Communication in Development - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955418, 9780323157711

Communication in Development

1st Edition

Editors: Anton Lang
eBook ISBN: 9780323157711
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 284
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Description

Communication in Development presents the proceedings of the 28th Symposium of the Society for Developmental Biology, held in Boulder, Colorado, on June 16-18, 1969. It is organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters that discuss the progress of research in developmental communication, communication within the cell, and cell interaction. The book initially presents the evolution of developmental communication systems in cells, focusing on prebiological models. It goes on to describe intracellular communication from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and the nature of the molecules that participate in communication. A chapter also describes communication physiology, pointing to cell surface and the nucleus as the first and last sites of developmental change. A discussion on the localization in the developing Fucus egg is also provided. The third part deals with the cellular and molecular events occurring during the inductive phase, with an emphasis on the role of complex cellular interactions. The fourth part covers the mechanism of nervous and hormonal communication in insects. It also presents evidence, obtained by a combination of biochemical and autoradiographic techniques, on the nature of hormone-dependent tissues and their interaction with estradiol. It also discusses the role of auxin as a communication carrier in plant cell enlargement. The concluding part examines the role of nitrate pathway mechanisms in plant cell communication. It also examines the significance of light on plant and animal developmental stages. This book will greatly appeal to cell and developmental biologists, physiologists, and researchers.

Table of Contents


Contributors and Presiding Chairmen

I. How It All Came About

How Does a Molecule Become a Message?

Introduction

Some Properties of Languages and Symbols

What Is the Simplest Message?

What Is the Simplest Natural Language?

The Simplest Artificial Languages

The Simulation of Origins

The Role of Theory in Biology

Acknowledgment

References

Evolution of Developmental Communication Systems

Prologue

Introduction

Prebiological Models: Statistical

Prebiological Models: Chemical

Prebiological Models: Enzymes

Prebiological Models: Replication

Epilogue

References

II. Much Later—The Cell Communing with Itself

An Analysis of Bacterial Growth

The System

The Collection of Data

Numerical Analysis

Genetic Analysis

The Model

Consequences of the Analysis

Deficiencies in the Analysis

Acknowledgments

References

Intracellular Communication in Early Animal Development

Introduction

Evidence for Communication between the Cytoplasm and Nucleus of Differentiating Cells

The Nature of Cytoplasmic Components That Influence Nuclear Activity

The Passage of Cytoplasmic Molecules into the Nucleus, and Their Association with Chromosomes, in Nondifferentiating Cells

The Mechanism of Cytoplasmic Communication with the Nucleus

Acknowledgments

References

On the Centripetal Course of Development, the Fucus Egg, and Self-electrophoresis

A Viewpoint of Development and Communication

Localization in the Developing Fucus Egg

The Amplification Process in Fucales Eggs

How to Test the Electrical Hypotheses

Direct Measurements of Longitudinal Cytoplasmic Fields

Tip Growth as Localized Secretion

Concluding Remarks

Summary

Appendix I: Donnan Potential between Two Similar Fixed-Charge Phases Bearing Few Mobile Ions of the Fixed Charges' Sign

Acknowledgments

References

III. Cells Talking with Cells

Cellular Interaction in the Induction of Antibody Synthesis

Introduction

The Role of Peritoneal Macrophages in the Initiation of a Primary Antibody Response in Vitro

The Reticuloendothelial System and Antibody Formation in Vivo

Ribonucleic Acid from Antigenically Stimulated Macrophages as the Immunogen (Vertical Cell-to-Cell Transmission)

Transfer of Antibody Formation by RNA from Cells of Antibody-producing Tissues (Horizontal Transmission)

More Cellular Interactions: Lymphocytes Affecting Macrophages

A View of Antibody Synthesis Involving Interactions between Three Cell Types

Discussion, Speculation, and Conclusions

Acknowledgment

References

IV. The Organism Conversing with Its Cells

Nervous and Hormonal Communication in Insect Development

The Genetic Construction Manual

Morphogenesis and the Nervous System

The Brain Hormone

The Prothoracic Glands: Ecdysone

The Phytoecdysones

Pathological Effects of Excessive Ecdysone

Mode of Action of Ecdysone

The Macromolecular Factor

Growth without Metamorphosis: Juvenile Hormone and the Status Quo

The Cecropia Juvenile Hormone

Juvenile Hormone and Embryonic Development

References

Estrogen-Receptor Interaction in Target Tissues

Introduction and Background

Intracellular Localization of Estrogen in Uterus

Estrophilic Substances of Uterine Tissue

Two-Step Interaction of Estradiol in Uterus

Discussion and Summary

Acknowledgments

References

The Action of Auxin on Cell Enlargement in Plants

Introduction

Gene Activation Hypothesis

Alternative Modes of Auxin Action

Physical Nature of the Growth Response to Auxin

Biochemical Action on the Cell Wall

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

V. The Environment Instructing the Cell

Control of Nutrient Assimilation, A Growth-Regulating Mechanism in Cultured Plant Cells

Metabolites as Developmental Messages

The Nitrate Pathway, A Communication Line

Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase Enzymology

Regulation of the Nitrate Pathway

The Cultured Tobacco Cell System

Control of Growth through the Nitrate Pathway

Control Circuitry of the Nitrate Pathway

Concluding Remarks

Acknowledgment

References

Light in Plant and Animal Development

Introduction

Control of Plant Reproduction by Light

Other Responses of Plants to Change in Form of Phytochrome

Rapid Action of Pfr

The Manner of Pfr Action in Flowering and Other Responses

Responses Dependent on Photosensitized Oxidations

Light Action in Control of Insect Diapause and Activity

Action Spectra of Diapause Control

Summary

References

Communication in Development: a Postscript

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
284
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1970
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323157711

About the Editor

Anton Lang