Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers

From Nanoscale to Macroscale

1st Edition - September 26, 2017

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  • Editor: Roham Rafiee
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323482219
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323482226

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Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers: From Nanoscale to Macroscale addresses the advances in nanotechnology that have led to the development of a new class of composite materials known as CNT-reinforced polymers. The low density and high aspect ratio, together with their exceptional mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, render carbon nanotubes as a good reinforcing agent for composites. In addition, these simulation and modeling techniques play a significant role in characterizing their properties and understanding their mechanical behavior, and are thus discussed and demonstrated in this comprehensive book that presents the state-of-the-art research in the field of modeling, characterization and processing. The book separates the theoretical studies on the mechanical properties of CNTs and their composites into atomistic modeling and continuum mechanics-based approaches, including both analytical and numerical ones, along with multi-scale modeling techniques. Different efforts have been done in this field to address the mechanical behavior of isolated CNTs and their composites by numerous researchers, signaling that this area of study is ongoing.

Key Features

  • Explains modeling approaches to carbon nanotubes, together with their application, strengths and limitations
  • Outlines the properties of different carbon nanotube-based composites, exploring how they are used in the mechanical and structural components
  • Analyzes the behavior of carbon nanotube-based composites in different conditions


Materials Scientists and Engineers working in the areas of carbon nanotubes and their composites

Table of Contents

  • 1. CNT Basics and Characteristics

    Roghayeh Ghasempour, Hamid Narei

    1.1 Introduction to Carbon

    1.2 History

    1.3 Structure

    1.4 Physical Properties of CNTs

    1.5 Characterization of CNTs

    1.6 Conclusions


    2. Engineering Applications of Carbon Nanotubes

    Soheil Jafari

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Structural Reinforcement

    2.3 Coatings and Films Applications of CNTs

    2.4 CNTs in Electromagnetics

    2.5 Biotechnological and Biomedical Applications of CNTs

    2.6 Sensors and Actuators Applications of CNTs

    2.7 Acoustic and Electroacoustic Applications of CNTs

    2.8 Other Applications of CNTs

    2.9 Conclusions

    3. Carbon Nanotubes Processing

    Reza Malekimoghadam, Roham Rafiee

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Arc Discharge

    3.3 Laser Ablation

    3.4 Thermal CVD

    3.5 Plasma-Enhanced CVD

    3.6 Catalyst Preparation

    3.7 Purification

    3.8 Conclusions


    4. Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposites
    Tejendra K. Gupta, Kumar Shanmugan

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Fabrication of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

    4.3 Dispersion and Alignment of CNTs in Polymer

    Matrices for Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites

    4.4 Chemical Modifications of CNTs for Processing of

    Polymer Nanocomposites

    4.5 Conclusions and Future Scope


    5. Improving Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Interactions

    in Nanocomposites

    Francis Avilés, Juan V. Cauich-Rodríguez, Patricio T. Estay,

    Mehrdad Yazdani-Pedram, Héctor Aguilar-Bolados

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Carbon Nanotube Functionalization Methods

    5.3 Carbon Nanotube Functionalization for Improved

    Properties of Polymer Composites

    6. Deposition of Carbon Nanotubes on Fibers

    Francis Avilés, José de Jesús Ku-Herrera,

    Andrés I. Oliva-Avilés

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Methods of Deposition and Growth of Carbon

    Nanotubes on Engineering Fibers

    6.3 Carbon Nanotube-Modified Fibers for Multiscale

    Polymer Composites


    7. Toxicity and Safety Issues of Carbon Nanotubes

    Hamid Narei, Roghayeh Ghasempour, Omid Akhavan

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Effects of CNTs on Systems and Organs of the

    Human Body

    7.3 Determinants of CNT-Induced Toxicity

    7.4 Mechanisms of CNT-Induced Toxicity

    7.5 Ecotoxicological Effects of CNTs

    7.6 Conclusions


    8. Mechanical Properties of Isolated Carbon Nanotube
    G. Pal, Kumar Shanmugan

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Structure of Carbon Nanotubes

    8.3 Elastic Properties of CNTs

    8.4 Large Elastic Deformation in CNTs

    8.5 Tensile Strength of CNTs

    8.6 Epilogue


    9. Mechanical Properties of CNT/Polymer

    Antonio Pantano

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Polyethylene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.3 Polymethyl Methacrylate–Carbon

    Nanotube Composites

    9.4 Polypropylene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.5 Polyvinyl Alcohol–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.6 Polystyrene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.7 Polyvinyl Chloride–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.8 Polystyrene-co-Butyl Acrylate–Carbon

    Nanotube Composites

    9.9 Epoxy–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.10 Nylon–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.11 Polyimide–Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.12 Polystyrene-b-Butadiene-co-Butyleneb-

    Styrene-Carbon Nanotube Composites

    9.13 Methyl-Ethyl Methacrylate–Carbon

    Nanotube Composites

    9.14 Polyethyleneimine–Carbon Nanotube Composites


    10. Electrical and Electromagnetic Properties

    of CNT/Polymer Composites

    Seyed A. Mirmohammadi, Samaheh Sadjadi, Naeimeh Bahri-Laleh

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Basic Concepts in Electromagnetism

    and Electrical Conductivity

    10.3 Electrical/Electromagnetic Behavior of CNT/

    Polymer Composites

    10.4 Conclusions

    11. Atomistic Simulations of Carbon Nanotubes:

    Stiffness, Strength, and Toughness of Locally

    Buckled CNTs

    Nuno Silvestre, Bruno Faria, José N. Canongia Lopes

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Atomistic Modeling and Molecular Dynamics

    11.3 Behavior of Locally Buckled Carbon Nanotubes

    11.4 Final Remarks and Future Developments


    12. Finite Element Modeling of Nanotubes

    Androniki S. Tsiamaki, Georgios I. Giannopoulos,

    Stylianos K. Georgantzinos, Nick K. Anifantis

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Atomistic Geometry of Nanotubes

    12.3 Potential Energy Description

    12.4 Modeling of Nanotube Interatomic Interactions

    12.5 Governing Equations

    12.6 Results

    12.7 Conclusions


    13. Multiscale Simulation of Impact Response of

    Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposites

    Asimina K. Manta, Konstantinos I. Tserpes

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 The Multiscale Approach

    13.3 RVEs

    13.4 Modeling of Nanoindentation Test

    13.5 Parametric Studies

    13.6 Simulation of Nanoindentation

    13.7 Conclusions

    14. Theoretical Modeling of CNT–Polymer Interactions

    Abbas Montazeri, Behzad Mehrafrooz

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Experimental Investigations

    14.3 Numerical Modeling Techniques

    14.4 Concluding Remarks


    15. Continuum/Finite Element Modeling of Carbon

    Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

    Nam Vu-Bac, Timon Rabczuk, Xiaoying Zhuang

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Models at the Nanoscale

    15.3 Models at the Microscale

    15.4 Models at the Mesoscale

    15.5 Models at the Macroscale

    15.6 Conclusions


    16. Multiscale Continuum Modeling of Carbon

    Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

    Konstantinos I. Tserpes, Aggeliki Chanteli

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 The Method of Continuum Multiscale Modeling

    16.3 Models of the RVE and RUC

    16.4 Parametric Studies

    16.5 Experiments

    16.6 Modeling of the MWCNT/PP Tension Specimen

    16.7 Numerical Results

    16.8 Conclusions

    17. Nonlinear Multiscale Modeling of CNT/Polymer


    David Weidt, Łukasz Figiel

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Experimental Part

    17.3 Nonlinear Multiscale Nanocomposite Model

    17.4 Results and Discussion

    17.5 Conclusions


    18. Computational Multiscale Modeling of Carbon

    Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

    Mohammad Silani, Timon Rabczuk, Xiaoying Zhuang

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Hierarchical Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

    18.3 Semiconcurrent Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

    18.4 Concurrent Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

    18.5 Challenges and Concluding Remarks


    19. Macroscopic Elastic Properties of Nonbonded

    Wavy Carbon Nanotube Composites

    Saeed Herasati, Liangchi Zhang, Majid Elyasi

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Multiscale Modeling of CNT Composites

    19.3 Simplifications on NRVE (Three-Phase Model)

    19.4 A Case Study on the Effect of Interphase

    19.5 Conclusions


    20. Stochastic Multiscale Modeling of CNT/Polymer

    Roham Rafiee, Vahid Firouzbakht

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Definition of RVEs for Each Scale

    20.3 Multiscale Modeling

    20.4 Integrated Modeling Procedure

    20.5 Model Validation

    20.6 Conclusions


    21. Stochastic Modeling of CNT-Grown Fibers

    Roham Rafiee, Amin Ghorbanhosseini

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Modeling Framework

    21.3 Top-Down Scanning

    21.4 Bottom-Up Modeling

    21.5 Stochastic Modeling

    21.6 Model Validation

    21.7 Parametric Study

    21.8 Concluding Remarks



Product details

  • No. of pages: 586
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: September 26, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323482219
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323482226

About the Editor

Roham Rafiee

Roham Rafiee is Associate Professor at the University of Tehran, Iran, where he founded the Composites Research Laboratory, specializing in nanocomposites. He is a member of several graduate student thesis advisory committees and also collaborating with universities worldwide including the University of Weimar, Germany and UPM, Malaysia. Dr Rafiee’s research interests focus on carbon nanotube reinforced polymers, mechanics of composite materials, design and analysis of composite structures, fatigue modelling of composite structures, finite element modelling and analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor at the University of Tehran, Iran

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