Chemistry in Anhydrous, Prototropic Solvents - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080175706, 9781483161006

Chemistry in Anhydrous, Prototropic Solvents

1st Edition

Inorganic Chemistry in Liquid Hydrogen Cyanide and Liquid Hydrogen Fluoride

Authors: Barbara Grüttner Michael F. A. Dove Alan F. Clifford
Editors: Gerhart Jander Hans Spandau
eBook ISBN: 9781483161006
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 340
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Description

Chemistry in Nonaqueous Ionizing Solvents: Volume II — Part 1 investigates the chemical and physico-chemical properties of substances dissolved or suspended in non-aqueous ionizing solvents (also known as water-like solvents). This volume is concerned with chemistry in anhydrous hydrogen cyanide and with inorganic chemistry in liquid hydrogen fluoride. This book is comprised of 35 chapters that cover topics ranging from commercial preparation of hydrogen fluoride to laboratory preparation of pure hydrogen fluoride as well as deuterium and tritium fluorides. Experimental techniques and the apparatus used in investigations of liquid hydrogen fluoride are also described. Subsequent chapters explore health risks and first aid with respect to handling hydrogen fluoride; physical properties of the pure solvent; inorganic solvates; solubilities and reactions of inorganic compounds; and acids and bases and their reactions with each other. The last two chapters are devoted to fluorides of the lanthanides and actinides in hydrogen fluoride. This monograph will be of interest to chemists.

Table of Contents


Part 1 Anorganische Chemie in flüssigem Cyanwasserstoff

1. Das Lösungsmittel flüssiger Cyanwasserstoff

1.1. Physikalische Daten des reinen Solvens

1.2. Struktur des Solvens HCN

2. Das Verhalten anorganischer Verbindungen im Lösungsmittel Cyanwasserstoff

2.1. Additionsverbindungen mit Cyanwasserstoff (Solvate)

2.2. Die Löslichkeit von anorganischen Substanzen und Salzen organischer Ionen in flüssigem Cyanwasserstoff

2.3. Lösungszustand

2.4. Das Solvosystem des flüssigen Cyanwasserstoffs

2.5. Das Verhalten von "Säure-Basen" - Indikatoren in flüssigem wasserfreiem Cyanwasserstoff

2.6. Neutralisationenanaloge Reaktionen in flüssigem Cyanwasserstoff

2.7. Solvolyse-Reaktionen in wasserfreiem Cyanwasserstoff

2.8. Die Erscheinung der Amphoteric in flüssigem Cyanwasserstoff

2.9. Weitere Reaktionen in flüssigem Cyanwasserstoff

3. Das Verhalten organischer Verbindungen im Lösungsmittel Cyanwasserstoff

3.1. Additionsverbindungen mit Cyanwasserstoff (Solvate)

3.2. Die Löslichkeit von organischen Verbindungen in wasserfreiem Cyanwasserstoff

3.3. Lösungszustand

3.4. Solvolysereaktionen organischer Verbindungen in wasserfreiem Cyanwasserstoff

3.5. Bemerkung über weitere Reaktionen organischer Verbindungen in und mit Cyanwasserstoff

4. Literaturverzeichnis

Sachwortverzeichnis

Part 2 Inorganic Chemistry in Liquid Hydrogen Fluoride

1. Commercial Preparation of Hydrogen Fluoride

2. Laboratory Preparation of Pure Hydrogen Fluoride

3. Laboratory Preparation of Deuterium and Tritium Fluorides

4. Preparation of 18 F-Labeled Hydrogen Fluoride

5. Experimental Techniques

5.1. Constructional Materials

5.2. Apparatus

6. Health Risks and First Aid

7. Physical Properties of the Pure Solvent

8. Structure of the Solvent

8.1. Solid Hydrogen Fluoride

8.2. Gaseous Hydrogen Fluoride

8.3. Liquid Hydrogen Fluoride

9. Inorganic Solvates

10. Solubilities and Reactions of Inorganic Compounds

10.1. Introductory Remarks

10.2. Elements

10.3. Halides

10.4. Oxides, Hydroxides, and Salts of Oxyacids

10.5. Azides, Cyanides and Sulphides

10.6. Miscellaneous

11. Acids and Bases

11.1. Formal Definitions

11.2. Quantitative Measurements

11.3. Basic Solutes

11.4. Acidic Solutes

11.5. Neutral Solutes

12. Acid-Base Reactions

12.1. Conductimetric and Tensimetric Titrations

12.2. Preparative Reactions

12.3. Solvolysis of Fluoro Anions

12.4. Amphoteric Behavior

13. Redox Reactions

13.1. Electrode Potentials

13.2. Polarography

13.3. Electrolytic Reactions

13.4. Chemical Agents

14. Complexions

14.1. Fluoro Anions

14.2. Complex Cations

15. H2O-HF System

15.1. Hydrofluoric Acid

15.2. Wet Hydrogen Fluoride

15.3. Hammett Acidity Function

15.4. Phase Diagram

15.5. Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points

15.6. Density Measurements

15.7. Conductivity Measurements

15.8. Infrared Spectroscopy

15.9. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

15.10. Solvent Extraction

16. SO2-HF System

17. Alkali Metal Fluorides in HF

17.1. Lithium Fluoride

17.2. Sodium Fluoride

17.3. Potassium Fluoride

17.4. Rubidium Fluoride

17.5. Cesium Fluoride

18. Ammonium and Substituted Ammonium Fluorides in HF

18.1. Ammonium Fluoride

18.2. Substituted Ammonium Fluorides

19. Group II Metal Fluorides in HF

19.1. Beryllium Fluoride

19.2. Magnesium Fluoride

19.3. Calcium Fluoride

19.4. Strontium Fluoride

19.5. Barium Fluoride

20. Group III Fluorides in HF

20.1. Boron Trifluoride

20.2. Aluminum Trifluoride

20.3. Gallium Fluorides

20.4. Indium Trifluoride

20.5. Thallium Fluorides

21. Group IV Fluorides in HF

21.1. Carbon Fluorides

21.2. Silicon Tetrafluoride

21.3. Germanium Tetrafluoride

21.4. Tin Fluorides

21.5. Lead Fluorides

22. Group V Fluorides in HF

22.1. Nitrogen Fluorides and Oxyfluorides

22.2. Phosphorus Fluorides

22.3. Arsenic Fluorides

22.4. Antimony Fluorides

22.5. Bismuth(IH) Fluoride

23. Group VI Fluorides in HF

23.1. Oxygen Difluoride

23.2. Sulphur Fluorides and Oxyfluorides

23.3. Selenium(IV) Fluoride

23.4. Tellurium (IV) Fluoride

24. Halogen Fluorides in HF

24.1. Chlorine Fluoride

24.2. Bromine Fluorides

24.3. Iodine Fluorides and Oxyfluorides

25. Noble Gas Fluorides in HF

25.1. Krypton(II) Fluoride

25.2. Xenon Fluorides

26. Titanium, Zirconium and Hafnium Fluorides in HF

26.1. Titanium(IV)

26.2. Zirconium(IV)

26.3. Hafnium(IV)

27. Vanadium, Niobium and Tantalum Fluorides in HF

27.1. Vanadium(IV)

27.2. Vanadium(V)

27.3. Niobium(V)

27.4. Tantalum(V)

28. Chromium, Molybdenum and Tungsten Fluorides in HF

28.1. Chromium(III)

28.2. Chromium(VI)

28.3. Molybdenum(V)

28.4. Molybdenum(VI)

28.5. Tungsten(VI)

29. Manganese and Rhenium Fluorides in HF

29.1. Manganese(III)

29.2. Manganese(VII)

29.3. Rhenium(VI)

29.4. Rhenium(VII)

30. Iron, Cobalt and Nickel Fluorides in HF

30.1. Iron

30.2. Cobalt

30.3. Nickel(II)

30.4. Nickel(III)

30.5. Nickel(IV)

31. Palladium, Osmium, and Platinum Fluorides in HF

31.1. Palladium(IV)

31.2. Osmium(VI)

31.3. Platinum(II)

31.4. Platinum(IV)

32. Copper and Silver Fluorides in HF

32.1. Copper(II)

32.2. Silver(I)

32.3. Silver (II)

33. Zinc, Cadmium and Mercury Fluorides in HF

33.1. Zinc(II), Cadmium(II) and Mercury(I)

33.2. Mercury(II)

34. Fluorides of the Lanthanides in HF

35. Fluorides of the Actinides in HF

35.1. Thorium(IV)

35.2. Uranium(IV)

35.3. Uranium(V)

35.4. Uranium(VI)

35.5. Neptunium(IV) and Neptunium(V)

35.6. Plutonium(VI)

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
340
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483161006

About the Author

Barbara Grüttner

Michael F. A. Dove

Alan F. Clifford

About the Editor

Gerhart Jander

Hans Spandau