Catalysis in Coal Conversion

Catalysis in Coal Conversion

1st Edition - January 28, 1978

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  • Author: James Cusumano
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323157629

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Catalysis in Coal Conversion tells of the advances in catalysis and related fields in order to suggest decisive contributions towards finding solutions for the catalytic problems of coal conversion. The book also details the preparation, mode of action, and behavior of various catalysts. The book is divided into three major parts, the first of which discusses the advances of catalysis during the last two decades including the bimetallic catalysts. Other areas of interest covered in the first part include characterization and preparation of catalysts; poisoning and regeneration; and reaction mechanisms. Part II summarizes the developments of related disciplines such as reactor engineering, inorganic and organometallic chemistry, materials science, and surface science. The last part serves as a review of the nature of the different coal liquefaction processes and their products. This book is of value to chemists and chemical engineers involved in coal conversion or fuel processing researches. Chemistry teachers and students can also use this book for examples of practical applications in industrial catalysis.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Chapter 1 Introduction

    Part I Survey of Advances in Catalysis

    Chapter 2 Multimetallic Catalysts

    2.1 General Nature of Multimetallic Catalysts

    2.2 Physical and Chemical Properties

    2.3 Catalytic Properties

    2.4 Applications to the Conversion of Coal

    2.5 Summary


    Chapter 3 Effects of Catalyst-Support Interaction, Particle Size, and Surface Morphology

    3.1 Catalyst Stabilization

    3.2 Effects of Surface Structure and Particle Size

    3.3 Practical Implications


    Chapter 4 Characterization

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Surface Area and Particle Size

    4.3 Surface Area by Chemisorption

    4.4 Surface Acidity

    4.5 Impact of Characterization in Catalysis


    Chapter 5 Catalyst Preparation

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Metallic Catalysts

    5.3 Nonmetallic Catalysts

    5.4 Practical Implications


    Chapter 6 Poisoning and Regeneration

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Sulfur

    6.3 Carbon

    6.4 Other Poisons

    6.5 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 7 Mechanism and Surface Chemistry

    7.1 CO/H2 Synthesis

    7.2 Water-Gas Shift Reaction

    7.3 Hydrodenitrogenation

    7.4 Hydrodesulfurization

    7.5 Cracking of Poly nuclear Aromatics

    7.6 Carbon and Coal Gasification


    Part II Advances in Supporting Disciplines

    Chapter 8 Reactor Engineering and Catalyst Testing

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 General Review of Test Reactors

    8.3 Selected Reactor Systems

    8.4 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 9 Inorganic Chemistry

    9.1 Oxides

    9.2 Zeolites

    9.3 Sulfides

    9.4 Carbides and Nitrides

    9.5 Borides, Suicides, and Phosphides

    9.6 Organometallie Compounds

    9.7 Molten Salts

    9.8 Implications for Coal Conversion


    Chapter 10 Materials Science

    10.1 Monolithic Supports

    10.2 Intermetallic Compounds

    10.3 Novel Inorganic Polymers

    10.4 Sintering


    Chapter 11 Surface Science

    11.1 Concepts Relevant to Catalysis

    11.2 Physical Techniques

    11.3 Summary and Conclusions


    Part III Specific Coal Conversion Processes

    Chapter 12 Petroleum Products and Refining

    12.1 Fuel Products

    12.2 Petroleum Refining


    Chapter 13 Upgrading of Liquid Products from the Coalcon Process

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Process Description

    13.3 Nature of the Products

    13.4 Upgrading of the Coalcon Liquids

    13.5 Applications of Recent Research Developments

    13.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 14 Refining of Coal Liquids from the COED, H-Coal, and Synthoil Processes to High-Octane Gasoline, Jet Fuel, and Diesel Fuel

    14.1 COED Liquids

    14.2 H-Coal Liquids

    14.3 Synthoil Liquids

    14.4 Impacting Areas and Recent Developments

    14.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 15 Conversion of Solvent Refined Coal to Low Sulfur, Low Nitrogen Boiler Fuel

    15.1 Catalyst Constraints and Process Requirements for SRC Upgrading

    15.2 Important Research Developments

    15.3 Supporting Research

    15.4 Summary and Conclusions


    Chapter 16 Catalytic Hydrocracking of Coal or Lignite to Low Sulfur, Low Nitrogen Liquid Boiler Fuels

    16.1 Summary of Major Constraints and Objectives

    16.2 Impacting Areas of Research Developments

    16.3 Conclusions


    Chapter 17 Water-Gas Shift and Methanation Catalysis in the Synthesis of Substitute Natural Gas

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Major Catalyst Problems and Objectives

    17.3 Impacting Areas and Research Developments

    17.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 18 Catalytic Gasification of Coal or Lignite to Synthesis Gas and Substitute Natural Gas

    18.1 Thermodynamic and Catalytic Constraints

    18.2 Important Research Objectives

    18.3 Conclusions


    Chapter 19 Synthesis of Fuels and of Selected Feedstocks from Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Major Problems and Catalyst Development Objectives

    19.3 Research and Development Areas

    19.4 Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323157629

About the Author

James Cusumano

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