Cardiovascular Physiology: Heart, Peripheral Circulation and Methodology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080268200, 9781483189963

Cardiovascular Physiology: Heart, Peripheral Circulation and Methodology

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

Editors: A. G. B. Kovách E. Monos G. Rubányi
eBook ISBN: 9781483189963
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 396
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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 8: Cardiovascular Physiology: Heart, Peripheral Circulation and Methodology presents the proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, held in Budapest, Hungary, on July 13–19, 1980. This book examines some of the significant arterial pressure control mechanisms. Organized into 43 chapters, this compilation of papers begins with an overview of the origin of the notion of a vasomotor center controlling the arterial blood pressure. This text then discusses the concept of long-term arterial pressure regulation and some of the basic mechanisms of hypertension. Other chapters consider the sites and mechanisms of capillary control. This book discusses as well the performance of the heart during its excitation–contraction cycle, which is influenced by the movements of ions across the cell membrane. The final chapter deals with the interpretation of in vivo NADH fluorescence measurements. This book is a valuable resource for physiologists and clinicians.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Central Nervous Origin of Vasomotor Tone

A Computer and Experimental Analysis of Arterial Pressure Regulation and Hypertension

Mechanisms of Capillary Recruitment: Relation to Flow, Tissue PO2 and Motor Unit Control of Skeletal Muscle

Cation Regulation in the Myocardium

Introduction to Cation Regulation in the Myocardium

Regulation of the Intracellular Sodium and pH in Mammalian Cardiac Tissue Studied Using Ion-Sensitive Microelectrodes

Cell-to-Cell Coupling in Cardiac Tissue

Intracellular Chloride Activity in Cat Ventricular Muscle

Ca-Dependent Activation of the K Conductance in Ventricular Muscle Fibers

Electrochemical Inhomogeneity in Ungulate Purkinje Fibers: Model of Electrogenic Transport and Electrodiffusion in Clefts

Two Membrane Potential Dependent Processes Concerned in the Generation of the Amphibian Heart Beat

Concluding Remarks on Cation Regulation in the Myocardium

Factors Regulating Myocardial Substrate Metabolism

Free Fatty Acids and Myocardial Metabolism

Factors Regulating Normal and Ischaemic Myocardial Substrate Metabolism

Importance of Ischemia-Induced Myocardial Lipolysis in Dogs

Calcium and the Co-Ordination of Metabolism and Mechanical Performance in Rabbit Papillary Muscle

Effect of Calcium and Nickel Ions on Oxidative and Glycolytic Metabolism in the Perfused Rat Heart

Regulation of Adenine Nucleotide Translocation by Long Chain Fatty Acyl CoA Esters

The Creatine Phosphokinase System - a Further Target of Calcium Ions in Heart Muscle Cells?

Regulation of Lipolysis and Triglyceride-Lipase in the Diabetic Rat Heart

Lactate-Fatty Acid Competition in the Heart during Shock

Concluding Remarks on Factors Regulating Myocardial Substrate Metabolism

Biomechanical Properties of Arteries

Introduction: Contribution of Wall Components to Arterial Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Properties of Vascular Smooth Muscle Related to Its Cellular Components

The Effect of Alterations in Scleroprotein Content on the Static Elastic Properties of the Arterial Wall

Biomechanical Properties of Conduit Arteries In Vivo: Myogenic and Nervous Control

Continuum Mechanical Methods and Models in Arterial Biomechanics

Role of Arterial Mechanics in Circulatory Functions

Arterial Elasticity and Total and Relative Proportion of Wall Constituents are Influenced by Sympathetic Nerve Traffic

Relative Volumes of Structural Components in Ventral Interventricular Branch (VIB) of the Left Coronary Artery in Dogs — Functional Interpretation

Elastic Properties of Coronary Arteries in Conscious Dogs

A New Model for the Static Elastic Properties of the Aging Human Aorta

A Nonlinear Two-Layer Cylindrical Model Describing the Elastic Properties of Carotid Arteries

Concluding Remarks on Biomechanical Properties of Arteries

Cardiovascular Fetal Physiology

Circulatory Consequences of Fetal Nephrectomy

The Distribution of Cardiac Output in Pregnant Sheep

Cardiovascular Responses of the Fetal Pig to Autonomic Stimulation

The Roles of Parasympathetic and ß-Adrenergic Activity in Beat to Beat Fetal Heart Rate Variability (FHRV)

Concluding Remarks on Cardiovascular Fetal Physiology

Non-Invasive Cardiovascular and Metabolic Techniques

Methodology of the Simultaneous, Nondestructive Determination of Metabolism, Blood Flow and Blood Volume within Superficial Micro Areas of the Brain Cortex by Microfluororeflectometry

Applications of Optical Techniques to Brain Physiology

Absolute Reflection Photometry at Organ Surfaces

NMR as a Noninvasive Monitoring Technique in Physiology and Medicine

The Problems of the Correction and Evaluation of In Vivo NADH Fluorescence Measurements

Index

Details

No. of pages:
396
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483189963

About the Editor

A. G. B. Kovách

E. Monos

G. Rubányi