Comparative Biochemistry V2

Comparative Biochemistry V2

A Comprehensive Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143165

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Comparative Biochemistry: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume II: Free Energy and Biological Function focuses on methodologies, processes, and mechanisms involved in the biological transformations of energy. Composed of contributions of various authors, the book first discusses free energy and the biosynthesis of phosphates. The thermodynamics of phosphoryl and phosphate transfer reactions; enzymatic synthesis of phosphates; and phosphoryl transfer sequences in metabolism are considered. The selection also looks at the utilization of free energy in the biosynthesis of saccharides, proteins, and peptides; ammonia metabolism; and biosynthesis of urea. The book also describes muscular contraction. The structure of myofibril; protein components of myofibril; localization of myofibrillar components; contraction of adenosine triphosphate; and adenosine triphosphatases of muscles are discussed. Other mechanisms that produce movements are also noted. The text ends with discussions on experiments on active transport, balance of electrocytes and water, mechanisms of osmoregulation, bioluminescence, and nerve conduction and electrical discharge. The book is a good source of data for readers interested in studying free energy.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume II


    Contents of Volumes I, III, And IV

    1. Free Energy and the Biosynthesis of Phosphates

    I. Introduction

    II. Thermodynamics of Phosphoryl and Phosphate Transfer Reactions

    III. Enzymatic Synthesis of Phosphates

    IV. Phosphoryl Transfer Sequences in Metabolism

    List of Abbreviations


    2. Utilization of Free Energy for the Biosynthesis of Saccharides

    I. Introduction

    II. The Synthesis of Monosaccharides

    III. The Formation of Glycosidic Bonds


    3. Comparative Biochemistry of Free Energy Utilization for the Biosynthesis of Peptides and Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Energy Coupling in the Synthesis of Small Peptides

    III. Energy Coupling in Protein Biosynthesis


    4. Ammonia Metabolism and Urea Biosynthesis

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. Thermodynamic Data and Conventions

    III. Structure and Properties of Ammonia

    IV. Formation of Ammonia

    V. Inorganic Nitrogen Metabolism

    VI. Systems Utilizing Ammonia

    VII. Biosynthesis of Urea

    VIII. Summary Remarks



    5. Muscular Contraction

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of a Myofibril

    III. Relation of Myofibril to Other Intracellular Components

    IV. Protein Components of the Myofibril

    V. Localization of Myofibrillar Components

    VI. Adenosine Triphosphatases of Muscle

    VII. Contraction and Adenosine Triphosphate

    VIII. Relaxation

    IX. Mechanisms of Contraction

    X. Conclusions



    6. Other Mechanisms Producing Movements

    I. The Isolation of Motile Structures

    II. ATP-Driven Single Movements

    III. Movements Which are Inhibited or Made Reversible by ATP

    IV. The Rhythmical Movements of Flagella and Cilia

    V. Summary


    7. Active Transport

    I. Definition

    II. Experimental Characterization

    III. Proposed Mechanisms

    IV. Types of Active Transport

    V. Energy Sources

    VI. Specific Inhibition and Stimulation

    VII. Quantitative Relation to Metabolism

    VIII. Relation to Bioelectric Potentials


    8. Balance of Water, Electrolytes, and Nonelectrolytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Balance in the Whole Organism

    III. The Distribution of Diffusible Molecules within the Organism

    IV. Balance in Plants


    9. The Mechanisms of Osmoregulation

    I. Introduction

    II. The Occurrence of Anisosmotic States in Animals

    III. The Mechanisms of Osmoregulation

    IV. Osmoregulation in Cells and Tissues

    V. Some General Conclusions


    10. Nerve Conduction and Electrical Discharge

    I. Introduction

    II. Ionic Basis of Bioelectric Potentials

    III. Nature of the Permeability Change

    IV. The Permeability Change

    V. Energy Requirements

    VI. Adaptations

    VII. Conclusions


    11. Bioluminescence

    I. Distribution of Luminescence in the Living World

    II. Essential Chemistry of Light Production

    III. Fundamental Differences in Plants and Animals

    IV. Well-Known Luminescent Systems

    V. Other Luminescent Systems

    VI. Evolution of Bioluminescence


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 706
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143165

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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