Description

Biomass has received considerable attention as a sustainable feedstock that can replace diminishing fossil fuels for the production of energy and chemicals. At the present moment in the oil refining, petrochemical and chemical industry, after fractionation of crude oil, various fractions are upgraded either to fuels or functionalized to produce intermediates and specialty chemicals. An analogous concept of biorefining is based on the utilization of biomass as a renewable source of carbon, which could be transformed to valuable chemicals. Although various aspects of biomass transformations are frequently discussed in the literature, chemical engineering aspects of such transformations are commonly not considered. The aim of the present book is to fill this void.

Key Features

  • Updates and informs the reader on the latest research findings using original reviews
  • Written by leading industry experts and scholars
  • Reviews and analyzes developments in the field

Readership

Organic chemists, polymer chemists, biological scientists and chemical engineers working in academia, government and industry

Table of Contents

Series Page

Contributors

Preface

Chapter One. Engineering Aspects of Bioethanol Synthesis

List of abbreviations

1. Introduction

2. Polysaccharides: Potent Raw Materials for Bioethanol Production

3. Monosaccharides (Monomeric Sugars)

4. Sugar Analysis

5. Production of Ethanol from Renewable Feedstocks

6. Cellulosic Ethanol

7. Historical and Current Considerations Around Cellulosic Bioethanol

8. Thermodynamic Analysis of Ethanol Production from Biomass

9. Biofilm Reactors for Bioethanol Production

10. Kinetic Analysis of Bioethanol Production

11. Biomass-to-Liquid Ethanol Production from Synthesis Gas

12. Bioethanol Valorization over Inorganic Heterogeneous Catalysts: Classical Liquid and Gaseous Products

13. Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter Two. Biomass Pyrolysis

1. Introduction

2. Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

3. Pyrolysis Reactions

4. Feed Properties Relevant to Reactor Design

5. Product Specifications Relevant to Reactor Design

6. Process Variables Relevant to Reactor Design

7. Reactor Technology Development

8. Conclusions

References

Chapter Three. Hydrotreating of Triglyceride-Based Feedstocks in Refineries

List of Symbols A. Latin Letters

B. Greek Letters

C. Subscripts and Superscripts

Abbreviations

1. Introduction

2. Basics of Deoxygenation Chemistry

3. Thermodynamic Aspects of Deoxygenation

4. Hydrodynamics Aspects

5. Kinetics Aspects

6. Deactivation Aspects

7. Commercial Status of HDO

8. Conclusion

References

Chapter Four. Chemical Reaction Engineering of Biomass Conversion

Notation

Dimensionless parameters

Subscripts and superscripts

1. Introduction

2. Reaction

Details

No. of pages:
384
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123865069
Print ISBN:
9780123865052

About the serial-volume-editor

Dmitry Murzin

Dmitry Murzin is Professor of Chemical Technology at Åbo Akademi University in Turku, Finland, and for the past 10 years he has served as Professor at the Finland University's Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering. Previously, he headed the chemicals division of BASF Corporation in Moscow. He also spent seven years as a researcher in the Department of Catalysis at the Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, Moscow. From 2009–2013 Murzin served as Vice President of the European Federation of Catalysis Societies. Murzin is author or co-author of more than 650 journal articles and book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Chemical Technology, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland