Comparative Anatomy And Development - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121194017, 9780323140836

Comparative Anatomy And Development

1st Edition

Editors: Geoffrey Bourne
eBook ISBN: 9780323140836
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1980
Page Count: 430
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Description

Hearts and Heart-Like Organs, Volume 1: Comparative Anatomy and Development focuses on the complexities of the heart and heart-like organs in various species, from the invertebrates and the lower vertebrates to humans. More specifically, it investigates the hearts of worms and mollusks, urochordates and cephalochordates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and humans. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of myogenic hearts and their origin, the circulatory system of the annelids, and the nervous control and pharmacology of mollusk hearts. It then discusses the phyletic relationships and circulation systems of primitive chordates, cardiovascular function in the lower vertebrates, fine structure of the heart and heart-like organs in cyclostomes, and fine structure as well as impulse propagation and ultrastructure of lymph hearts in amphibians and reptiles. It also explains the neural control of the avian heart, functional and nonfunctional determinants of mammalian cardiac anatomy, postnatal development of the heart, and anatomy of the mammalian heart. The book concludes with a chapter on the anatomy of the human pericardium and heart. This book is a valuable resource for biological and biomedical researchers concerned with the anatomy and physiology of the heart.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Contents of Other Volumes

1 Some Invertebrate Myogenic Hearts: The Hearts of Worms and Molluscs

I. The Origin of Myogenic Hearts

II. Annelid Circulatory Systems—The Pathway to Hearts

III. The Myogenic Hearts of Molluscs

References

2 The Hearts of Urochordates and Cephalochordates

I. Introduction

II. Phyletic Relationships and Circulation Systems of Primitive Chordates

III. The Hemichordate and Pogonophoran Heart

IV. The Urochordate Heart

V. The Cephalochordate Heart

VI. The Cyclostome Heart

VII. The Evolution of the Chordate Circulation

References

3 Cardiovascular Function in the Lower Vertebrates

I. Introduction

II. The Typical Piscine Heart

III. The Rise of Air-Breathing Vertebrates

IV. The Dipnoan Heart

V. Amphibian Hearts

VI. The Reptilian Heart

VII. Epilogue

References

4 Fine Structure of the Fish Heart

I. Introduction

II. Fine Structure of the Heart and Heart-like Organs in Cyclostomes

III. Fine Structure of the Heart of Elasmobranchs

IV. Fine Structure of the Heart of Teleosts

V. Summary

References

5 On the Fine Structure of Lymph Hearts in Amphibia and Reptiles

I. Introduction

II. Anuran Lymph Hearts

III. Reptilian Lymph Hearts

IV. Summary

References

6 The Amphibian and Reptilian Hearts: Impulse Propagation and Ultrastructure

I. Introduction

II. Electrophysiological Study of Several Cardiac Regions

III. Ultrastructure

References

7 Neural Control of the Avian Heart

I. Introduction

II. Sympathetic Cardiac Innervation

III. Parasympathetic Cardiac Innervation

IV. Concluding Remarks

References

8 Functional and Nonfunctional Determinants of Mammalian Cardiac Anatomy, Parts 1 and II

Part I. The Heart of Edentates

I. Introduction

II. Gross Description of Heart

III. Quantitative Anatomy

IV. Interpretation

Part II. The Heart of Bats

I. Introduction

II. Gross Description of the Heart of Pieropus giganteus

III. The Heart of Other Bats

IV. Interpretation

References

9 Postnatal Development of the Heart

I. Introduction

II. Heart Weight

III. Heart Size and Shape

IV. Coronary Vascular Bed

V. Cardiac Cells

VI. Subcellular Compartments

VII. Chemical Composition

VIII. Cardiac Innervation and Electrical Activity

IX. Myocardial Blood Flow, Oxygen Consumption, and Metabolism

X. Cardiac Function

XI. Summary and Conclusions

References

10 Anatomy of the Mammalian Heart

I. Introduction

II. Cardiac Valves

III. Variation in Heart Size and Form

IV. Pericardium

V. The Heart Wall and Myocardium

VI. Chambers of the Heart

VII. Blood Supply of the Heart

VIII. Cardiac Innervation

References

11 The Anatomy of the Human Pericardium and Heart

I. Introduction

II. Projection of the Heart on the Anterior Chest Wall

III. The Pericardium

IV. Pericardiocentesis

V. External Landmarks of the Heart

VI. The Great Arteries

VII. The Great Veins

VIII. The Fibrous Skeleton of the Heart

IX. The Chambers of the Heart

X. The Conducting System of the Heart

XI. The Blood Supply of the Heart

Bibliography

Index






Details

No. of pages:
430
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323140836

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne