Comparative Anatomy And Development

Comparative Anatomy And Development

1st Edition - January 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Geoffrey Bourne
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323140836

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Description

Hearts and Heart-Like Organs, Volume 1: Comparative Anatomy and Development focuses on the complexities of the heart and heart-like organs in various species, from the invertebrates and the lower vertebrates to humans. More specifically, it investigates the hearts of worms and mollusks, urochordates and cephalochordates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and humans. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of myogenic hearts and their origin, the circulatory system of the annelids, and the nervous control and pharmacology of mollusk hearts. It then discusses the phyletic relationships and circulation systems of primitive chordates, cardiovascular function in the lower vertebrates, fine structure of the heart and heart-like organs in cyclostomes, and fine structure as well as impulse propagation and ultrastructure of lymph hearts in amphibians and reptiles. It also explains the neural control of the avian heart, functional and nonfunctional determinants of mammalian cardiac anatomy, postnatal development of the heart, and anatomy of the mammalian heart. The book concludes with a chapter on the anatomy of the human pericardium and heart. This book is a valuable resource for biological and biomedical researchers concerned with the anatomy and physiology of the heart.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    1 Some Invertebrate Myogenic Hearts: The Hearts of Worms and Molluscs

    I. The Origin of Myogenic Hearts

    II. Annelid Circulatory Systems—The Pathway to Hearts

    III. The Myogenic Hearts of Molluscs

    References

    2 The Hearts of Urochordates and Cephalochordates

    I. Introduction

    II. Phyletic Relationships and Circulation Systems of Primitive Chordates

    III. The Hemichordate and Pogonophoran Heart

    IV. The Urochordate Heart

    V. The Cephalochordate Heart

    VI. The Cyclostome Heart

    VII. The Evolution of the Chordate Circulation

    References

    3 Cardiovascular Function in the Lower Vertebrates

    I. Introduction

    II. The Typical Piscine Heart

    III. The Rise of Air-Breathing Vertebrates

    IV. The Dipnoan Heart

    V. Amphibian Hearts

    VI. The Reptilian Heart

    VII. Epilogue

    References

    4 Fine Structure of the Fish Heart

    I. Introduction

    II. Fine Structure of the Heart and Heart-like Organs in Cyclostomes

    III. Fine Structure of the Heart of Elasmobranchs

    IV. Fine Structure of the Heart of Teleosts

    V. Summary

    References

    5 On the Fine Structure of Lymph Hearts in Amphibia and Reptiles

    I. Introduction

    II. Anuran Lymph Hearts

    III. Reptilian Lymph Hearts

    IV. Summary

    References

    6 The Amphibian and Reptilian Hearts: Impulse Propagation and Ultrastructure

    I. Introduction

    II. Electrophysiological Study of Several Cardiac Regions

    III. Ultrastructure

    References

    7 Neural Control of the Avian Heart

    I. Introduction

    II. Sympathetic Cardiac Innervation

    III. Parasympathetic Cardiac Innervation

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    8 Functional and Nonfunctional Determinants of Mammalian Cardiac Anatomy, Parts 1 and II

    Part I. The Heart of Edentates

    I. Introduction

    II. Gross Description of Heart

    III. Quantitative Anatomy

    IV. Interpretation

    Part II. The Heart of Bats

    I. Introduction

    II. Gross Description of the Heart of Pieropus giganteus

    III. The Heart of Other Bats

    IV. Interpretation

    References

    9 Postnatal Development of the Heart

    I. Introduction

    II. Heart Weight

    III. Heart Size and Shape

    IV. Coronary Vascular Bed

    V. Cardiac Cells

    VI. Subcellular Compartments

    VII. Chemical Composition

    VIII. Cardiac Innervation and Electrical Activity

    IX. Myocardial Blood Flow, Oxygen Consumption, and Metabolism

    X. Cardiac Function

    XI. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    10 Anatomy of the Mammalian Heart

    I. Introduction

    II. Cardiac Valves

    III. Variation in Heart Size and Form

    IV. Pericardium

    V. The Heart Wall and Myocardium

    VI. Chambers of the Heart

    VII. Blood Supply of the Heart

    VIII. Cardiac Innervation

    References

    11 The Anatomy of the Human Pericardium and Heart

    I. Introduction

    II. Projection of the Heart on the Anterior Chest Wall

    III. The Pericardium

    IV. Pericardiocentesis

    V. External Landmarks of the Heart

    VI. The Great Arteries

    VII. The Great Veins

    VIII. The Fibrous Skeleton of the Heart

    IX. The Chambers of the Heart

    X. The Conducting System of the Heart

    XI. The Blood Supply of the Heart

    Bibliography

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 430
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323140836

About the Editor

Geoffrey Bourne

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