Cellular Internet of Things: Technologies, Standards and Performance gives insight into the recent work performed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to develop systems for the Cellular Internet of Things. It presents both the design of the new Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) technology and how GSM and LTE have evolved to provide Cellular Internet of Things services. The criteria used for the design and objectives of the standardization work are explained, and the technical details and performance of each technology is presented. This book discusses the overall competitive landscape for providing wireless connectivity, also introducing the most promising technologies in the market.
Users will learn how cellular systems work and how they can be designed to cater to challenging new requirements that are emerging in the telecom industry, what the physical layers and procedures in idle and connected mode look like in EC-GSM-IoT, LTE-M, and NB-IoT, and what the expected performance of these new systems is in terms of expected coverage, battery lifetime, data throughput, access delay time and device cost.
- How cellular systems work, and how they can be designed to cater for challenging new requirements emerging in the telecom industry.
- How the physical layers and the procedures in idle and connected mode look like in EC-GSM-IoT, LTE-M, and NB-IoT.
- What the expected performance of these new systems is in terms of expected coverage, battery lifetime, data throughput, access delay time, and device cost.
- How the Low-Power-Wide-Area IoT market segment looks like and how different available solutions compare in terms of performance and compatibility with already existing radio networks.
- What system capacity and network level performance can be achieved when deploying these new systems, and in addition what deployment options are possible.
- Provides a detailed introduction to the EC-GSM-IoT, LTE-M and NB-IoT technologies
- Presents network performance of the 3GPP cellular technologies, along with an analysis of the performance of non-cellular alternatives operating in unlicensed spectrum
- Includes prediction of true performance levels using state-of-the-art simulation models developed in the 3GPP standardization process
Telecommunications engineers, academic researchers and postgraduate students in wireless communications
1 The Internet of Things
1.2 New applications and requirements
1.2.1 Leading up to the Internet of Things
1.2.2 Massive Internet of Things and Ultra Reliable Communications
1.2.3 Introducing the objectives for EC-GSM-IoT, NB-IoT & eMTC
1.3 Low Power Wide Area Networks
1.3.1 An introduction to licensed exempt bands
1.3.2 Unlicensed Low Power Wide Area Networks
1.3.3 Licensed versus Unlicensed Operation
2 World class standards
2.1 2G, 3G and 4G going towards 5G
2.2 Machine Type Communications before Cellular Internet of Things
3 Extended Coverage GSM for the Internet of Things - EC-GSM-IoT
3.2 Physical layer
3.2.1 Physical layer numerology and transmission schemes
3.2.2 Channel coding
3.2.3 Extending coverage
3.2.4 Increasing system capacity
3.2.5 Downlink channels
3.2.6 Uplink channels
3.3 Physical-layer procedures and higher layers protocols
3.3.1 Idle mode operation
3.3.2 System access procedure
3.3.3 Resource allocation
3.3.3 Hybrid ARQ
3.3.5 Link adaptation
3.3.6 Power control
3.3.7 Overload control
3.3.8 Backwards compatibility
3.3.9 Improved security
3.3.10 MS and network capabilities
3.3.11 System operation
3.4 Improvements and future work
3.4.1 3GPP Rel-14
3.4.2 Further enhancements
4 EC-GSM-IoT Performance
4.1 Coverage, data rate & latency
4.3 Battery life
4.4 Device Complexity/Cost
4.5 Field data
5 Narrowband Internet of Things - NB-IoT
5.1.1 3GPP standardization
5.1.2 Deployment mode
5.2 Physical layer
5.2.1 Transmission schemes
5.2.2 Downlink physical channels and signals
5.2.3 Uplink physical channels and signals
5.2.4 Channel coding
5.2.5 Resource mapping
5.2.6 Carrier type and multi-PRB operation
5.2.7 Transmission gaps
5.3 Physical-layer procedures and higher layers protocols
5.3.1 Cell search and initial acquisition
5.3.2 System information
5.3.3 Random access
5.3.6 Hybrid ARQ
5.3.7 Idle mode operation
5.4 Improvements and future work
6 NB-IoT Performance
6.1 Coverage, data rate & latency
6.3 Battery life
6.4 Device Complexity
7.2 Physical layer
7.3 Physical-layer procedures and higher layers protocols
7.4 Improvements and future work
8 eMTC Performance
Learning outcome: After reading this chapter, the reader will understand the performance and limitations of eMTC.
8.1 Coverage, data rate & latency
8.3 Battery life
8.3 Device Complexity
9 The competitive IoT market
9.1 Solutions operating in unlicensed spectrum
9.2 Why Cellular IoT
9.3 Which Cellular IoT
10 5G and beyond
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2018
- 20th September 2017
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
Olof Liberg is a Master Researcher at Ericsson Business Unit Networks. After studies in Sweden, USA, Germany, and Switzerland, he received a bachelor’s degree in Business and Economics and a master’s degree in Engineering Physics, both from Uppsala University. He joined Ericsson in 2008 and has in recent years specialized in the design and standardization of cellular systems for machine-type communications and Internet of Things. He has, over the years, actively contributed to the work in several standardization bodies such as 3GPP, ETSI and the Multefire Alliance. He was the chairman of 3GPP TSG GERAN and its Working Group 1, during the 3GPP study on new radio access technologies for Internet of Things leading up to the specification of EC GSM IoT and NB IoT.
Ericsson Business Unit Networks, Sweden
Mårten Sundberg is a researcher at Ericsson Business Unit Networks, with a previous position as a Senior Specialist in GSM radio access technology. He joined Ericsson in 2005 after receiving his master’s degree in Engineering Physics from Uppsala University. As Rapporteur of the 3GPP Work Item on EC-GSM-IoT he was leading the technical work to standardize the new GSM-based feature dedicated for Internet of Things. In 2016, he started leading the work towards URLLC for LTE, being a Rapporteur for the Work Item introducing shortened TTI and shorter processing times. Apart from being active in the 3GPP standardization body, Mårten has also worked for many years in ETSI, harmonizing radio requirements in Europe.
Ericsson Business Unit Networks, Ericsson, Sweden
Y.-P. Eric Wang is a Principal Researcher at Ericsson Research. He holds a PhD degree in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. In 2001 and 2002, he was a member of the executive committee of the IEEE Vehicular Technology Society and served as the society’s Secretary. Dr. Wang was an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology from 2003 to 2007. He is a technical leader in Ericsson Research in the area of Internet of Things (IoT) connectivity. Dr. Wang was a corecipient of Ericsson’s Inventors of the Year award in 2006. He has contributed to more than 150 US patents and more than 50 IEEE articles.
Ericsson Research, USA
Johan Bergman is a Master Researcher at Ericsson Business Unit Networks. He received his master’s degree in Engineering Physics from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. He joined Ericsson in 1997, initially working with baseband receiver algorithm design for 3G cellular systems. Since 2005, he has been working with 3G/4G physical layer standardization in 3GPP TSG RAN Working Group 1. As Rapporteur of the 3GPP TSG RAN Work Items on LTE for machine-type communications (MTC) in Releases 13, 14, 15, and 16, he has led the technical work to standardize the new LTE-based features dedicated for Internet of Things. He was a corecipient of Ericsson’s Inventor of the Year award for 2017.
Ericsson Business Unit Networks, Ericsson, Sweden
Joachim Sachs is a Principal Researcher at Ericsson Research. After studies in Germany, Norway, France and Scotland he received a diploma degree in electrical engineering from Aachen University (RWTH), Germany, and a PhD degree from the Technical University of Berlin. He joined Ericsson in 1997 and has worked on a variety of topics in the area of wireless communication systems, and has contributed to the standardization of 3G, 4G and 5G. Since 1995 he has been active in the IEEE and the German VDE Information Technology Society (ITG), where he is currently co-chair of the technical committee on communication networks. In 2009 he was a visiting scholar at Stanford University, USA.
Ericsson Research, Sweden