Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124201668, 9780124202375

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

1st Edition

A Brief History of Shifting Paradigms

Authors: John Avise
eBook ISBN: 9780124202375
Paperback ISBN: 9780124201668
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 13th February 2014
Page Count: 184
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Description

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format.

This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers.

Key Features

  • Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics
  • Modular format permits ready access to each described subject
  • Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science
  • Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Readership

Biologists, geneticists, evolutionary biologists, developmental biologists, and researchers in, as well as students and academics in these areas and professional scientist in many subfields of biology, such as medicine, paleontology, ethology, anthropology, psychology, philosophy, and sociology.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

References

Part I: The First 50 Years (1859–1910): Laying the Foundations

Part I. The First 50 Years (1859–1910): Laying the Foundations

Chapter 1. 1859 Whose Handiwork?

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 2. 1861 Spontaneous Generation

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

Further Reading

Chapter 3. 1865 The Nature of Heredity

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

Reference

Chapter 4. 1871 Pre-copulatory Sexual Selection

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 5. 1875 Nature versus Nurture

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 6. 1876 Biogeography

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 7. 1889 Germ Plasm

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 8. 1902 The Etiology of Disabilities

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 9. 1902 Autosomes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 10. 1905 Epistasis

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 11. 1908 Hardy-Weinberg

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 12. 1909 Genotype versus Phenotype

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 13. 1909 Non-Mendelian Inheritance

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 14. 1910 Sex Chromosomes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Part II: The Next 50 Years (1910–1960): Expanding the Foundations

Part II. The Next 50 Years (1910–1960): Expanding the Foundations

Chapter 15. 1912 Continental Drift

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 16. 1915 Homeotic Genes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 17. 1927 Mutation

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 18. 1930 Sex Ratio

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 19. 1932 End of a Debate

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 20. 1935 Biological Species

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 21. 1937 Modern Synthesis

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 22. 1942 Epigenetics

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 23. 1944 Genetic Material

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 24. 1950 Jumping Genes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 25. 1952 Pluripotency

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References And Further Reading

Chapter 26. 1952 Aging

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 27. 1953 Origins of Life

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 28. 1954 Hybridization

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 29. 1954 Life’s Antiquity

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 30. 1956 Evolution in Action

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Part III: The 1960s and 1970s: Dawn of the Molecular Era

Part III. The 1960s and 1970s: Dawn of the Molecular Era

Chapter 31. 1963 Molecular Phylogeny

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 32. 1964 Kin Selection

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 33. 1964 Coevolution

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 34. 1965 Molecular Clocks

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 35. 1966 Cladistics

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 36. 1966 Individual Selection

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 37. 1966 Genetic Variation

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 38. 1967 Organelle Origins

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 39. 1968 Genomic Structure

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 40. 1968 Neutrality Theory

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 41. 1969 Gene Regulation

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 42. 1970 The Flow of Information

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 43. 1970 Post-copulatory Sexual Selection

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 44. 1972 Jerky Evolution

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 45. 1972 Recombinant DNA

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 46. 1974 Parent–Offspring Conflict

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 47. 1975 Human Genomic Uniqueness

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 48. 1976 Selfish Genes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 49. 1977 Split Genes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 50. 1977 Domains of Life

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 51. 1979 Phylogeography

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 52. 1979 Exaptations

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 53. 1979 Genetic Code

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Part IV: Post-1980: Elaborating and Revisiting the Foundations

Part IV. Post-1980: Elaborating and Revisiting the Foundations

Chapter 54. 1980 Microbial Clonality

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 55. 1982 Catalyzing New Thoughts

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 56. 1982 Game Theory

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 57. 1983 Conservation Genetics

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 58. 1984 DNA Fingerprinting and Mating Systems

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 59. 1987 Humans Out of Africa

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 60. 1989 Fossil DNA

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 61. 1991 Phylogenetic Character Mapping

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 62. 1992 Evolutionary Psychology

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 63. 1993 Regulatory RNAs

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 64. 1994 Darwinian Medicine

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 65. 1999 Lateral Transfer in the Web of Life

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 66. 2001 Genomic Sequencing

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 67. 2003 Barcoding Life

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 68. 2003 Functional Pseudogenes

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 69. 2004 Adaptive Speciation

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Chapter 70. 2010 Comparative Genomics

The Standard Paradigm

The Conceptual Revolution

References and Further Reading

Epilogue

Glossary

Index

Details

No. of pages:
184
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124202375
Paperback ISBN:
9780124201668

About the Author

John Avise

John C. Avise is a Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Irvine, and an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. His research utilizes molecular markers to study the ecology and evolution of wild animals on topics ranging from genetic parentage and mating behaviors to gene flow, hybridization, phylogeography, speciation, and phylogeny. He has published more than 340 scientific articles and 25 books on a wide variety of evolutionary genetic topics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Irvine, CA, USA

Reviews

"I will recommend it for the pleasure of reading his selection of 70 outstanding contributions to evolutionary genetics and the stimulus it will provide to readers." -- The Quarterly Review of Biology

"The book is stimulating and it gives a quick survey of the key ideas in the field of evolutionary genetics.I will recommend it for the pleasure of reading his selection of 70 outstanding contributions to evolutionary genetics and the stimulus it will provide to readers."--Elof Axel Carlson, Biochemistry & Cell Biology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York and Institute for Advanced Study, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA