Citrus Fruit

Citrus Fruit

Biology, Technology, and Evaluation

2nd Edition - June 24, 2022

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  • Author: Milind Ladaniya
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323993067

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Citrus Fruit: Biology, Technology and Evaluation, Second Edition presents a comprehensive view of these globally important crops, from cultivars to consumer acceptability. Now fully revised and updated to address the latest technologies and advancements, along with an exploration of highly current topics, including the impacts of climate and COVID-19, the book presents fresh fruit scenarios from around the globe. Sections explore the challenge of losses, background on fresh citrus cultivars production, factors that impact fruit quality, morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of fruit, fruit maturity, grades, and physico-chemical characteristics before moving into aspects of post-harvest technology. From irradiation and quality control to the nutritive, medicinal and safety aspects, the book presents the wide range of factors that can impact successful citrus crop production, delivery and consumption. Intended as a resource for researchers and scientists dealing with the growth, development and distribution of citrus fruit, the book provides up-to-date coverage on global citrus fruit production and practices.

Key Features

  • Fully revised and updated release, including new chapters on post-harvest disease management practices and the impact of climate change and COVID-19
  • Includes expanded insights on nutraceuticals, bioactive compounds and antioxidants
  • Presents research data that will be valuable for those involved in the handling and marketing of citrus fruits


Researchers, academics and advanced level students in agriculture and horticultural scientists. Those involved with postharvest management of fruits especially citrus. Those in industrial processing of citrus

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    2. Commercial fresh citrus cultivars and producing countries
    3. Postharvest losses
    4. Pre-harvest factors affecting fruit quality and postharvest life
    5. Fruit morphology, anatomy and physiology
    6. Fruit Biochemistry
    7. Growth, maturity, grade standards and physico-mechanical characteristics of fruit
    8. Harvesting
    9. Preparation for fresh fruit market
    10. Packaging
    11. Storage systems and response of citrus fruits
    12. Transportation
    13. Marketing and distribution
    14. Irradiation
    15. Postharvest diseases and their management
    16. Alternative post-harvest disease management practices
    17. Physiological disorders and their management
    18. Post-harvest treatment for insect control
    19. Fruit quality control, evaluation and analysis
    20. Nutritive and Medicinal value of Citrus fruits
    21. Biotechnological applications
    22. World fresh citrus trade and quarantine issues
    23. Impact of  climate change  and  Covid –19 pandemic on citrus fruit industry 

Product details

  • No. of pages: 575
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: June 24, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323993067

About the Author

Milind Ladaniya

Dr. Ladaniya has worked at ARS at Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru and the National Research Centre for Citrus (NRCC), Nagpur. During his tenure as the Director, NRCC was upgraded by the ICAR to the level of Central Citrus Research Institute. He has made outstanding contributions in developing post-harvest protocols for fresh citrus fruits and has laid a foundation of systematic post-harvest research on citrus fruits. His efforts led to development of quality standards for citrus and most of his technologies find place in package of practices published by APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Products Export Development Authority of India, Ministry of Commerce, India) for Nagpur mandarin. He is the President of the Indian Society of Citriculture and was also a crop (Citrus) Co-ordinator in All India Co-ordinated Research Project for Fruits. A new Regional Research Centre for Citrus (RRCC) has been started at Biswanath Chariali, Assam by CCRI under his stewardship.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Director and Mission Leader (Technology Mission on Citrus) ICAR - Central Citrus Research Institute India, India

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