Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780124455016, 9780323161633

Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses

2nd Edition

Authors: J Levitt
eBook ISBN: 9780323161633
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1980
Page Count: 510
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Responses of Plants to Environmental Stresses, Second Edition, Volume I: Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses encompasses essentially all the environmental stresses that have been intensively investigated. However, this edition does not include mineral deficiencies, which comprise too broad and involve a field to be incorporated with other stresses. This book attempts to analyze the possibilities of developing unified concepts of stress injury and resistance. Organized into four parts, this edition first discusses the stress concepts, particularly the stress and strain terminologies, as well as the nature of stress injury and resistance. Stresses at chilling, freezing, and high-temperatures are addressed separately.

Table of Contents


Preface to the First Edition

I. Sress Concepts

1. Stress and Strain Terminology

A. Physical Stress and Strain

B. Biological Stress and Strain

2. The Nature of Stress Injury and Resistance

A. Stress Injury

B. Stress Resistance

C. Kinds of Stress Tolerance

Bibliography (Preface, Chapters 1-2)

II. Chilling Temperatures

3. Chilling Injury and Resistance

A. Chilling Stress

B. Chilling Injury

C. Chilling Resistance

Bibliography (Chapter 3)

III. Freezing Temperatures

4. Limits of Low-Temperature Tolerance

A. Dehydrated Protoplasm

B. Hydrated Protoplasm

C. Cryoprotectants

5. The Freezing Process

A. The Freezing Stress

B. Extracellular versus Intracellular Freezing

C. Freezing, Undercooling, and Eutectic Points

D. Freeze-Dehydration

E. Measurement of Ice Formation in Plants

6. Freezing Injury

A. Occurrence

B. Primary Direct Freezing Injury

C. The Time Factor in Relation to Injury

D. The Moment of Freezing Injury

E. Primary Indirect Freezing Injury

F. Secondary Freezing Injury

7. Freezing Resistance—Types, Measurement, and Changes

A. Possible Types of Resistance

B. Measurement of Freezing Tolerance

C. Changes in Freezing Tolerance

D. The Nature of Freezing Tolerance

8. Factors Related to Freezing Tolerance

A. Morphology, Anatomy, Organelles

B. Physiological Factors

C. Resistance Induced by Applied Substances

9. Theories of Freezing Injury and Resistance

A. Primary, Direct (Intracellular) Freezing Injury

B. Secondary, Freeze-lnduced Dehydration Injury

10. Molecular Basis of Freezing Injury and Tolerance

A. Evidence for a Molecular Basis

B. Membrane Damage as the Initial Injurious Strain

C. The SH Hypothesis of Freezing Injury

D. Mechanism of Freeze-lnduced Membrane Damage

E. Freezing Resistance and the Hardening Mechanism

F. Metabolic Control of the Hardening Process

Bibliography (Chapters 4-10)

IV. High-Temperature Stress

11. High-Temperature or Heat Stress

A. Quantitative Evaluation of Stress

B. Limit of High-Temperature Survival

C. The Time Factor

D. Occurrence of High-Temperature Stress and Injury in Nature

E. Nature of the Injury

F. Protective Substances

12. Heat Resistance

A. Heat Avoidance

B. Heat Tolerance

C. Molecular Aspects of Thermotolerance

D. Relationship between Thermotolerance and Low-Temperature Tolerance

Bibliography (Chapters 11 and 12)



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© Academic Press 1980
Academic Press
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About the Author

J Levitt

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