Composite Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080548098, 9780080564975

Composite Structures

1st Edition

Safety Management

Authors: Dr. Bjorn Backman
eBook ISBN: 9780080564975
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080548098
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 19th May 2008
Page Count: 306
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Composite Structures extends the focus to all the entities that participate in the successful quest for safety and demonstrates how design, manufacturing, maintenance, (inspection), operation, and requirements (regulations) all are part of successful, safe innovation and necessary to assure safe flight through the life of the vehicle. It addresses the notion that safety is a function of time and that vigilant risk management is only successful if it includes all participating entities.

It is a companion to the author's first volume, Composite Structure: Design, Safety and Innovation, published by Elsevier in June 2005.

Key Features

  • Eliminates an unacceptable 'gap' in the world of safety
  • Represents a 'new' approach to designing, manufacturing, maintaining, operating and regulating composite airplane structures
  • Written for professionals in the aerospace structural development arena whether in indusrty, academia or government


Composite Safety specialists in industry, government and academia, aeronautical and aerospace engineers, engineers and scientists in structures, materials science, safety, quality control, testing, design, development and applied research, and advanced graduate students.

Table of Contents


PART 1 SAFETY MANAGEMENT Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1. Elements of Structural Safety 1.2. Interaction between Elements 1.3. Effects on Safety and the Influence of Residual Strength 1.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Structural Integrity and Safety Threats 2.1. Integrity and Manufacturing 2.2. Integrity and Maintenance 2.3. Integrity and Operation 2.4. Integrity and Rerquirements 2.5. Integrity Summary 2.6. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 2 2.7. The Process Quality of the Elements of Safety Chapter 3 Elements of Safety and Design Data 3.1. Mishaps in Manufacturing 3.2. Quality Assurance 3.3. Quality Control 3.4. Errors in Maintenance 3.5. Failures in Operation 3.6. Requirement Transgressions 3.7. Effects of Different Elements of Safety 3.8. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Effects on the Safe State 4.1. Manufacturing and Processing Discrepancies 4.2. Mechanical Flaws and Damage 4.3. “Added”, Spurious, Internal Loads 4.4. Summary of Effects 4.5. Installation and Assembly Problems 4.6. Maintenance Defects 4.7. Operational Mishaps 4.8. Requirement Formulation 4.9. Monitoring, Interpreting, Reporting and Updating 4.10. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Process Defects Affecting Quality of Structures 5.1. Defects of Manufacturing 5.2. Defects in Maintenance 5.3. Operational Defects 5.4. Defects in Requirements Formulation 5.5. Targets for Monitoring 5.6. Essential Conclusions for Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Design Criteria Development 6.1. Foundation of Safety-based Criteria 6.2. Fail-Safety, Structural Design and Safe Manufacturing 6.3. Reduced Structural Properties and Unsafe Manufacturing 6.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Scenarios and Structural Integrity 7.1 Critical Scenarios 7.2 Essential Conclusion in Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Safety and Structural Integrity 8.1. Ultimate Integrity; the basic Corner Stone 8.2. Process Quality and Monitoring 8.3. Defect Targets and Relations 8.4. Purpose and Approach of Structural Integrity and Process Quality Chapter 9 Structural Service Monitoring 9.1. Monitoring Example 9.2. Priority Targets for Monitoring 9.3, Structural Defects 9.4. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Structural Integrity, Safety and Design 10.1. Structural Safety and Criteria 10.2. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Design Mission, Criticality and Integrity 11.1. Damage Tolerance Integrity and Criticality 11.2. Criticality and Process Defects 11.3. Criticality and Repair Processes 11.4. Criticality and Damage Tolerance Related Processes 11.5. Mechanical Damage Threats 11.6. Essential Conclusions of Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Risk and Uncertainty 12.1 Markers for Monitoring Action 12.2 Situations after Scheduled Inspection 12.3 Wide-spread Defects 12.4 Initial Damage Regions and Process Definition 12.5 Essential Conclusions of Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Elements of Safety and their Characteristics 13.1. Element of Structural Design 13.2. Element of Manufacturing 13.3. Element of Maintenance 13.4. Element of Requirement Formulation 13.5. Safety Targets Chapter 14 Generalized Safe States 14.1. Fail-Safe Integrity 14.2. Integrity Description 14.3 Safety Management Strategy 14.4 Uncertainty and Monitoring 14.5 Essential Conclusions of Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Scenarios and Safety 15.1. Manufacturing Process Defects 15.2. Increase in Internal loads due to Manufacturing Defects 15.3. Maintenance Defects 15.4. Defects in Operation 15.5. Defects in Requirements Formulation Chapter 16 Design Mission and Philosophy 16.1. Maneuver Critical Designs 16.2. Gust Critical Design 16.3. Wide-spread Defects 16.4. Structural Integrity and Composites 16.5. Safety Strategy and Objectives 16.6. Design Data and Integrity 16.7. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Strategy and Objectives for Design 17.1. Ultimate Integrity 17.2. State of Damage for Ultimate Conditions 17.3. Fail-Safe Integrity 17.4. Discrete Source Damage Integrity 17.5. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 17 PART 2 SAFETY MANAGEMENT SUMMATION Chapter 18 Elements of Safety and Engineering Practices 18.1. Safety Background 18.2. Initial Formulation and Updating 18.3. The “World of Composites” PART 3: IMPROVED STRUCTURAL SAFETY OF COMPOSITES Chapter 19 Improvement in Structural Safety of Composites 19.1. Wide-spread Defects 19.2. Discrete Source Damage Integrity 19.3. Unsafe States and Safety Improvements 19.4. Essential Conclusions in Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Process Quality and Integrity of Requirements Formulation 20.1. Process for Regulations Chapter 21 Safety Management and Process Quality 21.1. Manufacturing Process Safety Management Requirements 21.2. General Process Defects and Effects 21.3. Maintenance Defects in Safety Management 21.4. Operational Defects 21.5. Defective Requirements 21.6. Defect and Effect Review 21.7. Structural Safety Chapter 22 Unsafe State 22.1. Unsafe Elements of Safety 22.2. Total Probability of an Unsafe State Chapter 23 Summary of Safety Management 23.1. Design Process and Practices 23.2. Discrete Source Damage Design 23.3. Tire-Burst 23.4. Fail-Safe Back-up to Reduced Damage Tolerance due to Manufacturing Defects 23.5. Hail-stone Impact in Flight 23.6. Process Development Chapter 24 Philosophy: Design to Explicit Safety Constraints 24.1. Probability of Failure 24.2. Design Process 24.3. Requirements Formulation 24.4. In-Service Monitoring 24.5. Process Development Appendix 1: Failure due to Lost Limit Integrity Appendix 2: Sizing to Safety Considerations - Damage Tolerance Critical Structure


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© Elsevier Science 2008
Elsevier Science
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About the Author

Dr. Bjorn Backman

Affiliations and Expertise

Structure and Materials Structured Research, Camano Island, WA, USA