Volume 13. Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

1st Edition

Understanding and Perspectives from Forest Research

Series Volume Editors:

Description

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research” for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services.

Key Features

  • Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs
  • Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts
  • Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

Readership

Forestry scientists, environmental scientists, policy makers

Table of Contents

Series Page

Contributors

Preface

Part I: Introduction into the Scope and Structure of the Book

Chapter 1. Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges: Understanding and Perspectives from Forest Research

Abstract

1.1 Why Write This Book?

1.2 Aims, Scope and Rationale

1.3 Overview of the Book’s Structure

Acknowledgements

References

Part II: Interactions Between Trace Gases, Climate Change and Vegetation

Chapter 2. Gaseous Exchange Between Forests and the Atmosphere

Abstract

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Trace Gas Emissions from the Forest Floor

2.3 Effects of Forest Fires

2.4 Ozone Deposition

2.5 Interactions with Atmospheric Composition and Climate

2.6 Conclusions and Further Research Directions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 3. Nutrients or Pollutants? Nitrogen Deposition to European Forests

Abstract

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Effects of Nitrogen Deposition to Forest Ecosystems

3.3 The Components of Nitrogen Deposition

3.4 Recent Developments to Assess Effects on Tree Growth

3.5 Policy Relevance of the Knowledge on Nitrogen Deposition

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 4. Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and Their Impacts on Biosphere–Atmosphere Interactions

4.1 Generalities on Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds

4.2 BVOC and the Atmosphere: Fluxes and Concentrations (Sinks, Sources)

4.3 BVOC and Plant Physiology and Ecology: Membrane Protection, Anti-oxidants, Plant Communication

4.4 BVOC and Climate Change: Warmer = More Fragrant World?

References

Chapter 5. Air Pollution Risks to Northern European Forests in a Changing Climate

Abstract

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Interactions and Feedbacks

5.3 Risk of Impacts

5.4 Discussion

Details

No. of pages:
648
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780080983424
Print ISBN:
9780080983493

About the series-volume-editors

Rainer Matyssek

Affiliations and Expertise

Technische Universität München, Germany

N Clarke

Affiliations and Expertise

Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute

P. Cudlin

Affiliations and Expertise

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic

T.N. Mikkelsen

Affiliations and Expertise

Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

J-P. Tuovinen

Affiliations and Expertise

Finnish Meteorological Institute

G Wieser

Affiliations and Expertise

Federal Office and Research Centre for Forests

E. Paoletti

Affiliations and Expertise

IPP-CNR

Reviews

"...invaluable and indispensible for all who wish to take part in the discussion on an informed level and especially for those who are in a position where they need to make sociopolitical decisions…"--Journal of Forest Science, 60, 2014 (8)

"This is the report from a 2009-13 study…to increase understanding of the state of forest ecosystems and their potential to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment; and to reconcile process-oriented research, long-term monitoring, and applied modeling at comprehensive forest research sites to be established."--ProtoView.com, April 2014