Combustion - 5th Edition - ISBN: 9780124079137, 9780124115552

Combustion

5th Edition

Authors: Irvin Glassman Richard A. Yetter Nick G. Glumac
eBook ISBN: 9780124115552
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124079137
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th November 2014
Page Count: 774
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Description

Throughout its previous four editions, Combustion has made a very complex subject both enjoyable and understandable to its student readers and a pleasure for instructors to teach. With its clearly articulated physical and chemical processes of flame combustion and smooth, logical transitions to engineering applications, this new edition continues that tradition. Greatly expanded end-of-chapter problem sets and new areas of combustion engineering applications make it even easier for students to grasp the significance of combustion to a wide range of engineering practice, from transportation to energy generation to environmental impacts.

Combustion engineering is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications—including power generation in internal combustion automobile engines and gas turbine engines. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions, make this a crucial area of engineering.

Key Features

  • New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales)
  • New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms
  • Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications
  • Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames—for the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization

Readership

Professional engineers, researchers, senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in mechanical, chemical, aerospace and automotive engineering

Table of Contents

  • Dedication 01
  • Dedication 02
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Chemical thermodynamics and flame temperatures
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Heats of Reaction and Formation
    • 1.3. Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constants
    • 1.4. Flame Temperature Calculations
    • 1.5. Sub and Supersonic Combustion Thermodynamics
    • Problems
  • Chapter 2. Chemical kinetics
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Rates of Reactions and Their Temperature Dependence
    • 2.3. Simultaneous Interdependent Reactions
    • 2.4. Chain Reactions
    • 2.5. Pseudo-First-Order Reactions and the “Falloff” Range
    • 2.6. The Partial Equilibrium Assumption
    • 2.7. Pressure Effect in Fractional Conversion
    • 2.8. Chemical Kinetics of Large Reaction Mechanisms
    • Problems
  • Chapter 3. Explosive and general oxidative characteristics of fuels
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Chain Branching Reactions and Criteria for Explosion
    • 3.3. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Hydrogen
    • 3.4. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Carbon Monoxide
    • 3.5. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Hydrocarbons
    • 3.6. The Oxidation of Aldehydes
    • 3.7. The Oxidation of Methane
    • 3.8. The Oxidation of Higher-Order Hydrocarbons
    • Problems
  • Chapter 4. Flame phenomena in premixed combustible gases
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Laminar Flame Structure
    • 4.3. Laminar Flame Speed
    • 4.4. Stability Limits of Laminar Flames
    • 4.5. Flame Progagation through Stratified Combustible Mixtures
    • 4.6. Turbulent Reacting Flows and Turbulent Flames
    • 4.7. Stirred Reactor Theory
    • 4.8. Flame Stabilization in High-Velocity Streams
    • 4.9. Combustion in Small Volumes
    • Problems
  • Chapter 5. Detonation
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Detonation Phenomena
    • 5.3. Hugoniot Relations and the Hydrodynamic Theory of Detonations
    • 5.4. Comparison of Detonation Velocity Calculations with Experimental Results
    • 5.5. The ZND Structure of Detonation Waves
    • 5.6. The Structure of the Cellular Detonation Front and Other Detonation Phenomena Parameters
    • 5.7. Detonations in Nongaseous Media
    • Problems
  • Chapter 6. Diffusion flames
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Gaseous Fuel Jets
    • 6.3. Burning of Condensed Phases
    • 6.4. Burning of Droplet Clouds
    • 6.5. Burning in Convective Atmospheres
    • Problems
  • Chapter 7. Ignition
    • 7.1. Concepts
    • 7.2. Chain Spontaneous Ignition
    • 7.3. Thermal Spontaneous Ignition
    • 7.4. Forced Ignition
    • 7.5. Other Ignition Concepts
    • Problems
  • Chapter 8. Environmental combustion considerations
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. The Nature of Photochemical Smog
    • 8.3. Formation and Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides
    • 8.4. SOx Emissions
    • 8.5. Particulate Formation
    • 8.6. Stratospheric Ozone
    • Problems
  • Chapter 9. Combustion of nonvolatile fuels
    • 9.1. Carbon Char, Soot, and Metal Combustion
    • 9.2. Metal Combustion Thermodynamics
    • 9.3. Diffusional Kinetics
    • 9.4. Diffusion-Controlled Burning Rate
    • 9.5. Practical Carbonaceous Fuels (C. R. Shaddix)
    • 9.6. Soot Oxidation (C. R. Shaddix)
    • 9.7. Catalytic Combustion
    • Problems
  • Appendixes
  • Appendix A: Thermochemical data and conversion factors
  • Appendix B: Adiabatic flame temperatures of hydrocarbons
  • Appendix C: Specific reaction rate constants
  • Appendix D: Bond dissociation energies of hydrocarbons
  • Appendix E: Flammability limits in air
  • Appendix F: Laminar flame speeds
  • Appendix G: Spontaneous ignition temperature data
  • Appendix H: Minimum spark ignition energies and quenching distances
  • Appendix I: Programs for combustion kinetics
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
774
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124115552
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124079137

About the Author

Irvin Glassman

Dr. Irvin Glassman received both his undergraduate and graduate degrees in Chemical Engineering from The Johns Hopkins University. In 1950 he joined Princeton University, and is currently Robert H. Goddard Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. He has also been American Cyanamid Professor of Envirionmental Sciences and Director of Princeton's Center for Energy and Evironmental Studies. For 15years Dr. Glassman represented the United States as a member (and former chairman) of the Propulsion and Energetics Panel of AGARD/NATO. He has been a member of numerous committees, task forces, and research teams, and is currently a member of The National Academy of Engineering and many other professional and honorary societies. Dr. Glassman is listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World, Outstanding Educators of America, and American Men of Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Princeton University, NJ, USA

Richard A. Yetter

Affiliations and Expertise

Penn State University, University Park, USA

Nick G. Glumac

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Mechanical Science & Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA