgravity Conditions During the Texus-I Experiment

Possibilities for Physical Experiments in Materials Science using Near Zero-g-Conditions

A Television Picture Processing System for the Investigation of Crystal Growth Processes

Multiphase Dispersions by Crystallization Processing

Vapour Growth of Hgl2 in Sealed Ampoules

The Thermal Investigation of Solidifications Carried Out in a Cartridge Furnace in Space

Convection under Micro-gravity Conditions

Convection under Normal and Reduced Gravity

Experiments on the Relevance of Marangoni Convection for Materials Science in Space

Thermal Marangoni Convection

Convection Due to Surface-tension Gradients

Effects of Convection on Crystal Growth under Terrestrial and Space Conditions

Marangoni Convection in a Fluid Layer under the Action of a Transverse Magnetic Field

A Mechanism for Macroscopic Phase Separation in Emulgated Liquid Systems

Fluid Mechanics of Continuous Flow Electrophoresis

Electrofluid Dynamics of Interfaces

Author Index

Details

No. of pages:
634
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483156071

About the Editor

M. J. Rycroft

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