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Cooperation and Helping Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122108204, 9781483261072

Cooperation and Helping Behavior

1st Edition

Theories and Research

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Editors: Valerian J. Derlega Janusz Grzelak
eBook ISBN: 9781483261072
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1981
Page Count: 470
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Cooperation and Helping Behavior: Theories and Research deals with theory and research with respect to positive forms of social behavior, with emphasis on cooperation and helping behavior. Topics covered include social values and rules of fairness; cognitive processes underlying cooperation; the effects of intergroup competition and cooperation on intragroup and intergroup relationships; and altruism and the problem of collective action.

Comprised of 18 chapters, this book begins with an overview of theories and research on cooperation and helping behavior, followed by a discussion on the problem of interdependence within the context of interpersonal relations. Subsequent chapters deal with cognitive processes affecting cooperation; motivational and cognitive antecedents of cooperation; the effects of intergroup competition and cooperation on intragroup and intergroup relationships; and opportunities for gaining satisfactory solutions to conflict through negotiation. Social trap analogs of social dilemmas such as the energy crisis and overpopulation are also examined, together with altruism and the problem of collective action; justice-motive theory; arousal and cost-reward theory of bystander intervention; and the psychological aspects of receiving help. The final chapter considers types of psychological mechanisms underlying prosocial behavior and its development.

This monograph will be of value to students and researchers in the field of psychology.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Chapter 1 Cooperation and Helping Behavior: An Introduction

Cooperation and Helping Behavior: Similarities and Dissimilarities in the Domains of Research

Problems in Theoretical Integration

Problem of Evaluative Bias: Does Prosocial Equal Good?


Part I Cooperation

Chapter 2 Interdependence and Psychological Orientation

Types of Interdependence

Psychological Orientations

The Relationship between Types of Interdependence and Psychological Orientations

Some Relevant Research

Concluding Comments


Chapter 3 Social Values and Rules of Fairness: A Theoretical Perspective

Social Values

Fairness Rules



Chapter 4 Cognitive Processes Underlying Cooperation: The Theory of Social Representation

The Theory of Social Representation

A Critical Analysis of Some Experimental Studies of Cooperation

Experimental Studies of the Importance of Social Representation in Cooperative Processes



Chapter 5 Preferences and Cognitive Processes in Interdependence Situations: A Theoretical Analysis of Cooperation

Basic Assumptions

Structure of Preferences

Preferences, Cognitive Processes, and Behavior

Summary and Concluding Remarks


Chapter 6 The Effects of Intergroup Competition and Cooperation on Intragroup and Intergroup Relationships

Intergroup Bias in Minimal Groups

Intergroup Competition and Cooperation

The Influence of Constituencies

Threatened Leadership and Intergroup Competition



Chapter 7 The Development of Integrative Agreements

Problem Definition and Importance

Types of Integrative Agreement


A Method for Studying the Development of Integrative Agreements

Orientation and Aspiration

Tactics Leading Toward and Away from Integrative Agreements



Chapter 8 Social Trap Analogs: The Tragedy of the Commons in the Laboratory

The Development of Social Traps

Psychological Perspectives

Breaking Out of Social Traps

Evaluating Solutions: Social Trap Analogs

Living with Others


Chapter 9 Altruism and the Problem of Collective Action

Background and General Approach

Altruism and Noticeability

Altruism and Side Payments

Increasing the Size of the Group through Altruism

Concluding Comments


Part II Helping Behavior

Chapter 10 Promotive Tension: Theory and Research

Promotive Tension

Promotive Social Relationships

A Sense of Community


Chapter 11 The Justice Motive in Human Relations and the Economic Model of Man: A Radical Analysis of Facts and Fictions

The Economic Model in the Social Sciences and Everyday Life

Evidence for the Preeminence of Justice in Human Relations

The Momentum Generated by the Economic Model in Social Psychology: Typical Examples

Methodological Traps in Contemporary Equity Research

Systematic Biases in Role-Playing Reactions

Reasons for the Persistence of the Myth of "Economic" Man

Some Concluding Thoughts on Facts and Fictions


Chapter 12 Responsive Bystanders: The Process of Intervention

The Arousal-Cost-Reward Model

Pictorial Presentation of the Model

Relationship of Other Models



Chapter 13 The Help-Seeking Process

Psychology of the Help Recipient

Models of the Help-Seeking Process

Perception of Problems

The Decision to Seek Help

Summary and Conclusion


Chapter 14 Helping and Cooperation: A Self-Based Motivational Model


A Normative Model of Helping

Boomerang Effects

Other Models of Helping and Altruism

Cooperation and Helping


Chapter 15 Motivation of Prosocial Behavior

Motivation and Value Attribution

Consequences of Different Motivational Mechanisms

Self as a Source of Inhibitory Forces

Self-Structure as a Source of Motivation for Prosocial Behavior

Final Remarks


Chapter 16 Cognitive Basis of the Developnnent of Altruistic Behavior

Defining an Altruistic Act

Altruistic Behavior and Cognitive, Social-Perspective, and Moral Development

Helping Behavior, Age, and Cognitive, Social-Perspective, and Moral Development

The Developmental Stages of Helping Behavior

Empirical Evidence



Chapter 17 Two Types of Altruistic Behavior: Doing Good to Feel Good or to Make the Other Feel Good

Endocentric and Exocentric Sources of Altruistic Motivation

Development of Motivational Sources of Altruistic Behavior

Measurement of Endocentric versus Exocentric Altruism: The Prosocial Motivation Inventory

Empirical Evidence for Child Rearing Antecedents of Endocentric and Exocentric Motivation

What Difference Does It Make: Endocentric versus Exocentric Helping

Concluding Remarks


Chapter 18 Altruism, Envy, Competitiveness, and the Common Good


The Common Good



Mixed Motives

Successive Trials



Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1982
28th December 1981
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

Valerian J. Derlega

Janusz Grzelak

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