Coelenterate Biology  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125121507, 9780323147545

Coelenterate Biology

1st Edition

Reviews and New Perspectives

Editors: Leonard Muscatine
eBook ISBN: 9780323147545
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1974
Page Count: 512
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Coelenterate Biology: Reviews and New Perspectives highlights research areas in which coelenterates are exceptionally useful and interesting experimental animals. It outlines the state of knowledge in coelenterate research and draws attention to some of the challenging problems that are amenable for study. Coelenterates offer valuable material for many levels of inquiry—from the population and organismic to the cellular, subcellular, and molecular levels. They are especially attractive animals for studies in developmental biology and behavior.
The book begins by discussing cnidarians histology, focusing on the light and electron microscopy of cnidarian tissues. There are separate chapters on the skeletal system of cnidarians; the morphology, functions, and chemistry of nematocytes; and a few aspects of the enormous subject of cnidarian development. The subsequent chapters deal with cnidarian neurobiology, behavior, locomotion, flotation, and dispersal; experimental studies on algae-cnidarian symbioses; and coelenterate bioluminescence. The book concludes with a discussion of the systems of coordination and nervous system of ctenophores.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


I Cnidarian Histology

I. General Introduction

II. Muscle

III. Nervous and Epithelial Conducting Cells

IV. Epithelial Tissue

V. Mesoglea

VI. Interstitial Cells and Amoebocytes

VII. Gonads and Gametes

VIII. Cnidoblasts, Cnidocytes, and Nematocysts


II The Skeletal System

I. Introduction: The Skeletal System

II. The Hydraulic Endoskeleton

III. The Mesoskeleton

IV. The Exoskeleton

V. Subsidiary Functions of the Skeletal System

VI. Interrelationship of Skeletal Components


III Nematocysts

I. Introduction

II. The Morphology of Nematocysts

III. The Functioning of Nematocysts

IV. The Functions of Nematocysts and Spirocysts

V. The Chemistry of Nematocysts

VI. Utilization of Nematocysts by Non-cnidarians

VII. Public Health Aspects of Nematocysts


IV Development

I. Introduction

II. Sexual Reproduction and Embryogenesis

III. Pattern Formation

IV. Role of Skeletal Elements in Differentiation

V. Cell Growth and Differentiation

VI. Tissue Morphogenesis

VII. Conclusions


V On the Mechanism of Action and Evolution of Receptors Associated with Feeding and Digestion

I. Introduction

II. Feeding Response

III. Digestion

IV. Evolution of Receptor Sites


VI Cnidarian Neurobiology

I. Introduction

II. Conducting Systems: Nerve Nets and Excitable Epithelia

III. The Initiation of Activity: Pacemakers and Sensors

IV. Effectors and Their Control

V. Some Outstanding Problems


VII Behavior Patterns in Associations and Interactions with Other Animals

I. Introduction

II. Behavior Patterns in Commensal Associations

III. Interactions Leading to Detachment, Locomotion, or Avoidance

IV. Discussion

V. Conclusions


VIII Locomotion, Flotation, and Dispersal

I. Introduction

II. Locomotion

III. Flotation

IV. Dispersal


IX Endosymbiosis of Cnidarians and Algae

I. Introduction

II. The Association of Hydra and Zoochlorellae

III. The Association of Marine Cnidarians and Zooxanthellae


X Coelenterate Bioluminescence

I. Introduction

II. Biochemical Mechanisms

III. Morphology and Localization of the Luminescent Tissues

IV. Physiological Control Mechanisms of Luminescence

V. The Function of Bioluminescence in Coelenterates


XI Recent Studies on the Ctenophora

I. Introduction

II. Systems of Coordination

III. The Nervous System of Ctenophores

IV. Macrocilia of Beroe

V. Conclusions


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1974
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Leonard Muscatine

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