Chitosan in the Preservation of Agricultural Commodities - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128027356, 9780128027578

Chitosan in the Preservation of Agricultural Commodities

1st Edition

Editors: Silvia Bautista-Baños Gianfranco Romanazzi Antonio Jiménez-Aparicio
eBook ISBN: 9780128027578
Paperback ISBN: 9780128027356
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 7th January 2016
Page Count: 384
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Description

Chitosan in the Preservation of Agricultural Commodities presents a cohesive overview of research topics regarding the production and characterization of chitosan, the development of coatings and fi lms, its functional properties, and antimicrobial potential of this compound on economically important agricultural commodities. It includes the modes of action from a physiological, enzymatic, and molecular perspective, and evaluations of the activity of chitosan nanocomposites and nanoparticles in biological models.

The first section deals with the chemical characteristics and functional properties of chitosan and new chitosan-based biomaterials intended for food preservation. The second section covers various aspects of the control achieved by chitosan on different microorganisms affecting various horticultural commodities, grains, and ornamentals, and its modes of action. The third section explores enzymatic and gene expression induction by chitosan application on fruit and vegetables; the fourth section offers insight on the use of chitosan nanocomposites in biological models associated with food conservation and control of microorganisms.

Key Features

  • Analyzes chitosan chemical and functional properties
  • Explores obtaining, characterizing, and developing chitosan coatings and fi lms for agricultural use
  • Presents functional properties, antimicrobial potential, and modes of action of chitosan from a physiological, enzymatic, and molecular perspective
  • Includes biological models of the activity of chitosan nanocomposites and nanoparticles

Readership

Researchers, academics and students in Agricultural sciences. Those involved in sustainable and organic agriculture and food conservation.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Part 1: Chitosan Obtention and New Materials Based-Chitosan
    • Chapter 1: Chemical Characteristics and Functional Properties of Chitosan
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Chitosan: Definition and sources
      • Physicochemical characteristics
      • Functional properties
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 2: New Bioactive Biomaterials Based on Chitosan
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Physical and chemical characteristics of chitosan
      • Production of chitooligosaccharides (COS)
      • Functionalized chitosan
      • Nanocomposites
      • Applications of chitosan derivatives in agricultural commodities and packaging industry
      • Characterization of chitosan derivatives molecules
      • Concluding remarks
  • Part 2: Biological Activity, and Mode of Action of Chitosan
    • Chapter 3: Application of Chitosan in Fresh and Minimally Processed Fruits and Vegetables
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Apple
      • Asparagus
      • Avocado
      • Banana
      • Broccoli
      • Carrot
      • Citrus
      • Dragon fruit (pitaya)
      • Grapes
      • Green beans
      • Guava
      • Jujube
      • Litchi
      • Mango
      • Mushrooms
      • Papaya
      • Peach
      • Pear
      • Plum
      • Pomegranate
      • Potato
      • Radish
      • Rambutan
      • Raspberry
      • Red bell pepper
      • Squash
      • Strawberries
      • Sweet cherry
      • Sweet pepper
      • Tomato
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 4: Chitosan Protection From Rice Diseases
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Major rice diseases and control methods
      • Antimicrobial activity of chitosan against rice fungal pathogen
      • Induction of rice defense mechanisms by chitosan
      • Chitosan’s protection of rice against diseases under controlled conditions
      • Prospects and problems involved in using chitosan to protect rice
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 5: Integrated Application of Chitosan Coating with Different Postharvest Treatments in the Control of Postharvest Decay and Maintenance of Overall Fruit Quality
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Fruit coatings
      • Properties of chitosan
      • Chitosan in combination with modified atmosphere packaging
      • Chitosan in combination with physical treatments
      • Chitosan in combination with plant derivatives
      • Chitosan in combination with organic polymers
      • Chitosan in combination with organic salts
      • Chitosan in combination with nanocomposites
      • Chitosan in combination with organic acids
      • Chitosan in combination with antagonistic microorganisms
      • Chitosan in combination with ethyl alcohol
      • Chitosan and minimally processed fruit and vegetables
      • Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 6: Use of Chitosan to Control Postharvest Decay of Temperate Fruit: Effectiveness and Mechanisms of Action
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Effects on postharvest decay of fruit
      • Mechanisms of action
      • Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 7: Chitosan and Its Derivatives as Active Ingredients Against Plant Pests and Diseases
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Chemistry and properties of chitosan
      • Biological activity of chitosan against plant diseases and pests
      • Technological applications of chitosan in agricultural diseases and pest control
      • Proposed mechanisms of chitosan action against plant pests and diseases
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 8: Prospects for the Use of Chitosan and Other Alternatives in Ornamental Conservation
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Common phythopathogens of ornamentals
      • Physical alternatives
      • Host plant material resistance
      • Biocontrol
      • Chemical control
      • Alternatives under experimentation
      • Plant growth promotion and effects of plant development
      • Plant extracts and essential oils
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 9: Morphological and Ultrastructural Modifications of Chitosan-Treated Fungal Phytopathogens
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Fungus definition
      • Fungal structures and functions
      • Proposed mechanisms of action of chitosan on fungi
      • In vitro morphological alterations induced by chitosan on fungi
      • In vitro structural alterations induced by chitosan on fungi
      • Cytological changes induced by chitosan in different fungal pathosystems
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
  • Part 3: Biochemical and Molecular Aspects of Chitosan
    • Chapter 10: Biochemical Aspects of the Chitin Fungicidal Activity in Agricultural Uses
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Some mechanisms proposed for the fungicidal activity of chitin
      • Future trends
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 11: Chitosan and Changes in Gene Expression During Fruit–Pathogen Interaction at Postharvest Stage
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Chitosan as a resistance inducer
      • Differential gene expression analysis
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
  • Part 4: Chitosan Bio-Nanocomposites
    • Chapter 12: Chitosan-Based Bionanocomposites: Development and Perspectives in Food and Agricultural Applications
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Chitosan
      • Methods for obtaining nanoparticulated systems
      • Toxicity of chitosan-based NPs
      • Antimicrobial activity of chitosan-based NPs
      • Chitosan-based nanoparticulated systems loaded with bioactive compounds
      • Concluding remarks
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 13: Biological Activity of Chitosan Nanoparticles Against Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria
      • Summary
      • Introduction
      • Potential of nanotechnology in the control of pathogenic fungi and bacteria
      • Biological activity of chitosan in the control of phytopathogenic fungi
      • Biological activity of chitosan nanoparticles in the control of phytopathogenic bacteria
      • Biological activity of chitosan nanoparticles against foodborne pathogens
      • Concluding remarks
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
384
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128027578
Paperback ISBN:
9780128027356

About the Editor

Silvia Bautista-Baños

BSc. in Agronomy. Autonomous Metropolitan University. MSc. in Tropical Fruit Production. National School of Fruit Production. PhD in Plant Sciences. Massey University. Research interest in control of postharvest microorganisms in horticultural commodities and edible flowers by mean of sustainable alternatives.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer and Research Scientist, Postharvest Plant Pathology and Physiology, Centre of Biotic Products, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico

Gianfranco Romanazzi

BSc. in Agricultural Sciences. University of Bari. PhD in Crop Protection, University of Bari.. Research interest on non-conventional methods to control postharvest decay of fruit, and on pathogens affecting the quality of various crops of Mediterranean environment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Plant Pathology and Plant Disease Management, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy

Antonio Jiménez-Aparicio

BSc. Industrial Chemistry. MSc., Ph.D. Food Technology, National Polytechnic Institute.

Research interests: Food Technology, Production of secondary metabolites, cell morphostructure and digital imagenology and microscopy

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer and Research Scientist, Food Science and Technology, Centre of Biotic Products, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico