Comparative Biochemistry V3

Comparative Biochemistry V3

A Comprehensive Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1962

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141901

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Comparative Biochemistry: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume III: Constituents of Life — Part A focuses on the processes, methodologies, and mechanisms involved in the biological transformations of matter. Composed of contributions of authors, the book first gives emphasis to the comparative features of fatty acid occurrence and distribution. The formation of fatty acids and lipids in living organisms; naturally occurring fatty acids and lipids; relationship between types and distribution of fatty acids and their biological origin are considered. The text also looks at the structure and distribution of sterols, steroid metabolism of lipids, and the distribution and metabolism of phospholipids. The book focuses as well on the structure and occurrence of natural monosaccharides and oligosaccharides. The occurrence of commoner monosaccharides and oligosaccharides; the compositions, reactions, and characteristics of nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids; and chromatographic examinations of biological materials for free sugars are considered. The text also looks at the structure, metabolism, and distribution of terpenoids and quinones. The book is a vital source of information for readers wanting to study the processes, methodologies, and mechanisms involved in the biological transformation of matter.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume III


    Contents of Volumes I, II, IV

    Phylogenetic Charts

    1. The Comparative Aspects of Fatty Acid Occurrence and Distribution

    I. Introduction

    II. The Naturally Occurring Fatty Acids and Lipids

    III. Formation of Fatty Acids and Lipids in the Living Organism

    IV. Relationships between Types and Distribution of Fatty Acids and Their Biological Origin

    V. Fatty Acid Composition and Mode of Combination

    VI. Variations in Types and Distribution of Fatty Acids in Different Parts of the Organism

    VII. Theory of Evolution and Fatty Acid Composition


    2. Sterols: Their Structure and Distribution

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sterols

    III. Sterols of Bacteria and Protozoa

    IV. Sterols of Sponges

    V. Sterols of Coelenterates

    VI. Sterols of Ctenophores to Annelids

    VII. Sterols of Arthropods

    VIII. Sterols of Mollusks

    IX. Sterols of Echinoderms

    X. Sterols of Chordates

    XI. Conclusions


    3. Lipids: Steroid Metabolism

    I. The Biosynthesis of Steroids

    II. The Metabolism of Steroids


    4. Bile Salts: Structure, Distribution, and Possible Biological Significance as a Species Character

    I. Structure

    II. Distribution

    III. Bile Salts as a Species Character


    5. Distribution of Phospholipids

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Glycerophosphatides

    III. Structure of the Sphingophosphatides

    IV. The Distribution of Phospholipids in Animal Tissues

    V. The Distribution of Phospholipids in Plants

    VI. The Phospholipids of Bacteria


    6. The Metabolism of Phospholipids

    I. The Biochemistry of Phospholipid Synthesis

    II. Enzyme Systems That Degrade Phospholipids

    III. The Pathways of Phospholipid Metabolism In Vivo


    7. Natural Monosaccharides and Oligosaccharides: Their Structures and Occurrence

    I. The Monosaccharides

    II. Intersugar Glycosidic Compounds: Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides

    III. Nucleosides, Nucleotides, and Nucleic Acids

    IV. Aminodeoxy Monosaccharides, "Amino Sugars"

    V. Occurrence of Some Commoner Monosaccharides, Free and in Glycosidic Combination

    VI. The Occurrence of Oligosaccharides

    VII. Chromatographic Examinations of Biological Materials for Free Sugars


    8. Polysaccharidases

    I. Introduction

    II. The Enzymes of Glycogen and Starch Degradation

    III. Dextranase

    IV. Cellulases

    V. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Other Polyglucosans

    VI. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Mannans and Mannogalactans

    VII. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Fructans

    VIII. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Pentosans (Xylanase)

    IX. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Polyuronides

    X. Enzymes That Hydrolyze Pneumococcal Polysaccharides

    XI. Mucopolysaccharases

    XII. General Discussion


    9. Saccharides: Alternate Routes of Metabolism

    I. The Pentose Cycle

    II. The Glucuronate Pathway

    III. Heterofermentative Lactic Acid Degradation of Glucose

    IV. The Entner-Doudoroff Scheme

    V. Comparative Studies

    VI. Direct Oxidations of Glucose and Polyols


    10. Terpenoids: Structure and Distribution

    I. Scheme of Terpenoid Structure

    II. Structure and Distribution of Terpenoids


    11. Terpenoids: Metabolism

    I. The "'Isoprene Rule'" and Chemism of Terpenoid Biosynthesis

    II. Ring Closures and Rearrangements

    III. Biochemical Oxidations and Hydrogenations

    IV. Chemotaxonomy


    12. Quinones: Structure and Distribution

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of Quinones in Nature

    III. Biogenesis of Quinones


    13. Melanins

    I. Introduction

    II. The Initial Stages of Melanogenesis

    III. The Natural Distribution of Melanins

    IV. The Structure of Melanins


    14. Flavonoid Compounds

    I. Survey of Naturally Occurring Compounds and Their Biosynthesis

    II. The Distribution of Flavonoid Components

    III. Metabolism and Function of Flavonoid Compounds


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 980
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1962
  • Published: January 1, 1962
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141901

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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