Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine

Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine

Nutritional, Biochemical, Pathological and Therapeutic Aspects

1st Edition - February 9, 2009
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: Victor Preedy, Gerard Burrow, Ronald Watson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080920863

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Description

Over two billion people worldwide are at risk for the spectrum of disorders known as "The Iodine Deficiency Disorders." 1-10% will suffer cretinism; 5-30% will have some sort of brain damage or neurological impairment and 30-70% will be hypothyroid. The causes of iodine deficiencies can be considered from both simplistic and more complex perspectives: From the leaching of iodine from soil resulting in crops with low iodine content to malnutrition resulting in impaired iodine absorption. Poor dietary diversification and impoverished socio-economic development can also lead to iodine deficiencies. Although it is possible to diagnose and treat deficiencies, there is still an ongoing dialogue regarding the detailed molecular pathology of iodine homeostatis, how hypothyroidism impacts the body tissues, and efficient diagnosis and treatment of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders. This Handbook provides a resource of information on the various pathways and processes based on different countries or diseases. Because there is a constant flow of new information on iodine and related disorders, the goal of this Handbook is to provide a base of scientific information upon which additional knowledge can be applied.

Key Features

  • Provides important information on one of the most common micro-nutrient deficiencies in the world, the most important "single nutrient-multiple consequences" paradigm today
  • Includes information on iodine-related diseases, including those that are common, preventable and treatable
  • Provides insight from a broad perspective of viewpoints -- from subcellular transports to economic impact

Readership

Nutritionists and Dietitians, Public Health Scientists and Workers, Epidemiologists, Food scientists, Pharmacologists

Table of Contents

  • Section 1: Forwards – ICCIDD and WHO

    Section 2: Analytical Techniques

    Chapter 1
    Determination of Iodine in Seawater: Methods and Applications
    Hua-Bin Li, Xaing-Rong Xu, and Feng Chin

    Chapter 2
    Assay of Iodine in Foodstuffs: Methods and Applications
    Jane Kučera

    Chapter 3
    Determination of Iodine in-vivo and in-vitro by X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis: Methodology and Applications
    Marie Hansson, Gertrud Berg, and Mats Isaksson

    Chapter 4
    Plasma Analytes for Determination of Thyroid Status
    Ruth M. Ayling and Jinny Jeffrey

    Chapter 5
    Interpretation of Thyroid Function Tests and Their Relationship to Iodine Nutrition: Changes in TSH, Free T4 and Free T3 Resulting From Iodine Deficiency and Iodine Excess
    Colin M. Dayan and Vijay Panicker

    Chapter 6
    Thyroglobulin as an Indicator of Iodine Intake
    Radovan Bílek and Václav Zamrazil

    Chapter 7
    Computer Systems for Monitoring Effects of Iodine/Thyroid Status in Populations
    Inge Bülow Pederson, Peter Laurberg

    Section 3: General Aspects of Iodine Sources and Intakes in the Diet, Main Routes of Iodine Metabolism and Metabolic Roles

    Section 3.1: Iodine Cycle and Chemistry

    Chapter 8
    Iodine in the Air
    Russell W. Saunders and Alfonso Saiz-Lopez

    Chapter 9
    Iodine and Iodine Species in Sea Water: Speciation, distribution and dynamics
    Kazuaki Ito and Takeshi Hirokawa

    Chapter 10
    Geochemical Cycling of Iodine Species in Soils
    Qinhong Hu, Jean E. Moran, and Van Blackwood

    Chapter 11
    Transfers of Iodine in the Soil-Plant-Air System: Solid-Liquid Partitioning, Migration, Plant Uptake and Volatilisation
    Daniel J. Ashworth

    Chapter 12
    Iodine in the Ecosystem: An Overview
    Anthony J. Yun, Patrick Y. Lee, Kimberly A. Bazar, Stephanie M. Daniel, and John D. Doux

    Chapter 13
    The Nature of Iodine in Drinking Water
    Stig Andersen and Peter Laurberg

    Chapter 14
    Application of Iodine Water Purification Tablets: Iodine's Efficacy Against Cryptosporidium Parvum
    Jeffrey A. Starke

    Chapter 15
    Iodine Speciation in Foodstuff, Tissues and Environmental Samples: Iodine species and analytical method
    Xiaolin Hou



    Chapter 16
    Iodine in Farm Animals
    F. Schöne and Rajkumar Rajendram

    Chapter 17
    Radiochemistry of Iodine: relevance to health and disease
    C.C. Lin and J.H. Chao

    Section 3.2: Physiology, Metabolism and Biochemistry

    Chapter 18
    Retention of Iodine in the Body: Biological Half-Life of Iodine in the Human Body
    Gary H. Kramer

    Chapter 19
    Mathematical Models of Human Iodine Metabolism, Including Assessment of Human Total Body Iodine Content
    Marguerite Hays

    Chapter 20
    Iodine Transfer Through Mother's Milk: The Influence of Bromide
    Stanislav Pavelka

    Chapter 21
    Cellular Iodine Transport: Body Distribution of the Human Sodium Iodide Symporter
    Matthew J. Provenzano and Frederick Domann

    Chapter 22
    Sodium-Iodide Symporter (NIS) in Gastric Mucosa: Gastric Iodide Secretion
    Malin Josefsson and Eva Ekblad

    Chapter 23
    Regulation and Enhancement of Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS) Expression: NIS Regulatory Pathways in Thyroid and Breast Cancer
    Takahiko Kogai and Gregory A. Brent

    Chapter 24
    Pendred's Syndrome: Deficiency in Iodide Transport
    Peter Kopp, Sabine Schnyder, Liuska Pesce


    Chapter 25
    Autoregulation of Thyroid Growth and Function by Iodine: TSH-independent regulation of the thyroid gland by iodocompounds
    Roland Gärtner

    Chapter 26
    Is Iodine an Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Agent for the Mammary and Prostate Glands?
    Carmen Aceves and Brenda Anguiano

    Chapter 27
    Uncertainty of Iodine Particulate Deposition in the Respiratory Tract
    Richard P. Harvey

    Chapter 28
    The relationship Between Thiocyanate and Iodine
    Peter Laurberg, Inge Bülow Pedersen, Allan Carlé, Stig Andersen, Nils Knudsen, and Jesper Karmisholt

    Chapter 29
    Environmental Perchlorate and the Thyroid
    Lewis E. Braverman

    Chapter 30
    Iodate and Perchlorate in Bottled Water: Methods for Discovery and Impact to Humans
    Shane A. Snyder, Brett J. Vanderford, and Fernando L. Rosario-Ortiz

    Chapter 31
    Dioxins, PCBs and Iodine: Effects on Synthesis and Metabolism of the Iodine Containing Thyroid Hormones
    Veerle Bruggeman and Veerle Darras

    Chapter 32
    Iodide Effects on the Thyroid: Biochemical, Physiological, Pharmacological and Clinical Effects of Iodide in the Thyroid
    Valerie Panneels, Guillermo Juvenal, Jean-Marie Boeynaems, Jacques E. Dumont, and Jacqueline Van Sande

    Chapter 33
    Influences of Iodine on the Immunogenicity of Thyroglobulin
    George Carayanniotis and Yi-chi M. Kong

    Chapter 34
    Goiter in the Elderly: The Role of Iodine
    Shakaib U. Rehman, Mohammed M. Ahmed, and Florence N. Hutchison

    Section 3.3: Nutrition and Dietary Aspects

    Chapter 35
    Iodine Intake and Food Choice
    Lone B. Rasmussen, Stig Andersen, Lars Ovesen, and Peter Laurberg

    Chapter 36
    Iodine Mineral Water and Its Therapeutic Use in Health Resorts: Iodine consumption from natural mineral waters and its effect on the body
    Manfred Klieber, Rudolf Winkler, and Rajaventhan Srirajaskanthan

    Chapter 37
    The Iodine Content of Foods and Diets: Norwegian Perspectives
    Lisbeth Dahl and Helle Margrete Meltzer

    Chapter 38
    Correlation between Soy Phytoestrogens and Thyroid Laboratory Parameters: Implications for Iodine
    Richard Hampl, Daniela Ostatníková, Peter Celec, Zdeněk Putz, Radovan Bílek, Oldřich Lapčik, Petr Matucha

    Chapter 39
    Knowledge of Iodine Nutrition
    Pieter L. Jooste

    Chapter 40
    Iodine Metabolism and Parenteral Nutrition
    Robert Hume and Fiona L.R. Williams

    Chapter 41
    Iodine Content of Standard Infant Formula and Specialized Enteral Preparations
    Robert Hume, Karen Lang, and Fiona L.R. Williams

    Section 3.4: Iodine Metabolism

    Chapter 42
    Trimester-Specific Changes in Maternal Thyroid Hormones: Implications for Iodine Nutrition
    Offie P. Soldin and Danielle Soldin

    Chapter 43
    The Relationship between Population Iodine Statistics to Iodine Status of Individuals: A possible approach for more comprehensive characterization of iodine nutritional status
    Volker F.H. Brauer and Ralf Paschke

    Chapter 44
    Variation in Iodine Excretion in Healthy Individuals
    Stig Andersen, Jesper Karmisholt and Peter Laurberg

    Chapter 45
    Assessment of Iodine Intake and Iodine Status in Vegans
    Helen J. Lightowler

    Chapter 46
    Isotopes of Iodine in Thyroid Tissue and Urine: source, application, level and distribution
    Xiaolin Hou and Wenjun Ding

    Chapter 47
    The U-shaped Curve of Iodine Intake and Thyroid Disorders
    Peter Laurberg, Inge Bülow Pedersen, Allan Carlé, Nils Knudsen, Stig Andersen, Lars Ovesen, and Lone B. Rasmussen

    Section 4: Pathological Aspects of Iodine Deficiency

    Section 4.1: General Aspects of Pathology

    Chapter 48
    Iodine Deficiency: The Extent of the Problem
    Bruno de Benoist, Erin McLean, and Maria Andersson

    Chapter 49
    Iodine Deficiency in Pregnancy: Iodine deficiency and supplementation in pregnancy
    John H. Lazarus and Peter PA Smyth

    Chapter 50
    Iodine Nutrition and Iodine Deficiency in Term and Pre-Term Newborns
    Susana Ares, José Quero, and Gabriella Morreale de Escobar


    Chapter 51
    Oxidative Damage in Iodine Deficiency
    Filiz Hincal

    Chapter 52
    Iodine Deficiency in Relation to Iron Deficiency and Parasitosis: Effect of iron status and parasites on iodine deficiency disorders
    Edgar M. Vásquez-Garibay and Enrique Romero Velarde

    Chapter 53
    Iodine Deficiency and Thyroid Cancers: Effect of Iodine Prophylaxis on Thyroid Cancer Morphology
    H. Rubén Harach

    Chapter 54
    Iodine Deficiency in Vegetarian and Vegan Diets: Evidence-Based Review of the World's Literature on Iodine Content in Vegetarian Diets
    Cheryl Fields and Jonathan Borak

    Chapter 55
    Relationship between Iodine Intake and Thyroid Size
    Lone B. Rasmussen, Peter Laurberg, and Lars Ovesen

    Chapter 56
    Thyroid Peroxidase (TPO) Deficiency and Total Iodide Organification Defect
    Laura Fugazzola

    Chapter 57
    Iodine Deficiency, Antioxidant Response and Mutagenesis in the Thyroid Gland
    Knut Krohn and Ralf Paschke

    Chapter 58
    Adaptation to Iodine Deficiency: experimental aspects
    Gabriella Morreale de Escobar, Maria-Jesus Obregon, Pablo-Enrique Pedraza, Rosa Calvo, and Francisco Escobar del Rey

    Chapter 59
    Iodine and Exercise
    Peter PA Smyth, Derek F. Smith, George C. Cloughley, Robert A. Burns, and L.H. Duntas



    Chapter 60
    Antibodies to Thyroid Peroxidase and Thyroglobulin in Iodine Deficiencies
    Inge Bülow Pedersen and Peter Laurberg

    Chapter 61
    Bromide Interference with Iodine Metabolism: Goitrogenic and Whole-Body Effects of Excessive Inorganic Bromide in the Rat
    Stanislav Pavelka



    Section 4.2: The Effects on the Brain and Neurological Aspects

    Chapter 62
    Iodine Deficiency and the Brain: an overview
    Basil S. Hetzel

    Chapter 63
    Iodine-Deficient Gestation and Neuro-Development of 3 Year-Old Children
    M. Francisco Rivas-Crespo, Isolina Riaño Galán, Paloma Sánchez Martínez, and María Pilar Mosteiro Díaz

    Chapter 64
    Experimental Models of Iodine Deficiency and Cretinism During Development: The Role of the Mother
    Maria-Jesus Obregon, Rosa Maria Calvo, Francisco Escobar del Rey, and Gabriella Morreale de Escobar

    Chapter 65
    The Effects of Hypothyroidism Due to Iodine Deficiency in Neonatal Brain: The Changes in Brain Metabolites Detected by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
    Ayşehan Akinci and Hakki Muammer Karakaş

    Chapter 66
    The DI02 (Deiodinase Type 2) Gene and Mental Retardation in Iodine-Deficiency
    Ting-wei Guo, David St. Clair, and Lin He

    Chapter 67
    DNA Damage in Brain and Thyroid Gland Cells Due to High Fluoride and Low Iodine
    Jundong Wang, Yaming Ge, Hongmei Ning, and Ruiyan Niu

    Chapter 68
    Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders Due to Iodine Deficiency: A Novel Iodine Deficiency Disorder Affecting the Offspring of Hypothyroxinemic Mothers
    Francesco Vermiglio, Mariacarla Moleti, and Francisco Trimarchi

    Chapter 69
    Brain Iodine and Other Halogens of Control and Alzheimer's Diseased Patients: brain iodine deficiency in Alzheimer’s disease
    E. Andrasi and N. Páli

    Chapter 70
    A Novel Iodine Deficient Disorder: Gestational Hypothyroxinemia. How Safe is it for Progeny?
    Maricarla Moleti, Francisco Trimarchi, and Francesco Vermiglio

    Chapter 71
    Iodine, Selenium Deficiency and Kashin-Beck Disease
    Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes

    Chapter 72
    Iodine, Thyroid Diseases and Neuromuscular Dysfunction
    Huy A. Tran

    Chapter 73
    Reduced Iodine Intake and Iodine Prophylaxis in Pregnancy: Importance of Hypothyroxinemia in the First Trimester of Gestation
    Ricardo V. Garcia-Mayor, Antonia Rego-Iraeta, and Montserrat Rios

    Section 5: Treatment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders

    Chapter 74
    The Role of the ICCIDD in the Global Program for the Elimination of Brain Damage Due to Iodine Deficiency
    Basil S. Hetzel

    Chapter 75
    Iodine Fortification: Some Industrial Initiatives and Concerns
    Ruchika Mehra and Kalyan Srinivasan



    Chapter 76
    Labelling Techniques Using Iodine-123: Applications to Clincial Settings
    Valerie Ardisson and Nicolas Lepareur

    Chapter 77
    Effect of Iodine Restriction on Thyroid Function in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
    Kyung Rae and Chul Sik Kim

    Chapter 78
    Effect of Lifelong Iodine Supplementation
    Gertrud Berg and Ernst Nyström

    Chapter 79
    Evaluating the Efficiency of Iodisation Programmes: Impact of Iodine Prophylaxis on Different Aspects of Life and Society
    Amar K. Chandra

    Chapter 80
    Net Benefits of the Active Iodine Prophylaxis Over the Silent Prophylaxis: Policy Implications Based on a Natural Experiment
    Venanzio Vella

    Chapter 81
    Treatment Regimens in Toxic and Diffuse Goiters in Iodine Deficiency: Goiter and Hyperthyroidism in Iodine Deficiency
    Rudolf Hoermann

    Chapter 82
    Are There Side Effects When Using Supraphysiologic Levels of Iodine in Treatment Regimens?
    Jack Kessler

    Chapter 83
    Iodination of Salt in Poland: Past and the Future
    Wieslaw M. Grzesiuk

    Chapter 84
    Iodine Supplementation Fails to Target the Elderly: Perspectives from Austria
    Peter Lind, Susanne Kohlfürst, Isabel Igerc, Martin Heinisch, Hans Jürgen Gallowitsch, and Hartmut Aigner


    Chapter 85
    Healthcare Service Delivery in Achieving Sustained Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders: A Case Study of China
    Mu Li, Zupei Chen, and Creswell J. Eastman

    Chapter 86
    Evaluation of Iodine Prophylaxis in Czech Republic: Changes of Ioduria, Thyroid Status and Autoimmunity
    Václav Zamrazil, Radovan Bilek, Jarmilla Čerovská, Marcela Dvoráková, Petra Hoskovcová, and Ivan Šterzl

    Chapter 87
    The Effects of Salt Iodination on Normal Thyroid Physiology and Graves’ Disease in India
    Ajay Sood and Denish Moorthy

    Section 6: Damage and Disease Due to Iodine Toxicity

    Chapter 88
    Developmental Effects of Toxic Doses of Iodine
    X.F. Sun and X.F. Yang

    Chapter 89
    Thyroiditis and Salt Iodination: Effect of dietary iodine on the prevalence of histological autoimmune thyroiditis
    H. Rubén Harach

    Chapter 90
    Detrimental Effects of Increasing Iodine Supply: Iodine-Induced Hyperthyroidism, Following Iodine Prophylaxis
    Andrzej Lewinski, Dorota Slowinska-Klencka, Mariusz Klencki, Bozena Popowicz, Arkadiusz Zygmunt, and Malgorzata Karbownik-Lewinska

    Chapter 91
    Experimental Studies on the Effects of Excessive Iodine Supplementation on the Thyroid Tissue
    Zhongyan Shan, Weiping P. Teng, and Yaxin Lai

    Chapter 92
    Frequency, Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of Iodine-Induced Hyperthyroidism
    Katja S. Mühlberg and Ralf Paschke

    Chapter 93
    Iodine-Induced Toxic Effects Due to Seaweed Consumption
    Karsten Müssig

    Chapter 94
    The Toxicology of Iodate: A Literate Survey in View of its Use in Iodized Salt
    Hans Bürgi, Th. Schaffner, and J.P. Seiler

    Chapter 95
    Iodine-Containing Compounds: Use in Patients with Documented Adverse Reactions
    Sara D. Brouse

    Chapter 96
    Influence of Iodine-Containing Pharmaceuticals on Iodine Status and Thyroid Function: Iodine-Induced Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
    Keigo Nobukuni

    Chapter 97
    Two Unusual Situations of Excess Iodine Ingestion: A Faulty Iodinator and the US Space Program
    Lewis E. Braverman

    Section 7: Radiodine in the Non-Iodine Deficient Subject

    Chapter 98
    The Use of 131-Iodine in the Treatment of Graves' Disease in Children
    Scott A. Rivkees and Catherine Dinauer

    Chapter 99
    The Low Iodine Diet Prior to Radioiodine Administration in the Management of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer
    Robin J. Prestwich and Georgina E. Gerrard

    Chapter 100
    Use of 131-Iodine and Risk of Radiation Exposure: Potential Hazards to the Patient and Other People
    Tone Cappelen and Jan Frede Unhjem

    Chapter 101
    The Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS): NIS-Mediated Radioiodide Therapy
    Christine Spitzweg and John C. Morris

    Chapter 102
    Using Retinoids to Increase Radio-Iodine Uptake in Thyroid Cancer: Role as Potential Re-Differentiation Agents
    Wendy Ella and Susan Short

    Chapter 103
    The Use of Lithium as an Adjuvant in the Radioactive Iodine Treatment of Thyroid Cancer
    Marina S. Zemskova and Francesco Saverio Celi

    Chapter 104
    131 Iodine in Thyroid Cancer: Use of 131 I in the Diagnosis and Therapy of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinomas
    Dominick Lamonica


    Section 8: Other Causes of Hypothyroidism

    Chapter 105
    The Extent of Hypothyroidism in the United States
    Henry G. Fein and David S. Cooper

    Chapter 106
    Hypothyroidism in the Middle Aged and Elderly: Clinical Aspects
    Juan J. Diez and Pedro Iglesias

    Chapter 107
    Hypothyroidism in the Middle Aged and Elderly: Therapeutical Aspects
    Juan J. Diez and Pedro Iglesias

    Chapter 108
    Brain Damage in Clinical Hypothyroidism in Childhood
    Junko Arii and Yuzo Tanabe

    Chapter 109
    Hypertension and Hypothyroidism: A Thyroid Dysfunction Frequently Associated with an Abnormal Dietary Iodine Intake
    Giorgio Iervasi and Enza Fommei

    Chapter 110
    Heart Failure, Iodine Intake and Thyroid Hormones
    Giorgio Iervasi and Alessandro Pingitore

    Chapter 111
    Skeletal Muscle Changes in Hypothyroidism
    Carlos B. Mantilla, Douglas E. Dow, and Gary C. Sieck

    Chapter 112
    Ocular Aspects of Hypothyroidism: Neuro-Ophthalmological Dysfunction in Relation to Thyroid Disease and Iodine
    A. Seah and Y.L. Lo

    Chapter 113
    Pregnancy and Hypothyroidism: Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Iodine Deficiency Complicating Mother and Fetus
    Marcos Abalovich and Daniel Glinoer

    Chapter 114
    How the Public and Private Sector Have Successfully Come Together in Efforts to Universally Iodize Salt
    Zahra Popatia, Barbara Macdonald, and Rajan Sankar

    Chapter 115
    Iodine Status Reflected by Urinary Concentrations: Comparison with USA and Other Countries
    Offie P. Soldin

    Chapter 116
    Iodine Intake in European Elderly
    Agnes N. Pedersen and Lone B. Rasmussen

    Chapter 117
    Iodine Deficiency in Pregnant Women in England
    Mohammed S. Kibirige

    Chapter 118
    Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders in Germany
    Henry Völzke and Michael Thamm

    Chapter 119
    Surveillance of Thyroid Disorders and Iodine Intake in the Danish Population Before and After Mandatory Iodide Fortification of Salt: The DanThyr Program
    Peter Laurberg, Torben Jørgensen, Hans Perrild, Lars Ovesen, Nils Knudsen, Inge Bülow Pedersen, Lone B. Rasmussen, Allan Carlé, and Pernille Vejbjerg


    Chapter 120
    Iodine Nutrition in Bulgaria: Results from the National Strategy for Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Bulgaria-Epidemiologic Studies on Risk Population Groups
    Penka Dimitrova Gatseva and Mariana Dimitrova Argirova

    Chapter 121
    Iodine Status in Individuals: An Italian Perspective
    Giuseppe Costante

    Chapter 122
    Dietary Iodine Intake in Ukraine
    Kunio Shiraishi, Susumu Ko, Pavlo V. Zamostyan, Nikolay Y. Tsigankov, Ivan P. Los, and Vitaly N. Korzun

    Chapter 123
    Iodine Status in Individuals: An Argentine Perspective
    Hugo Niepomniszcze, Daniel Bernatené, and Gerardo Sartorio

    Chapter 124
    Iodization of Salt: The Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Brazil
    Margarete Nimer, José Armando Ansaloni, and Marcelo Eustáquio Silva

    Chapter 125
    Effects of Excessive Iodine Intake on Thyroid Diseases: An Epidemiological Study from China
    Weiping P. Teng, Zhongyan Shan, and Xiaochun Teng

    Chapter 126
    Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Thailand
    Sangsom Sinawat

    Chapter 127
    The Current State of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) in Australia and the Pacific States
    Creswell J. Eastman and Mu Li

    Chapter 128
    History of Iodine Deficiency in School Children in Tasmania, Australia
    Kristen L. Hynes, C. Leigh Blizzard, Petr Otahal, Judy A. Seal, Alison J. Venn, Terence Dwyer, John R. Burgess, and RoscoeTaylor


    Chapter 129
    Iodine Deficiency Disorders in New Zealand
    Christine D. Thomson and Sheila A. Skeaff

    Chapter 130
    Iodine Nutrition in Pregnancy: Meeting Iodine Requirements in the Diets of Pregnant Women
    Sheila A. Skeaff

    Chapter 131
    Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Mali
    Abdel Kader Traoré and Liv Elin Torheim

    Chapter 132
    Nutritional, Endocrine and Pathological Aspects of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in India
    Arijit Chakrabarty, Chandrakant S. Pandav, N. Tandon, and M.G. Karmarkar

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1334
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2009
  • Published: February 9, 2009
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080920863
  • About the Editors

    Victor Preedy

    Dr. Preedy is a senior member of King's College London and Director of the Genomics Centre and a member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Professor Preedy has longstanding academic interests in substance misuse especially in relation to health and well-being. In his career Professor Preedy was Reader at the Addictive Behaviour Centre at The University of Roehampton, and also Reader at the School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London; UCL). Professor Preedy is an extremely experienced book editor, having edited influential works including but not limited to The Handbook of Alcohol Related Pathology, The Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, The Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies, The Neuroscience of Cocaine, and upcoming titles The Neuroscience of Alcohol, The Neuroscience of Nicotine, and more (all Elsevier).

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Clinical Biochemistry; Director of the Genomics Centre, King’s College, London, UK

    Gerard Burrow

    Affiliations and Expertise

    David Paige Smith Professor of Medicine, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA

    Ronald Watson

    Ronald Watson
    Ronald Ross Watson, PhD, is Professor of Health Promotion Sciences at the University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. Dr. Watson began his research in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health as a Fellow in 1971 doing field work on vaccines in Saudi Arabia. He has done clinical studies in Colombia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United States which provides a broad international view of public health. He has served in the military reserve hospital for 17 years with extensive training in medical responses to disasters as the chief biochemistry officer of a general hospital, retiring as a Lt. Colonel. He is a distinguished member of several national and international nutrition, immunology, and cancer societies. Dr. Watson’s career has involved studying many lifestyle aspects for their uses in health promotion. He has edited over 100 biomedical reference books and 450 papers and chapters. His teaching and research focuses on alcohol, tobacco, and drugs of abuse in heart function and disease in mouse models.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and School of Medicine, Arizona Health Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA