Communication in Development

Communication in Development

1st Edition - January 1, 1970

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  • Editor: Anton Lang
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323157711

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Description

Communication in Development presents the proceedings of the 28th Symposium of the Society for Developmental Biology, held in Boulder, Colorado, on June 16-18, 1969. It is organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters that discuss the progress of research in developmental communication, communication within the cell, and cell interaction. The book initially presents the evolution of developmental communication systems in cells, focusing on prebiological models. It goes on to describe intracellular communication from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and the nature of the molecules that participate in communication. A chapter also describes communication physiology, pointing to cell surface and the nucleus as the first and last sites of developmental change. A discussion on the localization in the developing Fucus egg is also provided. The third part deals with the cellular and molecular events occurring during the inductive phase, with an emphasis on the role of complex cellular interactions. The fourth part covers the mechanism of nervous and hormonal communication in insects. It also presents evidence, obtained by a combination of biochemical and autoradiographic techniques, on the nature of hormone-dependent tissues and their interaction with estradiol. It also discusses the role of auxin as a communication carrier in plant cell enlargement. The concluding part examines the role of nitrate pathway mechanisms in plant cell communication. It also examines the significance of light on plant and animal developmental stages. This book will greatly appeal to cell and developmental biologists, physiologists, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors and Presiding Chairmen

    I. How It All Came About

    How Does a Molecule Become a Message?

    Introduction

    Some Properties of Languages and Symbols

    What Is the Simplest Message?

    What Is the Simplest Natural Language?

    The Simplest Artificial Languages

    The Simulation of Origins

    The Role of Theory in Biology

    Acknowledgment

    References

    Evolution of Developmental Communication Systems

    Prologue

    Introduction

    Prebiological Models: Statistical

    Prebiological Models: Chemical

    Prebiological Models: Enzymes

    Prebiological Models: Replication

    Epilogue

    References

    II. Much Later—The Cell Communing with Itself

    An Analysis of Bacterial Growth

    The System

    The Collection of Data

    Numerical Analysis

    Genetic Analysis

    The Model

    Consequences of the Analysis

    Deficiencies in the Analysis

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Intracellular Communication in Early Animal Development

    Introduction

    Evidence for Communication between the Cytoplasm and Nucleus of Differentiating Cells

    The Nature of Cytoplasmic Components That Influence Nuclear Activity

    The Passage of Cytoplasmic Molecules into the Nucleus, and Their Association with Chromosomes, in Nondifferentiating Cells

    The Mechanism of Cytoplasmic Communication with the Nucleus

    Acknowledgments

    References

    On the Centripetal Course of Development, the Fucus Egg, and Self-electrophoresis

    A Viewpoint of Development and Communication

    Localization in the Developing Fucus Egg

    The Amplification Process in Fucales Eggs

    How to Test the Electrical Hypotheses

    Direct Measurements of Longitudinal Cytoplasmic Fields

    Tip Growth as Localized Secretion

    Concluding Remarks

    Summary

    Appendix I: Donnan Potential between Two Similar Fixed-Charge Phases Bearing Few Mobile Ions of the Fixed Charges' Sign

    Acknowledgments

    References

    III. Cells Talking with Cells

    Cellular Interaction in the Induction of Antibody Synthesis

    Introduction

    The Role of Peritoneal Macrophages in the Initiation of a Primary Antibody Response in Vitro

    The Reticuloendothelial System and Antibody Formation in Vivo

    Ribonucleic Acid from Antigenically Stimulated Macrophages as the Immunogen (Vertical Cell-to-Cell Transmission)

    Transfer of Antibody Formation by RNA from Cells of Antibody-producing Tissues (Horizontal Transmission)

    More Cellular Interactions: Lymphocytes Affecting Macrophages

    A View of Antibody Synthesis Involving Interactions between Three Cell Types

    Discussion, Speculation, and Conclusions

    Acknowledgment

    References

    IV. The Organism Conversing with Its Cells

    Nervous and Hormonal Communication in Insect Development

    The Genetic Construction Manual

    Morphogenesis and the Nervous System

    The Brain Hormone

    The Prothoracic Glands: Ecdysone

    The Phytoecdysones

    Pathological Effects of Excessive Ecdysone

    Mode of Action of Ecdysone

    The Macromolecular Factor

    Growth without Metamorphosis: Juvenile Hormone and the Status Quo

    The Cecropia Juvenile Hormone

    Juvenile Hormone and Embryonic Development

    References

    Estrogen-Receptor Interaction in Target Tissues

    Introduction and Background

    Intracellular Localization of Estrogen in Uterus

    Estrophilic Substances of Uterine Tissue

    Two-Step Interaction of Estradiol in Uterus

    Discussion and Summary

    Acknowledgments

    References

    The Action of Auxin on Cell Enlargement in Plants

    Introduction

    Gene Activation Hypothesis

    Alternative Modes of Auxin Action

    Physical Nature of the Growth Response to Auxin

    Biochemical Action on the Cell Wall

    Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    References

    V. The Environment Instructing the Cell

    Control of Nutrient Assimilation, A Growth-Regulating Mechanism in Cultured Plant Cells

    Metabolites as Developmental Messages

    The Nitrate Pathway, A Communication Line

    Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase Enzymology

    Regulation of the Nitrate Pathway

    The Cultured Tobacco Cell System

    Control of Growth through the Nitrate Pathway

    Control Circuitry of the Nitrate Pathway

    Concluding Remarks

    Acknowledgment

    References

    Light in Plant and Animal Development

    Introduction

    Control of Plant Reproduction by Light

    Other Responses of Plants to Change in Form of Phytochrome

    Rapid Action of Pfr

    The Manner of Pfr Action in Flowering and Other Responses

    Responses Dependent on Photosensitized Oxidations

    Light Action in Control of Insect Diapause and Activity

    Action Spectra of Diapause Control

    Summary

    References

    Communication in Development: a Postscript

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 284
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1970
  • Published: January 1, 1970
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323157711

About the Editor

Anton Lang

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