Combustion Processes in Propulsion

Combustion Processes in Propulsion

Control, Noise, and Pulse Detonation

1st Edition - October 7, 2005

Write a review

  • Author: Gabriel Roy
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123693945
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080529400

Purchase options

Purchase options
Available
DRM-free (Mobi, PDF, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Chemical propulsion comprises the science and technology of using chemical reactions of any kind to create thrust and thereby propel a vehicle or object to a desired acceleration and speed. Cumbustion Processes in Propulsion focuses on recent advances in the design of very highly efficient, low-pollution-emitting propulsion systems, as well as advances in testing, diagnostics and analysis. It offers unique coverage of Pulse Detonation Engines, which add tremendous power to jet thrust by combining high pressure with ignition of the air/fuel mixture. Readers will learn about the advances in the reduction of jet noise and toxic fuel emissions—something that is being heavily regulated by relevant government agencies.

Key Features

  • Lead editor is one of the world's foremost combustion researchers, with contributions from some of the world's leading researchers in combustion engineering
  • Covers all major areas of chemical propulsion-from combustion measurement, analysis and simulation, to advanced control of combustion processes, to noise and emission control
  • Includes important information on advanced technologies for reducing jet engine noise and hazardous fuel combustion emissions

Readership

Professional engineers in mechanical, aerospace, and chemical engineering, particularly those involved with combustion engineering. Manufacturing engineers in the aeronautical and defense industries. Students in mechanical, aerospace, materials and chemical engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1:Simultaneous Velocity and Temperature Field Measurements of a Jet Flame
    L. Lourenco and E. Koc-Alkislar
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Test Arrangement and Results
    1.3 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 2: Infrared Absorption Tomography for Active Combustion Control
    F. C. Gouldin and J. L. Edwards
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Absorption Tomography
    2.3 Infrared Absorption and Flow Facility
    2.4 Proper Orthogonal Decomposition
    2.5 Results
    2.6 Concluding Remarks
    References

    Chapter 3: Deterministic and Probabilistic Approaches for Prediction of Two-Phase Turbulent Flow in Liquid-Fuel Combustors
    G. B. Jacobs, R.V.R. Pandya, B. Shotorban, Z. Gao, and F. Mashayek
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Direct Numerical Simulation of Countercurrent Shear Flow
    3.3 Probability Density Function Modeling
    3.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 4: Large-Scale Simulations of Turbulent Combustion and Propulsion Systems
    A. Afshari and F. A. Jaberi
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Theoretical/Computational Approach
    4.3 Results and Discussion
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 5: Direct Simulation of Primary Atomization
    D. P. Schmidt
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Past Work
    5.3 Objectives
    5.4 Methodology
    5.5 Tasks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 6: Extinction and Relight in Opposed Premixed Flames
    E. Korusoy and J.H. Whitelaw
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Experimental Setup
    6.3 Results
    6.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 7: In uence of Markstein Number on the Parametric Acoustic Instability
    N. J. Killingsworth and R. C. Aldredge
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Experimental Procedure
    7.3 Results
    7.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 8: Prevaporized JP-10 Combustion and the Enhanced Production of Turbulence Using Countercurrent Shear
    D. J. Forliti, A.A. Behrens, B.A. Tang, and P. J. Strykowski
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Prevaporized JP-10 Combustion
    8.3 Combustion Facilities
    8.4 Results and Discussion: Combustion Studies
    8.5 Enhanced Production of Turbulence
    8.6 Shear Layer Facility
    8.7 Results and Discussion: Shear Layer Studies
    8.8 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 9: Mixing Control for Jet Flows
    M. Krsti
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Jet Flow Model and Simulation Techniques
    9.3 Simulation of Open-Loop Jet Flow
    9.4 Destabilization and Mixing of Massless Particles
    9.5 Mixing of Particles with Mass
    9.6 Mixing of Passive Scalar
    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 10: Characteristics and Control of a Multiswirl Spray Combustor
    E. J. Gutmark, G. Li, and S. Abraham
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Experimental Setup 10.3 Results and Discussions
    10.4 Particle Image Velocimetry Results
    10.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 11: Swirling Jet Systems for Combustion Control
    F. F. Grinstein and T. R. Young
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Numerical Simulation Model
    11.3 Swirl Initial Conditions
    11.4 Results and Discussion
    11.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 12: Control of Flame Structure in Spray Combustion
    A. K. Gupta, B. Habibzadeh, S. Archer, and M. Linck
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Experimental Facility
    12.3 Results
    12.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments References

    Chapter 13: Porous Media Burners for Clean Engines
    J. J. Witton and E. Noordally
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Experimental Setup
    13.3 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments References

    Chapter 14:Simulations of a Porous Burner for a Gas Turbine
    J. L. Ellzey, A. J. Barra, and G. Diepvens
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Numerical Method
    14.3 Results
    14.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 15: Characteristics and Control of Combustion Instabilities in a Swirl-Stabilized Spray Combustor
    S. Acharya and J.H. Uhm
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Experimental Setup
    15.3 Results and Discussions
    15.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 16: Combustion and Mixing Control Studies for Advanced Propulsion
    B. Pang, S. Cipolla, O. Hsu, V. Nenmeni, and K. Yu
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Vortex-Stabilized Flames and Heat Release
    16.3 Dump Combustor Characterization and
    Liquid-Fueled Active Control
    16.4 High-Enthalpy Inlet Experiment and Critical Fuel-Flux Model
    16.5 Passive Control of Supersonic Mixing
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 17: Active Pattern Factor Control on an Advanced Combustor
    S. C. Creighton and J.A. Lovett
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 Fuel Delivery System
    17.3 Fuel Control Valves
    17.4 Optical Sensors
    17.5 Computational Results
    17.6 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments References

    Chapter 18: System Design Methods for Simultaneous Optimal Control of Combustion Instabilities and Efficency
    W. T. Baumann, W. R. Saunders, and U. Vandsburger
    18.1 Introduction
    18.2 Pulsed and Subharmonic Control
    18.3 Least-Mean-Square-Based Algorithms
    18.4 Direct Optimization Algorithms
    18.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 19: Model-Based Optimal Active Control of Liquid-Fueled Combustion Systems
    D. Wee, S. Park, T. Yi, A. M. Annaswamy, and A. F. Ghoniem
    19.1 Introduction
    19.2 Shear-Flow Driven Combustion Instability
    19.3 A Recursive Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Algorithm for Flow Control Problems
    19.4 Adaptive Low-Order Posi-Cast Control of a Combustor Test-Rig Model
    19.5 Concluding Remarks Acknowledgments
    References

    SECTION TWO:HIGH-SPEED JET NOISE
    Chapter 1: Aeroacoustics and Emissions Studies of Swirling Combustor Flows
    S. H. Frankel, J. P. Gore, and L. Mongeau
    1.1 Introduction 1.2 Previous Work
    1.3 Preliminary Work
    1.4 Future Plan
    1.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 2: Considerations for the Measurement of Very-High-Amplitude Noise Fields
    A. A. Atchley and T.B. Gabrielson
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Technical Approach
    2.3 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 3: High-Speed Jet Noise Reduction Using Microjets
    A. Krothapalli, B. Greska, and V. Arakeri
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Experimental Setup and Procedures
    3.3 Results and Discussion
    3.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments References

    Chapter 4: Acoustic Test Flight Results with Prediction for the F/A-18 E/F Aircraft During FCLP Mission
    J. M. Seiner, L. Ukeiley, and B. J. Jansen
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Acoustic Flight-Test Preparation
    4.3 Systems Noise Prediction of Flight-Test Points
    4.4 Model-Scale Developments
    4.5 Bluebell Nozzle Application
    4.6 Concluding Remarks and Future Plans
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 5: Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Supersonic Jet-Noise Reduction Concepts
    S. M. Dash, D.C. Kenzakowski, C. Kannepalli,
    J. D. Chenoweth, and N. Sinha
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Microjet Injection Studies
    5.3 F/A-18 E/F Model Studies
    5.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    SECTION THREE:PULSE DETONATION ENGINES
    Chapter 1: Investigation of Spray Detonation Characteristics Using a Controlled, Homogeneously Seeded Two-Phase Mixture
    B. M. Knappe and C. F. Edwards
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Experimental Setup: Tube Seeding
    1.3 Experimental Setup: Detonation Tube
    1.4 Results: Two-Phase Mixture Homogeneity
    1.5 Results: Two-Phase Detonation of Hexane
    1.6 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 2: Deagration-to-Detonation Studies for Multicycle PDE Applications
    R. J. Santoro, S.-Y. Lee, C. Conrad, J. Brumberg,
    S. Saretto, S. Pal, and R.D. Woodward
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Experimental Setup
    2.3 Results and Discussion
    2.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 3: Initiator Diraction Limits in a Pulse Detonation Engine
    C. M. Brophy, J.O. Sinibaldi, and D. W. Netzer
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Experimental Setup
    3.3 Results
    3.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 4: The Role of Geometrical Factors in Deagration-to-Detonation Transition
    N. N. Smirnov, V. F. Nikitin, V. M. Shevtsova, and J.C. Legros
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Numerical Studies of Combustion Propagation Regimes
    4.3 Turbulizing Chambers at the Ignition Section
    4.4 Turbulizing Chambers along the Tube
    4.5 Turbulizing Chambers at the Far-End of the Tube
    4.6 Effect of Initial Temperature
    4.7 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 5: Pseudospark-Based Pulse Generator for Corona-Assisted Combustion Experiments
    A. Kuthi, J. Liu, C. Young, L.-C. Lee, and M. Gundersen
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Design
    5.3 Operation
    5.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 6: Breakup of Droplets under Shock Impact
    C. Segal, A. Chandy, and D. Mikolaitis
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Experimental Setup
    6.3 Results
    6.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 7: Impulse Production by Injecting Fuel-Rich Combustion Products in Air
    A. A. Borisov
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Experimental Study
    7.3 Experimental Results
    7.4 Numerical Modeling
    7.5 Discussion
    7.6 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 8: Thermodynamic Evaluation of the
    Dual-Fuel PDE Concept

    S. M. Frolov and N.M. Kuznetsov
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Liquid-Vapor Phase Equilibrium Curves for Individual Components
    8.3 Calculation of the Total Pressure of Two-Phase System at Isotherms
    8.4 Results of Total Pressure Calculations
    8.5 Calculation of Activity CoeÆcients and Gas-Phase Composition
    8.6 Ideal Solution Approximation
    8.7 Ternary System Water - Hydrogen Peroxide - Air
    8.8 Ternary System Water - Hydrogen Peroxide - Jet Propulsion Fuel
    8.9 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 9: Thermal Decomposition of JP-10 Studied by Microflow Tube Pyrolysis{Mass Spectrometry)
    R. J. Green, S. Nakra, and S. L. Anderson
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Experimental Setup .
    9.3 Results and Discussion
    9.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 10: Laser Diagnostics and Combustion Chemistry for Pulse Detonation Engines
    R. K. Hanson, D.W. Mattison, L. Ma, D. F. Davidson, and S. T. Sanders
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Wavelength-Agile Temperature and Pressure Sensor
    10.3 Propane Sensor
    10.4 Ethylene-Based Active Control
    10.5 Two-Phase Mixture Diagnostic
    10.6 Shock-Tube Studies
    10.7 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 11: Computational Studies of Pulse Detonation Engines
    K. Kailasanath, C. Li, and S. Cheatham
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Performance Estimates of an Idealized Pulse Detonation
    Engine
    11.3 Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis . .
    11.4 Detonation Transition
    11.5 Multiphase Detonations
    11.6 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 12: Simulation of Direct Initiation of Detonation Using Realistic Finite-Rate Models
    K.-S. Im and S.-T. J. Yu
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Theoretical Model
    12.3 Results and Discussions
    12.4 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 13: System Performance and Thrust Chamber Optimization of Air-Breathing Pulse Detonation Engines
    V. Yang, F. H. Ma, and J. Y. Choi
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Effect of Nozzle Conguration on PDE Performance
    13.3 Single-Tube Thrust Chamber Dynamics
    13.4 Multitube Thrust Chamber Dynamics
    13.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Chapter 14: Software Development for Automated Parametric Study and Performance Optimization of Pulse Detonation Engines
    J. L. Cambier and M.R. Amin
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Object-Oriented Design
    14.3 Virtual Design Environment
    14.4 Approach and Results
    14.5 Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgments
    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2005
  • Published: October 7, 2005
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123693945
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080529400

About the Author

Gabriel Roy

Affiliations and Expertise

Manager, Energy Conversion Propulsion Program Office of Naval Research, U.S. Navy

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Combustion Processes in Propulsion"