Cellular Aspects of Membrane Permeability

Cellular Aspects of Membrane Permeability

International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology: Modern Trends in Physiological Sciences

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Author: E. Schoffeniels
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149103

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Description

Cellular Aspects of Membrane Permeability describes the state of knowledge on permeability problems and interprets experimental results within the framework of working hypotheses. The book discusses membrane permeability with some biochemical perspective presented to explain the origin and adaptations of animal life. The text explains the process and the driving forces affecting the permeability characteristics of the experimental object. It then discusses the distribution of ions and molecules between two phases separated by a living membrane. Then the text analyzes the chemical nature of the molecular architecture that causes such permeability characteristics. The book addresses the electrical potential profiles of epithelial tissues, and then discusses the conducting membranes. It also explains the relationships between inorganic ions, sugar, amino acids, fatty acids, and bioelectric potentials. The book also explains the physical nature of such chemical nature and structure of living membranes. The text then describes the structure of the cellular surface and the structural organization of the cell. The selection can prove useful for biologists, microbiologists, zoologists, and students and professors of biology and its related disciplines.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction

    Acknowledgments

    Part I. The Permeability Characteristics of Living Membranes

    Chapter 1. Distribution of Ions and Molecules between Two Phases Separated by a Living Membrane

    1. Ionic Composition of Rat Aortic Smooth Muscle Fibers

    2. Kinetics of Release of Radioactive Sodium, Sulphate and Sucrose from the Frog Sartorius Muscle

    3. Amino Acid Composition of Biological Fluids

    Chapter 2. Nature of the Forces Responsible for the Movement of Ions and Molecules Across Living Membranes

    1. Inorganic Ions

    2. Organic Ions

    3. Organic Molecules

    Chapter 3. Origin of the Electrical Potential Difference Existing across Most of the Living Membranes

    1. Electrokinetic Phenomena

    2. Orientation of Fixed Charges

    3. Electrochemical Potential

    4. Electrogenic Nature of Active Ion Transport

    Chapter 4. Significance of the Active Transport of Cations

    Chapter 5. Enzymatic Aspects of Membrane Permeability

    1. Active Transport in Relation to Cell Metabolism

    2. Identification in Crab Nerve of an Enzyme System Hydrolyzing ATP

    3. Isolation of a Specific ATPase from other Cells

    4. The Effect of Cardiac Glycosides

    5. Relationship between ATP Hydrolysis and the Transport of Cations

    Chapter 6. Hormones and Permeability Characteristics of Living Membranes

    1. Neurohypophyseal Hormones

    2. Insulin

    3. Parathormone

    4. Aldosterone

    5. Other Hormones

    6. Summary

    Chapter 7. Alkaline Earths and Permeability Characteristics of Living Membranes

    1. Passive Permeability

    2. Active Transport

    3. Possible Mechanism of Action

    Part II. Cellular Differentiation and Temporo-spatial Distribution of Permeability Characteristics

    Chapter 8. Electrical Potential Profiles of Epithelial Tissues

    1. Skin and Urinary Bladder of Amphibians

    2. Structural Organization of Amphibian Skin in Relation to Function

    3. Intestinal Epithelium of the Tortoise

    4. Respiratory Epithelium

    Chapter 9. Conducting Membranes

    1. The Action Potential

    2. Nature of the Permeability Change

    3. The Permeability Change

    4. Energy Requirements

    5. Adaptations

    Chapter 10. Nervous Control of Permeability Characteristics

    Chapter 11. Relationships between Inorganic Ions, Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids and Bioelectric Potentials

    Chapter 12. Osmoregulation and Nitrogen Metabolism

    1. Osmoregulatory Function of Amino Acids

    2. Some Factors Affecting the Metabolism of Amino Acids

    3. Activity of the L-Glutamic Acid Dehydrogenase in Relation to the Regulation of the Pool of Free Amino Acids

    4. Urea as Osmotic Effector

    Part III. Chemical Nature and Physical Structure of Living Membranes in Relation to Function

    Chapter 13. Chemical Nature of Living Membranes

    Chapter 14. Physical Structure of Living Membranes

    1. From Chemistry to Ultrastructure

    2. The Structure of the Cellular Surface

    3. Structural Organization as Deduced from Function

    Chapter 15. Concluding Remarks

    Bibliography

    Index

    Other Titles in the Division

Product details

  • No. of pages: 282
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149103

About the Author

E. Schoffeniels

About the Editors

P. Alexander

Z. M. Bacq

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