COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128195550

Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture

1st Edition

0.0 star rating Write a review
Editors: F.B Lewu Tatiana Volova Sabu Thomas R.K. Rakhimol
Paperback ISBN: 9780128195550
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st October 2020
Page Count: 612
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.


Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture provides a comprehensive examination of precision fertilizer applications using the 4-R approach—the right amount of fertilizer at the right time to the right plant at the correct stage of plant growth. This volume consolidates detailed information on each aspect of controlled release fertilizers, including up-to-date literature citations, the current market for controlled release fertilizers and patents. Presenting the tremendous advances in experimental and theoretical studies on sustainable agriculture and related areas, this book provides in-depth insight into state-of-the-art controlled release mechanisms of fertilizers, techniques, and their use in sustainable agriculture.

Conventional release mechanisms have historically meant waste of fertilizers and the adverse effects of that waste on the environment. Controlled release delivery makes significant strides in enhancing fertilizer benefit to the target plant, while protecting the surrounding environment and increasing sustainability.

Key Features

  • Presents cutting-edge interdisciplinary insights specifically focused on the controlled release of fertilizers
  • Explores the benefits and challenges of 4-R fertilizer use
  • Includes expertise from leading researchers in the fields of agriculture, polymer science, and nanotechnology working in industry, academics, government, and private research institutions across the globe
  • Presents the tremendous advances in experimental and theoretical studies on sustainable agriculture and related areas


Scientists and researchers in Agriculture, Polymer and Materials Science, Polymer Technologists and engineers

Table of Contents

  1. Controlled Release of Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture: State of the art, opportunities and novelty
    2. Conventional methods for fertilizer release
    3. Fate of the conventional fertilizers in environment
    4. Controlled release of fertilizers- concept, reality and mechanism
    5. Controlled and slow release fertilizers
    6. Characteristics and types of slow- and controlled-release fertilizers
    7. Methods for controlled release of fertilizers
    8. Manufacturing of slow- and controlled-release Fertilizers
    9. Factors controlling the release of fertilizers, Advantages and disadvantages of slow- and controlled-release fertilizers 
    10. Options for the application of slow- and controlled-release fertilizers, Consumption and economics of slow- and controlled-release of fertilizers
    11. Costs and benefits of slow- and controlled-release fertilizers, Sensors detecting controlled fertilizer release
    12. Trends and technologies behind controlled release fertilizers
    13. Nanotechnology in controlled release fertilizers
    14. Polymer formulations for controlled release of fertilizers
    15. Chemistry and toxicology behind chemical fertilizers, Theory and simulation modelling of controlled release of fertilizers
    16. Controlled release of organic fertilizers, Future of controlled release fertilizers


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2021
1st October 2020
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editors

F.B Lewu

F.b. Lewu received his PhD in Botany with specialization in plant genetic conservation and propagation. Joining the Department of Agriculture, University of Zululand, South Africa as a Lecturer in 2008 he was appointed acting HOD, of the department in 2009; a position he held till end of May 2011, when he joined the Cape Peninsula University of Technology as HOD of Agriculture Department in the Faculty of Applied Sciences in 2011. Appointed Associate Professor in 2014 and obtaining C Rating of National Research Foundation (NRF C3 Rated Scholar) of South Africa during the same year, he is a qualified Professional Natural Scientist. His latest research interest is focused on the influence of nanomaterials and chemical elicitors on the efficacy of medicinal species and their ameliorating effects on biochemicals of screened materials through different propagation and screening methods.

Tatiana Volova

Tatiana Volova is a doctor of biological sciences in microbiology, Professor and head of the Department of Biotechnology at the Siberian Federal University. She is the creator and head of the Laboratory of Chemoautotrophic Biosynthesis in the Institute of Biophysics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Professor Volova is conducting research in the field of physic-chemical biology and biotechnology and a well-known expert in the field of microbial physiology and biotechnology. Tatiana Volova has created and developed a new and original branch in chemoautotrophic biosynthesis, in which the two main directions of the XXI century technologies are conjugate, hydrogen energy and biotechnology. Tatiana Volova is the author of more than 300 scientific works, including 12 monographs, 16 inventions, and a series of textbooks for universities.

Sabu Thomas

Sabu Thomas is currently Vice Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi University and the Founder Director and Professor of the International and Interuniversity Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. He is also a full professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at the School of Chemical Sciences of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. Recently, because of the outstanding contributions to the field of Nanoscience and Polymer Science and Engineering, Prof. Thomas has been conferred Honoris Causa (DSc) Doctorate by the University of South Brittany, Lorient, France and University of Lorraine, Nancy, France. Very recently, Prof. Thomas has been awarded Senior Fulbright Fellowship to visit 20 Universities in the US and most productive faculty award in the domain of Materials Science.

R.K. Rakhimol

Rakhimol R.K. is a researcher in International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. She has received a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology from Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India, master’s degree in Biotechnology from Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India and MPhil degree in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology from Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. Now, Rakhimol is doing her PhD work at International and Inter university Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. She is currently pursuing her research on nanoparticles and their effect on plants.

Ratings and Reviews