Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444595096, 9780444595119

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

1st Edition

Volume 3: Case Studies – Coal Fires

Editors: Glenn B. Stracher Anupma Prakash Ellina V. Sokol
eBook ISBN: 9780444595119
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444595096
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 20th November 2014
Page Count: 816
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Description

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science.

This third of four volumes in the collection, Coal Fires – Case Studies, examines in detail specific coal fires chronicled in a number of locations around the world including Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Poland, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, the United States, Venezuela, and others.

Key Features

  • Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires
  • Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented
  • Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and informative videos

Readership

Mineralogists, petrologists, coal geologists, geophysicists, mining engineers, environmental and remote sensing scientists, and anyone involved in technical aspects of coal mining, coal fires, and combustion metamorphism.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface to Volume 1
  • Preface to Volume 2
  • Preface to Volume 3
  • Acknowledgments
  • List of Contributors
  • Volume 3
  • Chapter 1. Spontaneous Combustion in Open-Cut Coal Mines: Australian Experience and Research
    • 1.1. Causes and Controlling Factors of Self-Heating
    • 1.2. Mine Spoil Piles
    • 1.3. Atmospheric Emissions
    • 1.4. Control and Prevention of Self-Heating in Spoil
    • 1.5. Précis
  • Chapter 2. Nanominerals and Ultrafine Particles from Brazilian Coal Fires
    • 2.1. Nanominerals and Ultrafine Particles
  • Chapter 3. Remote and In situ Mapping of Coal Fires: Case Studies from China and India
    • 3.1. Remote Sensing of Coal Fires
    • 3.2. In Situ Mapping of Coal Fires in Wuda, Inner Mongolia
    • 3.3. Coal Fire Green House Gas Emission
  • Chapter 4. Coal Combustion and Mineralization in the Helan Shan Mountains of Northern China
    • 4.1. Coal Combustion and Mineralization in the Helan Shan Mountains
  • Chapter 5. Mineralogy of Burning-Coal Waste Piles in Collieries of the Czech Republic
    • 5.1. Mineralogy of Burning-Coal Waste Piles
  • Chapter 6. Combustion Metamorphism in the Most Basin, Czech Republic
    • 6.1. Combustion Metamorphism in the Most Basin
  • Chapter 7. Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany
    • 7.1. Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump
  • Chapter 8. Geothermal Utilization of Smoldering Mining Dumps
    • 8.1. Smoldering Mining Dumps
    • 8.2. Pilot Plant
    • 8.3. Geothermal Utilization
  • Chapter 9. Impact of Mining Activities on Land Use Land Cover in the Jharia Coalfield, India
    • 9.1. The Jharia Coalfield
    • 9.2. Changes in Land Use Land Cover
  • Chapter 10. Stone-Tool Workshops of the Hatrurim Basin, Israel: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Rock Mechanics of Lithic Industrial Materials
    • 10.1. Stone-Tool Workshops of the Hatrurim Basin, Israel
  • Chapter 11. Geophysical Studies of Pyrometamorphic and Hydrothermal Rocks of the Nabi Musa Mottled Zone, Vicinity of the Dead Sea Transform, Israel
    • 11.1. Geophysical studies of the Nabi Musa Mottled Zone, Israel
  • Chapter 12. Preliminary Assessment of the Coal Fires of Malawi
    • 12.1. Coal Fires of Malawi
  • Chapter 13. Fire Prevention in Coal Waste Dumps: Exemplified by the Rymer Cones, Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland
    • 13.1. Coal Waste Dump Fires
    • 13.2. Technology for Fire Prevention and Reclamation
    • 13.3. Monitoring Rymer Cones and Implementing Fire Mitigation
  • Chapter 14. Thermal Transformations of Waste Rock at the Starzykowiec Coal Waste Dump, Poland
    • 14.1. The Starzykowiec Coal Waste Dump
    • 14.2. Research Procedures
    • 14.3. Analytical Results
  • Chapter 15. The Thermal History of Select Coal-Waste Dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland
    • 15.1. Coal-Waste Dumps
    • 15.2. Characteristics of Waste Dumps in Poland
    • 15.3. Monitoring Self-heating Processes
    • 15.4. Results of Waste Dump Monitoring
    • 15.5. Self-heating and Fire Prevention
  • Chapter 16. Coal Mining and Combustion in the Coal Waste Dumps of Poland
    • 16.1. Coal Mining and Waste Dumps in Poland
  • Chapter 17. Mineral Transformations and Actinide Transport: Combustion Metamorphism in the Wojkowice Coal-Waste Dump, Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland
    • 17.1. Mineral Transformations and Actinide Transport in the Wojkowice Coal Dump, Poland
  • Chapter 18. Mineralogy and Magnetic Parameters of Materials Resulting from the Mining and Consumption of Coal from the Douro Coalfield, Northwest Portugal
    • 18.1. Mineralogy and Magnetic Parameters of Materials from the Douro Coalfield, Northwest Portugal
  • Chapter 19. Ancient Coal Fires on the Southwestern Periphery of the Kuznetsk Basin, West Siberia, Russia: Geology and Geochronology
    • 19.1. Coal Fires in the Kuznetsk Basin, Russia
  • Chapter 20. Ellestadite-Group Minerals in Combustion Metamorphic Rocks
    • 20.1. Ellestadite-Group Minerals in Combustion Metamorphic Rocks
  • Chapter 21. Fayalite from Paralavas Associated with Natural Coal Fires: Combustion Metamorphic Complexes in the Kuznetsk Coal Basin, Russia
    • 21.1. Fayalite, Paralavas, and Combustion Metamorphic Complexes in the Kuznetsk Basin, Russia
  • Chapter 22. Mineralogy and Origin of Fayalite–Sekaninaite Paralava: Ravat Coal Fire, Central Tajikistan
    • 22.1. Mineralogy and Origin of Fayalite–Sekaninaite Paralava: Ravat Coal Fire, Central Tajikistan
  • Chapter 23. The “Volcanoes” of Midwestern Venezuela
    • 23.1. The “Volcanoes” of Midwestern Venezuela
  • Chapter 24. Coal-Fire Hazard Mapping in High-Latitude Coal Basins: A Case Study from Interior Alaska
    • 24.1. High-Latitude Coal Fires
    • 24.2. Case Study from Interior Alaska
  • Chapter 25. Anthracite Coal-Mine Fires of Northeastern Pennsylvania
    • 25.1. Anthracite Coal Fires of Northeastern Pennsylvania
  • Chapter 26. Historic Record of Coal Fires in the Richmond Basin, Virginia
    • 26.1. Historic Record of Coal Fires in the Richmond Basin, Virginia
  • Chapter 27. Coal Fires of the Pacific Northwest, USA
    • 27.1. Coal Fires of the Pacific Northwest, USA
  • Chapter 28. Combustion Mineralogy and Petrology of Oil-Shale Slags in Lapanouse, Sévérac-le-Château, Aveyron, France: Analogies with Hydrocarbon Fires
    • 28.1. Combustion Mineralogy of Oil-Shale Slags
  • Chapter 29. A Review of Coal-Fire Sampling Methods
    • 29.1. A Review of Coal-Fire Sampling Methods
  • Additional Case Studies
  • Author Index
  • Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
816
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780444595119
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444595096

About the Editor

Glenn B. Stracher

Glenn B. Stracher

Dr. Glenn B. Stracher is Professor Emeritus of Geology and Physics at East Georgia State College, University System of Georgia, Swainsboro, Georgia, USA. After receiving his M.S. in Geology and a Ph.D. in Geology and Engineering Mechanics from the University of Nebraska, he served as a Lady Davis Scholar at the Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He was also nominated by the United Nations as a Fulbright Scholar while in graduate school before completing his postdoctoral work in Israel. Dr. Stracher is the former chair of the Geological Society of America’s Coal Geology Division and served on the society’s External Awards Committee. He is the co-author of three chemical thermodynamics books, published in English and Japanese and taught graduate level courses in this subject at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. In 2010, he was named a University System of Georgia “Shining Star,” by the state’s Board of Regents, for excellence in research and teaching. In 2015, he was named a Geological Society of America Fellow for his contributions to coal-fires science.

Trained as a structural geologist, mineralogist, and metamorphic petrologist, the main focus of his research since 1995; and for which he is internationally known, is coal fires burning around the world. In addition to numerous peer-reviewed publications about coal fires, he has convened coal-fires symposia with the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Geological Society of America (GSA), and led four GSA National coal-fires field trips. Dr. Stracher is the editor of the Geological Society of America book, Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World. He also edited the International Journal of Coal Geology special publication, Coal Fires Burning Around the World: A Global Catastrophe.

His latest project is a four-volume book published by Elsevier and entitled Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective http://www.elsevierdirect.com/brochures/coalpeatfires/index.html

The China University of Mining and Technology in Xuzhou, Jiangsu, has invited him to teach short courses about coal and peat fires using this four-volume book. He has also received an invitation to visit and do research at Tianjin University in China.

Dr. Stracher appears in two National Geographic Channel (NGC) movies about coal-fires: Wild Fires, part of a seven part NGC series entitled Built for Destruction, and the more recent movie, Underground Inferno, that has won several international film-festival awards. Currently, he is working with historian Timo Hauge at the German Mining Museum in Bochum, Germany, on a permanent display about mine fires. The display in the 37,000 square foot museum will open in 2018 and feature much of Dr. Stracher’s work, as well as photos taken by Glenn and Janet Stracher during their numerous field expeditions. The German Mining Museum is the most famous mining museum in the world. The web address of the museum is: http://www.bergbaumuseum.de/index.php/en.

Dr. Glenn B. Stracher and his wife, Janet, were recently the guests of four universities in China, where Dr. Stracher gave six presentations. In addition to the 2,000 page, four-volume book Dr. Stracher published with Elsevier, entitled Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, he recently signed a contract with the company to publish a fifth volume entitled Coal and Peat Fires: New Global Perspectives. The latest work is scheduled for publication late in 2017 or 2018. The fifth volume will include contributions from engineers and scientists in China. The Strachers have been invited to return to China at a later date, where Dr. Stracher would serve as a visiting professor at the China University of Mining and Technology and the Xi’an University of Science and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

East Georgia State College, Swainsboro, GA, USA

Anupma Prakash

Anupma Prakash

Anupma Prakash is Professor of Geophysics (Remote Sensing) at the Department of Geosciences and the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA. After receiving her M.Sc. degree in Geology from Lucknow University, India, and a Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from the Indian Institute of Technology – Roorkee, India, she moved to the Netherlands to work for the International Institute of Geo-information Surveys and Earth Sciences (ITC), Enschede, The Netherlands. She is internationally recognized for her research on the use of remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) techniques for investigating surface and underground coal mine fires. Her coal fire research involves fire detection, mapping, monitoring, depth estimation, characterization and quantitative estimation of environmental impacts.

Affiliations and Expertise

Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA

Ellina V. Sokol

Ellina V. Sokol

Ellina Sokol is a distinguished research scientist at the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk, Siberia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

Reviews

This is the first of four volumes devoted to what might seem like a narrow topic, and yet coal and peat fires involve a confluence of subjects and hold substantial interest for a wide and international audience of scientists and engineers as well as students and the general public. Coverage of the socioeconomic and geoenvironmental impacts as well as the technical aspects of mining and the catastrophic fires themselves make this text suitable for fire, environmental, and remote sensing scientists as well as petrologists, coal geologists, and geophysicists; industry personnel; and anyone interested in pollution and the by-products of combustion." -- Reference and Research Book News, February 2013

"Volume 2 of this encyclopedic work (Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective) has recently been published by Elsevier. This 554 page volume contains 24 chapters describing fires in 23 countries. The informative discussions are beautifully enhanced with more than 1100 illustrations, most in full color! Associated with this tome is an extraordinary array of on-line photographs, movies, radio talk show discussions, slide presentations, etc. related to coal and peat fires. This volume is not only an important scientific contribution and a work of art but it is what every scholarly book should be - a total sensory immersion into a fascinating topic." -- Dr. Robert B. Finkelman, Research Professor in the Dept. of Geosciences at the University of Texas at Dallas and an Adjunct Professor at the China University of Geosciences, Beijing