Colloidal Organization

Colloidal Organization

1st Edition - June 9, 2015

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  • Author: Tsuneo Okubo
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128023747
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128021637

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Colloidal Organization presents a chemical and physical study on colloidal organization phenomena including equilibrium systems such as colloidal crystallization, drying patterns as an example of a dissipative system and similar sized aggregation. This book outlines the fundamental science behind colloid and surface chemistry and the findings from the author’s own laboratory. The text goes on to discuss in-depth colloidal crystallization, gel crystallization, drying dissipative structures of solutions, suspensions and gels, and similar-sized aggregates from nanosized particles. Special emphasis is given to the important role of electrical double layers in colloidal suspension. Written for students, scientists and researchers both in academia and industry and chemical engineers working in the fields of colloid and surface chemistry, biological chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, chemical technology, and polymer technology this book will help them to exploit recent developments recognizing the potential applications of colloid science in enhancing the efficiency of their processes or the quality and range of their products.

Key Features

  • Written by world leading expert in the field of colloids and surface chemistry
  • Outlines the underlying fundamental science behind colloidal organization phenomena
  • Written in an easy and accessible style, utilizing full color and minimal usage of mathematical equations


Students, scientists and researchers in academia and industry and chemical engineers working in the fields of colloid and surface chemistry, biological chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, chemical technology, and polymer technology

Table of Contents

    • Preface to the Edition
    • 1. Introduction
      • 1.1. Common Colloidal Dispersions
      • 1.2. Pioneers in the Field of Colloid and Surface Science
    • 2. Fundamentals of Colloid and Surface Chemistry
      • 2.1. Substances are the Sum of their Elementary Particles
      • 2.2. Properties of Substances are Originated from the Thermal Movement of the Elementary Particles
      • 2.3. Instability at Interfaces Plays an Important Role for the Interfacial Phenomena
      • 2.4. Various Types of Solutes in Aqueous Media
      • 2.5. Most Colloidal Particles are Charged Negatively in Water
      • 2.6. Ion-Binding of Colloidal Particles
      • 2.7. Electrical Double Layers
      • 2.8. Stability of Colloidal Dispersion and DLVO Theory
      • 2.9. Diffusion, Rotational Relaxation, Light Scattering, Viscosity, and Viscoelasticity
      • 2.10. Electrokinetic Phenomena
      • 2.11. Kinetic Analyses in Colloidal Organization
      • 2.12. Close-Up Color Pictures, Optical Microscopy, and Reflection Spectroscopy
      • 2.13. Microgravity Experiments
      • 2.14. Why Does Colloidal Organization Take Place?
      • 2.15. From Atoms to Galaxies
      • 2.16. Synthetic and Biological Colloidal Particles
    • 3. Colloidal Crystallization
      • 3.1. Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.2. Why Colloidal Crystals Form
      • 3.3. Morphologic Characteristics and Phase Diagram of Colloidal Single Crystals
      • 3.4. Lattice Structure of Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.5. Distorted Colloidal Crystal, Ordered Colloidal Liquid, and Colloidal Liquid
      • 3.6. Alloy Crystals of Colloidal Mixtures
      • 3.7. Kinetics of Colloidal Crystallization
      • 3.8. Static and Dynamic Light-Scattering Measurements
      • 3.9. Structural Relaxation Times of Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.10. Rigidity of Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.11. Viscosity and Viscoelasticity of Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.12. Physicochemical Properties
      • 3.13. External Field Effects on Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.14. Colloidal Crystallization in Microgravity
      • 3.15. Two-Dimensional Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.16. Biological Colloidal Crystals
      • 3.17. New Colloidal Crystal Systems
      • 3.18. Application of Colloidal Crystals
    • 4. Gel Crystallization
      • 4.1. Gel Crystals
      • 4.2. Preparation and Characterization of Gel Spheres
      • 4.3. Morphologic Characteristics and Phase Diagram of Type 1 Gel Crystals
      • 4.4. Lattice Structures of Type 1 Gel Crystals
      • 4.5. Kinetics of Type 1 Gel Crystallization
      • 4.6. Importance of Electrical Double Layers on Type 1 Gel Crystallization
      • 4.7. Rigidity of Type 1 Gel Crystals
      • 4.8. Type 1 Gel Crystals Composed of Gel and Colloidal Hard Spheres
      • 4.9. Type 2 Gel Crystals
      • 4.10. External Field Effects on Type 2 Gel Crystals
      • 4.11. Type 3 Gel Crystals
      • 4.12. Type 3 Gel Crystals Observed in Drying Patterns
      • 4.13. Conclusion and Future Perspectives
    • 5. Drying Patterns of Dispersions and Solutions
      • 5.1. Cooperative Processes from Wetting to Solidification
      • 5.2. Convectional Patterns
      • 5.3. Sedimentary Patterns
      • 5.4. Drying Patterns of Colloidal Hard Spheres
      • 5.5. Poly(N-Butyl Acrylate) Spheres
      • 5.6. Nonspherical Particles
      • 5.7. Synthetic Polymers
      • 5.8. Biological Polymers
      • 5.9. Surface-Active Agents
      • 5.10. Dyes, Low-Molecular-Weight Organic Substances and Simple Electrolytes
      • 5.11. Unique Drying Patterns
      • 5.12. Microgravity Experiments on the Drying Patterns
      • 5.13. Transferring Information during the Course of Drying Suspensions and Solutions on the Substrates
      • 5.14. Film Formation and Drying Patterns
      • 5.15. Conclusions and Future Perspectives
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 446
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2015
  • Published: June 9, 2015
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128023747
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128021637

About the Author

Tsuneo Okubo

Professor Tsuneo OKUBO was born in Tsubame, Niigata, Japan in 1941, and graduated from the Department of Fiber Chemistry of Kyoto University, Japan in 1961. He studied polymer physics and awarded Master and Doctor of Engineering in 1966 and 1971, respectively at the same university. He joined the Department of Polymer Chemistry as a Research Assistant in 1969 and was appointed Associate Professor in 1978 at the same department. He was a research Associate with Professor N.J. Turro at Columbia University, USA in 1978 and 1979. He was promoted to full Professor at the Department of Applied Chemistry of Gifu University in 1996. He retired from the Gifu University and was appointed Professor Emeritus from the same university in 2004. He founded the Institute for Colloidal Organization at Kyoto in 2004 and the Head Professor of the Institute. He was also appointed Guest Professor of Yamagata University in 2004. He was awarded the Polymer Science Award in 1978. He was the Chair of International Advisory Board of Electro-optics series 2006 to 2010. He is an Editorial Board of the International journal, Colloid Polymer Science in 2008. His research interests include the physical chemistry of polyelectrolyte solutions & colloidal dispersions including microgravity experiments and colloidal organization phenomena including colloidal crystal, drying patterns and similar sized aggregation.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Colloidal Organization, Gifu University, Kyoto, Japan

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