Comparative Virology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124702608, 9781483269696

Comparative Virology

1st Edition

Editors: Karl Maramorosch Edouard Kurstak
eBook ISBN: 9781483269696
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 600
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Comparative Virology provides an integrated comparison of viruses, based on their chemical and morphological characteristics. These descriptions will not only give the reader a background but also a detailed analysis of the various groups. In some instances the groups are still host related, as in the case of bacteriophages and polyhedral insect viruses. In others, for instance in pox viruses, the group comprises viruses of vertebrates and invertebrates. The hosts of the bacilliform Rhabdovirales range from man and other warm-blooded vertebrates through invertebrate animals to plants. A special chapter is devoted to viruses devoid of protein—a group that is of great interest and that has only recently been recognized. Since there is historical and practical interest in écologie groupings, such as arboviruses and oncogenic viruses, chapters on such groups have also been included.
The book opens with a discussion on the classification of viruses. Chapters dealing with DNA viruses and RNA viruses follow, and the ecologically and disease-oriented groups complete the volume. It is hoped that ""Comparative Virology"" will help bring unity to the science of virology through the comparative approach that is not dependent on virus-host interactions. The combined efforts of eminent contributors to discuss and evaluate new information will hopefully benefit all who are interested in virology

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Chapter 1. Remarks on the Classification of Viruses

I. Introduction

II. The LHT System

III. Pros and Cons of the LHT System

IV. Phanerogram, Cryptogram, and Gymnogram

V. Evaluation of Characteristics

VI. Categories and Taxons; Nomenclature

VII. Lanni's System

VIII. Bellett's System

IX. Miscellaneous Remarks

X. Gibbs' Classification

XI. Classification of the Classifications

XII. Conclusions


Chapter 2. Small DNA Viruses

I. Introduction

II. Classification and Nomenclature: General Considerations

III. Specific Properties of Various Parvoviruses and Parvovirus Candidates

IV. Discussion and Conclusions


Chapter 5. The Papovavirus Group

I. Introduction

II. Biology of Papovaviruses

III. Chemical Composition of SV40 and Polyoma Virus

IV. The Structure of the Papovaviruses


Chapter 4. Adenoviruses

I. Introduction

II. Definition of an Adenovirus

III. Summary of Identified Adenoviruses

V. Structural Characteristics of Virions and Virion Components of Adenoviruses

V. Hemagglutinating Activity of Adenoviruses : Association with Virus Products

VI. Comparison of Immunological Characteristics of Adenovirus-Specific Proteins

VII. Some Aspects on Adenovirus-Cell Interactions; Cytopathology, Lytic, and Nonlytic Multiplication

VIII. Concluding Remarks


Chapter 5. Herpesviruses: Current Information on the Composition and Structure

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Composition of the Herpesvirion

III. The Architecture of the Herpesvirion

IV. Conclusions


Chapter 6. Comparative Observations on Poxviruses of Invertebrates and Vertebrates

I. Introduction

II. Comparative Observations on the Structure and Composition of Poxviruses

III. The Replicative Cycle

IV. Detailed Comparisons of Insect Poxviruses


Chapter 7. A Comparative Study of the Structure and Biological Properties of Bacteriophages

I. Introduction

II. Morphology of Bacteriophages

III. Bacteriophage Nucleic Acids

IV. The Infective Cycle of Bacteriophages

V. Host Ranges of Bacteriophages

VI. Bacteriophages as Antigens

VII. The Taxonomy of Bacteriophages

VIII. The Comparison of Bacteriophages with Bacteriocins and Related Entities

IX. Extrachromosomal Elements

X. The Origin and Evolution of Bacteriophages


Chapter 8. Picornaviral Architecture

I. Classification

II. Morphology

III. Physicochemical Properties

IV. Antigens and Viral Derivatives

V. Structure of the Virion

VI. Biosynthesis and Assembly

VII. Conclusion


Chapter 9. Arboviruses: Incorporation in a General System of Virus Classification

I. Introduction

II. Arboviruses

III. Properties of the Virions

IV. Arboviruses in a General System of Classification

V. Conclusions


Chapter 10, Comparative Properties of Rod-Shaped Viruses

I. Introduction

II. Rigidoviridales

III. Flexiviridales

IV. Alfalfa Mosaic Virus

V. Conclusion


Chapter 11, Bullet-Shaped Viruses

I. Introduction

II. Structure

III. Biochemical and Biophysical Properties

IV. Antigenic Properties

V. Morphogenesis

VI. Summary


Chapter 12, Structure and Transcription of the Genomes of Double-Stranded RNA Viruses

I. Structure of the Reovirus Genome

II. Transcription of the Reovirus Genome

III. Biological Significance of a Segmented Genome


Chapter 13, The Structure and Assembly of Influenza and Parainfluenza Viruses

I. Introduction

II. Structure of Influenza Viruses

III. Structure of Parainfluenza Viruses

IV. The Assembly Process

V. Other Enveloped Viruses with Helical Nucleocapsids

VI. Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 14. A Plant Virus with Properties of a Free Ribonucleic Acid: Potato Spindle Tuber Virus

I. Introduction

II. Previous Studies on Potato Spindle Tuber Disease

III. Properties of Crude Extracts from PSTV-Infected Tissue

IV. Nature and Subcellular Location of PSTV In Situ

V. Properties of PSTV Nucleic Acid

VI. Attempted Purification of PSTV RNA

VII. Discussion and Conclusions

VIII. Summary


Chapter 15. The Viruses Causing the Polyhedroses and Granulöses of Insects

I. Introduction

II. The Virus Particles (Virions)

III. The Inclusion Bodies

IV. Serological Relationships


Chapter 16. Oncogenic Viruses: A Survey of their Properties

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of Oncogenic Viruses

III. Virus-Host Cell Interaction

IV. Polyoma Virus, Simian Virus 40 (SV40), and Adenovirus

V. RNA Oncogenic Viruses

VI. Possible Human Tumor Viruses

VII. Concluding Remarks

VIII. Summary


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1971
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Karl Maramorosch

Professor Karl Maramorosch works at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Edouard Kurstak

Ratings and Reviews