Communication in Development

Communication in Development

1st Edition - January 28, 1981

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  • Editor: W. P. Robinson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266862

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Description

Communication in Development is composed of papers derived from two sources. An International Conference on Social Psychology and Language was held in Bristol in July 1979. Considerations of space rather than merit prevented some of the papers, given in supplementary sessions on language development, from being published in the proceedings. These papers are published in this volume. Also included are recent and hitherto unpublished papers from European researchers working in the field of language and cognitive development. The contents of this volume range from the early non-verbal communication to the emergence of the child's understanding about referential communication, and to between and within socio-economic status differences in maternal and child behavior. The kinds of verbal and non-verbal experience that promote intellectual development are considered within the frames of both observed changes within children and cross-sectional studies of individual differences in mother-child interaction. The idea that the child's performance is context sensitive is one of the general ideas that has been taken increasingly into account. Two chapters pay close attention to this issue; both treat it as a challenge to experimental and theoretical ingenuity, recognizing that the child is an active participant in situations where he is observed and that the challenge is to divine the principles regulating the child's behavior.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1. Negativity in Early Infant-Adult Exchanges and Its Developmental Significance

    Initial Observations

    Theoretical Views of Early Negativity

    Empirical Reports of Negativity

    Naturally-Occurring Negativity

    Discussion

    Conclusion: Asocial and Social Negativity

    Acknowledgments

    References

    2. Non-Linguistic Information Which Could Assist the Young Child's Interpretation of Adults' Speech

    Introduction

    Study 1: Contiguity of Reference and Manipulation

    Study 2: The Emphasis of Names of Objects

    Acknowledgments

    References

    3. Collaboration and Confrontation with Young Children in Language Comprehension Testing

    Introduction

    Pilot Studies

    Main Experiments

    Conclusions and Wider Issues

    Acknowledgments

    References

    4. From Interaction Strategies to Social Representation of Adults in a Day Nursery

    Introduction

    Method

    Results: Adults' Behavior in a Play Situation

    Results: Adults' System of Rules and Social Representation

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    Notes

    References

    5. Language Performance of Disadvantaged Children at 30 Months: Interpersonal and Other Environmental Influences

    Introduction

    Method

    Results and Discussion

    Two Case Studies: Zachary and Albert

    Summary

    General Conclusions

    References

    6. Mothers as Teachers and Their Children as Learners: a Study of the Influence of Social Interaction upon Cognitive Development

    Cognitive Development and Social Mediation

    Method

    Results: Mother as Teacher

    Results: The Child as Learner

    Results: Mother-Child Relationships

    Discussion

    Acknowledgment

    References

    7. Mothers' Answers to Children's Questions: from Socio-Economic Status to Individual Differences

    Introduction

    SES Differences in Mothers' Reported Ways of Answering Children's Questions

    SES Differences in the Ways Children Answer Questions

    Associations between Mothers' Reports of Ways They Answer Their Children's Questions and Children's Answers: Mother-Child Pairs

    Children's Answers and Questions in Relation to Mothers' Verbal Behavior

    Discussion

    References

    8. Instruction Versus Conversation as Opportunities for Learning

    Introduction

    Seriation Training: Study 1

    Kinds of Interaction in Relation to Progress in Seriation: Studies 2-5

    Interpretation of Results

    Changing Theoretical Context

    Learning through Conversation: a Synthesis of Theories

    Acknowledgments

    References

    9. Conflict and Cooperation as Opportunities for Learning

    Is Learning an Individual Process?

    The Interchange between the Child and the Social Setting: Communication, Understanding and Performance

    Study 1: Social Context and Performance

    Study 2: Social Context and Learning

    Learning: a Process of Performing and Communicating within a Social Context

    Acknowledgments

    References

    10. Conversational Tactics and the Advancement of the Child's Understanding about Referential Communication

    Introduction

    Deficiencies in the Young Child's Understanding about Verbal Referential Communication

    Ways of Improving the Young Child's Performance and Understanding about Communication

    Why Does Giving the Child Information Improve His Performance and Understanding?

    Relationship between Mothers' Ways of Handling Communication Failure and Children's Understanding about Communication

    Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    11. Some Problems for Theory, Methodology, and Methods for the 1980s

    Introduction

    Theoretical Perspectives

    Methodology

    Methods of Study

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 310
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: January 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266862

About the Editor

W. P. Robinson

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