Composite Structures

Composite Structures

Safety Management

1st Edition - May 19, 2008

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  • Author: Dr. Bjorn Backman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080564975

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Composite Structures extends the focus to all the entities that participate in the successful quest for safety and demonstrates how design, manufacturing, maintenance, (inspection), operation, and requirements (regulations) all are part of successful, safe innovation and necessary to assure safe flight through the life of the vehicle. It addresses the notion that safety is a function of time and that vigilant risk management is only successful if it includes all participating entities. It is a companion to the author's first volume, Composite Structure: Design, Safety and Innovation, published by Elsevier in June 2005.

Key Features

  • Eliminates an unacceptable 'gap' in the world of safety
  • Represents a 'new' approach to designing, manufacturing, maintaining, operating and regulating composite airplane structures
  • Written for professionals in the aerospace structural development arena whether in indusrty, academia or government


Composite Safety specialists in industry, government and academia, aeronautical and aerospace engineers, engineers and scientists in structures, materials science, safety, quality control, testing, design, development and applied research, and advanced graduate students.

Table of Contents

  • Index

    Chapter 1
    1.1. Elements of Structural Safety
    1.2. Interaction between Elements
    1.3. Effects on Safety and the Influence of Residual Strength
    1.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 1
    Chapter 2
    Structural Integrity and Safety Threats
    2.1. Integrity and Manufacturing
    2.2. Integrity and Maintenance
    2.3. Integrity and Operation
    2.4. Integrity and Rerquirements
    2.5. Integrity Summary
    2.6. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 2
    2.7. The Process Quality of the Elements of Safety
    Chapter 3
    Elements of Safety and Design Data
    3.1. Mishaps in Manufacturing
    3.2. Quality Assurance
    3.3. Quality Control
    3.4. Errors in Maintenance
    3.5. Failures in Operation
    3.6. Requirement Transgressions
    3.7. Effects of Different Elements of Safety
    3.8. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 3
    Chapter 4
    Effects on the Safe State
    4.1. Manufacturing and Processing Discrepancies
    4.2. Mechanical Flaws and Damage
    4.3. “Added”, Spurious, Internal Loads
    4.4. Summary of Effects
    4.5. Installation and Assembly Problems
    4.6. Maintenance Defects
    4.7. Operational Mishaps
    4.8. Requirement Formulation
    4.9. Monitoring, Interpreting, Reporting and Updating
    4.10. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 4
    Chapter 5
    Process Defects Affecting Quality of Structures
    5.1. Defects of Manufacturing
    5.2. Defects in Maintenance
    5.3. Operational Defects
    5.4. Defects in Requirements Formulation
    5.5. Targets for Monitoring
    5.6. Essential Conclusions for Chapter 5
    Chapter 6
    Design Criteria Development
    6.1. Foundation of Safety-based Criteria
    6.2. Fail-Safety, Structural Design and Safe Manufacturing
    6.3. Reduced Structural Properties and Unsafe Manufacturing
    6.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 6
    Chapter 7
    Scenarios and Structural Integrity
    7.1 Critical Scenarios
    7.2 Essential Conclusion in Chapter 7
    Chapter 8
    Safety and Structural Integrity
    8.1. Ultimate Integrity; the basic Corner Stone
    8.2. Process Quality and Monitoring
    8.3. Defect Targets and Relations
    8.4. Purpose and Approach of Structural Integrity and Process Quality
    Chapter 9
    Structural Service Monitoring
    9.1. Monitoring Example
    9.2. Priority Targets for Monitoring
    9.3, Structural Defects
    9.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 9
    Chapter 10
    Structural Integrity, Safety and Design
    10.1. Structural Safety and Criteria
    10.2. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 10
    Chapter 11
    Design Mission, Criticality and Integrity
    11.1. Damage Tolerance Integrity and Criticality
    11.2. Criticality and Process Defects
    11.3. Criticality and Repair Processes
    11.4. Criticality and Damage Tolerance Related Processes
    11.5. Mechanical Damage Threats
    11.6. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 11
    Chapter 12
    Risk and Uncertainty
    12.1 Markers for Monitoring Action
    12.2 Situations after Scheduled Inspection
    12.3 Wide-spread Defects
    12.4 Initial Damage Regions and Process Definition
    12.5 Essential Conclusions of Chapter 12
    Chapter 13
    Elements of Safety and their Characteristics
    13.1. Element of Structural Design
    13.2. Element of Manufacturing
    13.3. Element of Maintenance
    13.4. Element of Requirement Formulation
    13.5. Safety Targets
    Chapter 14
    Generalized Safe States
    14.1. Fail-Safe Integrity
    14.2. Integrity Description
    14.3 Safety Management Strategy
    14.4 Uncertainty and Monitoring
    14.5 Essential Conclusions of Chapter 14
    Chapter 15
    Scenarios and Safety
    15.1. Manufacturing Process Defects
    15.2. Increase in Internal loads due to Manufacturing Defects
    15.3. Maintenance Defects
    15.4. Defects in Operation
    15.5. Defects in Requirements Formulation
    Chapter 16
    Design Mission and Philosophy
    16.1. Maneuver Critical Designs
    16.2. Gust Critical Design
    16.3. Wide-spread Defects
    16.4. Structural Integrity and Composites
    16.5. Safety Strategy and Objectives
    16.6. Design Data and Integrity
    16.7. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 16
    Chapter 17
    Strategy and Objectives for Design
    17.1. Ultimate Integrity
    17.2. State of Damage for Ultimate Conditions
    17.3. Fail-Safe Integrity
    17.4. Discrete Source Damage Integrity
    17.5. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 17
    Chapter 18
    Elements of Safety and Engineering Practices
    18.1. Safety Background
    18.2. Initial Formulation and Updating
    18.3. The “World of Composites”
    Chapter 19
    Improvement in Structural Safety of Composites
    19.1. Wide-spread Defects
    19.2. Discrete Source Damage Integrity
    19.3. Unsafe States and Safety Improvements
    19.4. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 19
    Chapter 20
    Process Quality and Integrity of Requirements Formulation
    20.1. Process for Regulations
    Chapter 21
    Safety Management and Process Quality
    21.1. Manufacturing Process Safety Management Requirements
    21.2. General Process Defects and Effects
    21.3. Maintenance Defects in Safety Management
    21.4. Operational Defects
    21.5. Defective Requirements
    21.6. Defect and Effect Review
    21.7. Structural Safety
    Chapter 22
    Unsafe State
    22.1. Unsafe Elements of Safety
    22.2. Total Probability of an Unsafe State
    Chapter 23
    Summary of Safety Management
    23.1. Design Process and Practices
    23.2. Discrete Source Damage Design
    23.3. Tire-Burst
    23.4. Fail-Safe Back-up to Reduced Damage Tolerance due to Manufacturing Defects
    23.5. Hail-stone Impact in Flight
    23.6. Process Development
    Chapter 24
    Philosophy: Design to Explicit Safety Constraints
    24.1. Probability of Failure
    24.2. Design Process
    24.3. Requirements Formulation
    24.4. In-Service Monitoring
    24.5. Process Development
    Appendix 1: Failure due to Lost Limit Integrity
    Appendix 2: Sizing to Safety Considerations - Damage Tolerance Critical Structure

Product details

  • No. of pages: 306
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2008
  • Published: May 19, 2008
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080564975

About the Author

Dr. Bjorn Backman

Affiliations and Expertise

Structure and Materials Structured Research, Camano Island, WA, USA

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