Catecholamines and Stress - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080205885, 9781483187877

Catecholamines and Stress

1st Edition

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Catecholamines and Stress, Held in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, July 27–30, 1975

Editors: Earl Usdin Richard Kvetnanský Irwin J. Kopin
eBook ISBN: 9781483187877
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1976
Page Count: 648
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Description

Catecholamines and Stress covers the proceedings of the International Symposium on Catecholamines and Stress, held in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia on July 27-30, 1975. This book mainly focuses on catecholamines and stress, presenting papers specifically discussing the brain, neurohumoral regulation in stress, and changes induced by stress. A set of papers tackle the catecholamine synthesizing and degrading enzymes under stress. Other papers are devoted to topics on catecholamine synthesis and degradation under stress; release, level, and excretion of catecholamines in stress; and catecholamines and stress in man. This text will be invaluable to students and experts in physiology, biology, and related fields.

Table of Contents

  • PREFACE
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • PARTICIPANTS
  • I.: CATECHOLAMINES AND STRESS
    • Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION TO CATECHOLAMINES AND STRESS
  • II.: Brain Catecholamines and Stress
    • Chapter 2: INTRODUCTION TO BRAIN CATECHOLAMINES AND STRESS
    • Chapter 3: BRAIN CATECHOLAMINES AND HOMEOSTATIC BEHAVIOUR
      • Effects of 6-OHDA treatment on exploratory activity and avoidance behaviour
      • Stress induced changes in brain NA metabolism
      • Influence of ACTH on exploratory activity in adrenalectomized rats
      • Influence of ACTH 1-24 and ACTH 4-10 on brain NA metabolism in adrenalectomized rats
      • Summary and conclusions
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 4: INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STRESS ON BRAIN CATECHOLAMINE MECHANISMS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Introduction
      • Synthesis of brain CA in isolated, grouped and fighting mice
      • Alpha-methyltyrosine induced depletion of brain CA in isolated, grouped and fighting animals
      • Functional state of brain CA receptors in isolated, grouped and fighting mice
      • Concluding remarks
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 5: SELECTIVE ALTERATIONS OF CATECHOLAMINES AND TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY IN THE HYPOTHALAMUS FOLLOWING ACUTE AND CHRONIC STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 6: CATECHOLAMINES IN INDIVIDUAL HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEI IN STRESSED RATS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 7: EFFECT OF STRESS ON SEROTONIN AND TRYPTOPHAN HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY OF BRAIN NUCLEI
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 8: THE EFFECT OF PROLONGED ISOLATION ON THE CATECHOLAMINE AND SEROTONIN CONCENTRATION OF DISCRETE AREAS OF THE RAT BRAIN
      • Publisher Summary
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • DISCUSSION
      • DISCUSSION
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    • Chapter 9: ACTH INDUCED CHANGES IN THE TRANSMITTERAMINE CONCENTRATION OF INDIVIDUAL BRAIN NUCLEI OF THE RAT
      • Publisher Summary
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • DISCUSSION
      • GENERAL DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 10: BRAIN DOPAMINE BETA HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY: RESPONSE TO STRESS, TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE INHIBITION, HYPOPHYSECTOMY AND ACTH ADMINISTRATION
      • Tyrosine Hydroxylase
      • Dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DBH)
      • Conclusions
      • Acknowledgments
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 11: CATECHOLAMINES IN THE REGIONS OF CIRCUMVENTRICULAR ORGANS OF RATS EXPOSED TO STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 12: COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS STRESSES ON BIOGENIC AMINES IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND ANIMAL SYMPTOMS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 13: LOCUS COERULEUS, NORADRENALINE METABOLISM AND STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Introduction
      • Conclusions.
      • Acknowledgements.
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 14: THE EFFECT OF HIND-LIMB ISCHAEMIA ON THE CONCENTRATION OF 4-HYDROXY-3 METHOXYPHENYLETHYLENE GLYCOL SULPHATE (MOPEG-SO4) IN THE HYPOTHALAMUS AND HIND-BRAIN OF THE RAT
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 15: A PROTECTIVE ROLE OF NERVE ENDINGS IN THE STRESS-STIMULATED INCREASE IN PINEAL N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE ACTIVITY
      • Publisher Summary
      • Introduction
      • The transsynaptic regulation of pineal N-acetyltransferase activity
      • Stress stimulation of pineal N-acetyltransferase activity
      • The effects of stress on “supersensitive” pineal glands.
      • The effects of stress on pineal N-acetyltransferase activity in animals with decentralized superior cervical ganglia
      • General implications
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 16: THE EFFECT OF IMMOBILISATION ON THE ACTIVITY OF SEROTONIN N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE IN THE RAT EPIPHYSIS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results.
      • Discussion
      • Conclusions
      • Acknowledgement
      • DISCUSSION
  • III.: Catecholamines and Neurohumoral Regulation in Stress
    • Chapter 17: INTRODUCTION TO CATECHOLAMINES AND NEUROHUMORAL REGULATION IN STRESS
    • Chapter 18: INHIBITION OF STRESS-INDUCED ACTH SECRETION BY NOREPINEPHRINE IN THE DOG: MECHANISM AND SITE OF ACTION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 19: CHANGES INDUCED BY STRESS IN THE ACTIVITY OF THE SEROTONINERGIC SYSTEM IN LIMBIC BRAIN STRUCTURES
      • Publisher Summary
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 20: CATECHOLAMINES, SYSTEM HYPOTHALAMUS-HYOPHYSIS ADRENAL CORTEX AND STRESS
    • Chapter 21: EFFECT OF DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE INHIBITOR ON STRESS-INDUCED GASTRIC ULCER
      • Publisher Summary
      • Introduction
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 22: NOREPINEPHRINERGIC CONTROL OF TRF-TSH SECRETION EVOKED BY COLD STRESS
    • Chapter 23: STRESS, CATECHOLAMINES AND THYROTOXICOSIS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 24: INTERACTION BETWEEN CATECHOLAMINES AND THYROID HORMONES IN REGULATION OF EXERCISE METABOLISM IN DOGS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 25: ROLE OF CENTRAL CATECHOLAMINES IN STRESS-INDUCED GROWTH HORMONE RELEASE IN MAN
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 26: HYPERTENSION, ADRENAL CATECHOLAMINE RELEASE, PULMONARY EDEMA AND BEHAVIORAL EXCITEMENT ELICITED FROM THE ANTERIOR HYPOTHALAMUS IN RAT
      • Publisher Summary
      • Effects of Lesions of the Anterior Hypothalamus on Arterial Blood Pressure in Freely Moving Rats
      • Effects of Lesions of the Anterior Hypothalamus in Paralyzed Rats
      • Electrical Stimulation of the Anterior Hypothalamus
      • Discussion and Conclusions
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 27: PARTIAL REVERSAL BY RESEPINE OF THE SHORTENED POSTTRAUMATIC RESPONSE OF PLASMA CORTICOSTERONE TYROSINE AND LIVER TYROSINE AMINOTRANSFERASE IN RATS CONDITIONED TO TRAUMA IN THE NOBLE AND COLLIP DRUM
      • Publisher Summary
      • Summary
    • Chapter 28: HYPOBARIC STRESS AND ENZYMES IN THE METABOLISM OF TYROSINE, THE PRECURSOR OF CATECHOLAMINES
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Acknowledgement
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 29: DOPAMINE RECEPTOR SUPERSENSITIVITY IN RAT RETINA AFTER LIGHT DEPRIVATION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
      • GENERAL DISCUSSION
  • IV.: Catecholamine Synthesizing and Degrading Enzymes Under Stress
    • Chapter 30: INTRODUCTION TO CATECHOLAMINE SYNTHESIZING AND DEGRADING ENZYMES UNDER STRESS
    • Chapter 31: EFFECT OF STRESS ON CATECHOLAMINE SYNTHESIZING AND DEGRADING ENZYMES IN CONTROL AND SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 32: CATECHOLAMINE SYNTHESIZING ENZYMES IN HYPERTENSION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 33: MODULATION OF ADRENAL MEDULLARY ENZYMES BY STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Summary and Conclusion
      • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 34: MODIFICATION OF ADRENAL TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY IN RATS FOLLOWING MANIPULATION IN INFANCY
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 35: TRANS-SYNAPTIC INDUCTION OF TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE: ROLE OF CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDES AND GLUCOCORTICOIDS
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 36: EFFECT OF ALTERATIONS IN SERUM CALCIUM ON ADRENAL TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE INDUCTION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 37: THE ROLE OF PREGANGLIONIC NERVE ACTIVITY IN THE REGULATION OF TYROSINE HYDROXYLASE IN THE SUPERIOR CERVICAL GANGLION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 38: GENETIC CONTROL OF HUMAN SERUM DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE
      • Publisher Summary
      • INTRODUCTION
      • GENETIC CONTROL OF HUMAN SERUM DBH ACTIVITY
      • CONCLUSIONS
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 39: DOPAMINE β-HYDROXYLASE IN ORGAN CULTURE OF RAT ADRENAL MEDULLA: SYNTHESIS, STORAGE, RELEASE AND TRANS-SYNAPTIC INDUCTION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 40: NEW APPROACHES TO CONTROLLING THE ACTIVITY OF PHENYLETHANOLAMINE N-METHYLTRANSFERASE IN STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 41: EFFECT OF HYPOPHYSECTOMY ON TISSUE MAO ACTIVITY
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 42: THE EFFECT OF MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS ON THE SYNTHESIS AND DEGRADATION OF CATECHOLAMINES IN IMMOBILIZED RATS
      • Abstract
  • V.: Catecholamine Synthesis and Degradation Under Stress
    • Chapter 43: INTRODUCTION TO CATECHOLAMINE SYNTHESIS AND DEGRADATION UNDER STRESS
    • Chapter 44: FURTHER STUDIES ON THE ENHANCEMENT OF NOREPINEPHRINE SYNTHESIS DURING NERVE STIMULATION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 45: MAIN PHASES OF CATECHOLAMINE METABOLISM UNDER STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 46: EFFECT OF TRAUMATIC STRESS ON CATECHOLAMINE AND METABOLISM IN THE SPINAL CORD SYNTHESIS
      • Publisher Summary
      • RESULTS
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 47: 3H-TYROSINE INCORPORATION INTO PROTEINS AND CATECHOLAMINES IN IMMOBILIZED RATS
      • Abstract
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 48: INCREASED SYNTHESIS OF DOPAMINE IN THE RAT ADRENALS DURING FORCED SWIMMING AND SPLANCHNIC NERVE STIMULATION
      • Publisher Summary
      • INTRODUCTION
      • MATERIALS AND METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • CONCLUSION
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 49: METABOLISM OF CATECHOLAMINE UNDER THE SPINAL PAIN SYNDROME IN RATS
  • VI.: Release, Level and Excretion of Catecholamines in Stress
    • Chapter 50: INTRODUCTION TO RELEASE, LEVEL AND EXCRETION OF CATECHOLAMINES IN STRESS
    • Chapter 51: EFFECTS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STRESS ON THE SUBCELLULAR DISTRIBUTION OF ADRENERGIC STORAGE VESICLES IN RAT HEART
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 52: THE ROLE OF CATECHOLAMINES IN ADAPTATION TO CHRONIC AND ACUTE STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 53: CATECHOLAMINES AND COLD STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • INTRODUCTION
      • ACTIVATION OF AMINERGIC STRUCTURES IN THE COLD
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE OF NE AND E IN THE COLD
      • SIGNIFICANCE OF CORTICOSTEROIDS FOR CATECHOLAMINE ACTION
      • MECHANISM OF CATECHOLAMINES ACTION
      • SIGNIFICANCE OF AMINERGIC PATHWAYS IN THE BRAIN FOR TEMPERATURE REGULATION
      • CONCLUSIONS
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 54: CATECHOLAMINES AND HEAT STRESS
    • Chapter 55: CATECHOLAMINE SYNTHESIS, RELEASE AND EXCRETION AND ADRENOCORTICAL ACTIVITY IN THE HEAT-STRESSED RAT
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results and Discussion
      • Summary
      • Acknowledgements
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 56: CATECHOLAMINES AND CORTICOSTEROIDS IN ACUTE AND REPEATED STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 57: EVIDENCE THAT DIFFERING PSYCHOSOCIAL STIMULI LEAD TO ADRENAL CORTICAL STIMULATION BY AUTONOMIC OR ENDOCRINE PATHWAYS
      • Publisher Summary
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • DISCUSSION
      • SUMMARY
      • Acknowledgment
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 58: EFFECT OF ACUTE STRESS ON NOREPINEPHRINE AND 5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE IN RATS
      • Publisher Summary
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • DISCUSSION
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 59: THE SYMPATHO-ADRENAL SYSTEM AND HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK
      • Publisher Summary
    • Chapter 60: MYOCARDIAL CATECHOLAMINES AND RELATED METABOLIC CHANGES DURING ACUTE CORONARY OCCLUSION
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 61: THE EFFECT OF ADRENERGIC BLOCKING AGENTS AND NICOTINIC ACID ON LIPID AND CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM IN IMMOBILIZED RAT
      • Publisher Summary
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Summary
    • Chapter 62: HISTOFLUORESCENCE STUDY OF CATECHOLAMINE CONTENT IN RAT ADRENAL MEDULLA AFTER IDIOPATHIC AND PAIN-INDUCED HYPOGLYCEMIC CONVULSIONS
      • Publisher Summary
    • Chapter 63: BASIC MECHANISMS IN THE ADRENOMEDULLARY SECRETION
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 64: CATECHOLAMINE-STORAGE VESICLES, NORADRENALINE AND DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE IN CONSTRICTED POSTGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC NERVES
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Conclusion
      • DISCUSSION
  • VII.: Catecholamines and Stress in Man
    • Chapter 65: INTRODUCTION TO CATECHOLAMINES AND STRESS IN MAN
    • Chapter 66: RELATIONSHIP OF CATECHOLAMINES, HISTAMINE AND SEROTONIN IN MEN UNDER DIFFERENT KINDS OF STRESS
    • Chapter 67: CATECHOLAMINES AND ADRENAL CORTEX DURING BED REST
    • Chapter 68: PLASMA CATECHOLAMINES DURING SUSTAINED ISOMETRIC EXERCISE IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS AND PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES MELLITUS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 69: EFFECT OF HYPERTENSIVE STRESS ON PLASMA DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY AND PROSTAGLANDINS IN QUADRIPLEGIA
      • Publisher Summary
      • Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 70: EFFECT OF WORK LOAD ON PLASMA DOPAMINE -β-HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY AND CORTISOL IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION
      • Publisher Summary
      • Conclusions:
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 71: PHYSICAL LOAD AS A STRESS FACTOR IN PATIENTS AFTER MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
      • Publisher Summary
    • Chapter 72: CORONARY A-V DIFFERENCE OF PLASMA DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY DURING STRESS SITUATION OF CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS IN PATIENTS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 73: PLASMA RENIN AND DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY AND CATECHOLAMINE EXCRETION IN MAN DURING STRESS
      • Summary
      • Materials and Methods
      • Results
      • DISCUSSION
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 74: CIRCADIAN RHYTHM OF SERUM DOPAMINE-β-HYDROXYLASE ACTIVITY IN HEALTHY AND BLIND MEN
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Method
      • Results and Discussion
      • Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 75: CHANGES IN CATECHOLAMINE EXCRETION IN STUDENTS DURING EXAMINATIONS
      • Publisher Summary
      • Materials and Methods.
      • Results.
      • Physiological test.
      • Summary.
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 76: CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CATECHOLAMINE METABOLISM IN MAN UNDER STRESS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 77: ROLE OF CATECHOLAMINES IN CERTAIN BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS
    • Chapter 78: GLUCOSTATIC MECHANISM OF THE ADRENERGIC SYSTEM ACTIVATION DURING PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN DOGS AND IN MEN
      • Publisher Summary
      • Material and Methods
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • DISCUSSION
    • Chapter 79: A POSSIBLE NEUROCHEMICAL BASIS FOR ABNORMAL ORAL BEHAVIOUR IN FARM ANIMALS
      • Publisher Summary
      • DISCUSSION
      • GENERAL DISCUSSION
  • AUTHOR INDEX
  • SUBJECT INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
648
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1976
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483187877

About the Editor

Earl Usdin

Richard Kvetnanský

Irwin J. Kopin

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland