Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323482219, 9780323482226

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers

1st Edition

From Nanoscale to Macroscale

Editors: Roham Rafiee
eBook ISBN: 9780323482226
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323482219
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 26th September 2017
Page Count: 586
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Table of Contents

1. CNT Basics and Characteristics

Roghayeh Ghasempour, Hamid Narei

1.1 Introduction to Carbon

1.2 History

1.3 Structure

1.4 Physical Properties of CNTs

1.5 Characterization of CNTs

1.6 Conclusions


2. Engineering Applications of Carbon Nanotubes

Soheil Jafari

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Structural Reinforcement

2.3 Coatings and Films Applications of CNTs

2.4 CNTs in Electromagnetics

2.5 Biotechnological and Biomedical Applications of CNTs

2.6 Sensors and Actuators Applications of CNTs

2.7 Acoustic and Electroacoustic Applications of CNTs

2.8 Other Applications of CNTs

2.9 Conclusions

3. Carbon Nanotubes Processing

Reza Malekimoghadam, Roham Rafiee

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Arc Discharge

3.3 Laser Ablation

3.4 Thermal CVD

3.5 Plasma-Enhanced CVD

3.6 Catalyst Preparation

3.7 Purification

3.8 Conclusions


4. Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposites
Tejendra K. Gupta, Kumar Shanmugan

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fabrication of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

4.3 Dispersion and Alignment of CNTs in Polymer

Matrices for Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites

4.4 Chemical Modifications of CNTs for Processing of

Polymer Nanocomposites

4.5 Conclusions and Future Scope


5. Improving Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Interactions

in Nanocomposites

Francis Avilés, Juan V. Cauich-Rodríguez, Patricio T. Estay,

Mehrdad Yazdani-Pedram, Héctor Aguilar-Bolados

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Carbon Nanotube Functionalization Methods

5.3 Carbon Nanotube Functionalization for Improved

Properties of Polymer Composites

6. Deposition of Carbon Nanotubes on Fibers

Francis Avilés, José de Jesús Ku-Herrera,

Andrés I. Oliva-Avilés

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Methods of Deposition and Growth of Carbon

Nanotubes on Engineering Fibers

6.3 Carbon Nanotube-Modified Fibers for Multiscale

Polymer Composites


7. Toxicity and Safety Issues of Carbon Nanotubes

Hamid Narei, Roghayeh Ghasempour, Omid Akhavan

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Effects of CNTs on Systems and Organs of the

Human Body

7.3 Determinants of CNT-Induced Toxicity

7.4 Mechanisms of CNT-Induced Toxicity

7.5 Ecotoxicological Effects of CNTs

7.6 Conclusions


8. Mechanical Properties of Isolated Carbon Nanotube
G. Pal, Kumar Shanmugan

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Structure of Carbon Nanotubes

8.3 Elastic Properties of CNTs

8.4 Large Elastic Deformation in CNTs

8.5 Tensile Strength of CNTs

8.6 Epilogue


9. Mechanical Properties of CNT/Polymer

Antonio Pantano

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Polyethylene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.3 Polymethyl Methacrylate–Carbon

Nanotube Composites

9.4 Polypropylene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.5 Polyvinyl Alcohol–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.6 Polystyrene–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.7 Polyvinyl Chloride–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.8 Polystyrene-co-Butyl Acrylate–Carbon

Nanotube Composites

9.9 Epoxy–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.10 Nylon–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.11 Polyimide–Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.12 Polystyrene-b-Butadiene-co-Butyleneb-

Styrene-Carbon Nanotube Composites

9.13 Methyl-Ethyl Methacrylate–Carbon

Nanotube Composites

9.14 Polyethyleneimine–Carbon Nanotube Composites


10. Electrical and Electromagnetic Properties

of CNT/Polymer Composites

Seyed A. Mirmohammadi, Samaheh Sadjadi, Naeimeh Bahri-Laleh

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Basic Concepts in Electromagnetism

and Electrical Conductivity

10.3 Electrical/Electromagnetic Behavior of CNT/

Polymer Composites

10.4 Conclusions

11. Atomistic Simulations of Carbon Nanotubes:

Stiffness, Strength, and Toughness of Locally

Buckled CNTs

Nuno Silvestre, Bruno Faria, José N. Canongia Lopes

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Atomistic Modeling and Molecular Dynamics

11.3 Behavior of Locally Buckled Carbon Nanotubes

11.4 Final Remarks and Future Developments


12. Finite Element Modeling of Nanotubes

Androniki S. Tsiamaki, Georgios I. Giannopoulos,

Stylianos K. Georgantzinos, Nick K. Anifantis

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Atomistic Geometry of Nanotubes

12.3 Potential Energy Description

12.4 Modeling of Nanotube Interatomic Interactions

12.5 Governing Equations

12.6 Results

12.7 Conclusions


13. Multiscale Simulation of Impact Response of

Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposites

Asimina K. Manta, Konstantinos I. Tserpes

13.1 Introduction

13.2 The Multiscale Approach

13.3 RVEs

13.4 Modeling of Nanoindentation Test

13.5 Parametric Studies

13.6 Simulation of Nanoindentation

13.7 Conclusions

14. Theoretical Modeling of CNT–Polymer Interactions

Abbas Montazeri, Behzad Mehrafrooz

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Experimental Investigations

14.3 Numerical Modeling Techniques

14.4 Concluding Remarks


15. Continuum/Finite Element Modeling of Carbon

Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

Nam Vu-Bac, Timon Rabczuk, Xiaoying Zhuang

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Models at the Nanoscale

15.3 Models at the Microscale

15.4 Models at the Mesoscale

15.5 Models at the Macroscale

15.6 Conclusions


16. Multiscale Continuum Modeling of Carbon

Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

Konstantinos I. Tserpes, Aggeliki Chanteli

16.1 Introduction

16.2 The Method of Continuum Multiscale Modeling

16.3 Models of the RVE and RUC

16.4 Parametric Studies

16.5 Experiments

16.6 Modeling of the MWCNT/PP Tension Specimen

16.7 Numerical Results

16.8 Conclusions

17. Nonlinear Multiscale Modeling of CNT/Polymer


David Weidt, Łukasz Figiel

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Experimental Part

17.3 Nonlinear Multiscale Nanocomposite Model

17.4 Results and Discussion

17.5 Conclusions


18. Computational Multiscale Modeling of Carbon

Nanotube–Reinforced Polymers

Mohammad Silani, Timon Rabczuk, Xiaoying Zhuang

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Hierarchical Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

18.3 Semiconcurrent Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

18.4 Concurrent Multiscale Methods for CNRPs

18.5 Challenges and Concluding Remarks


19. Macroscopic Elastic Properties of Nonbonded

Wavy Carbon Nanotube Composites

Saeed Herasati, Liangchi Zhang, Majid Elyasi

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Multiscale Modeling of CNT Composites

19.3 Simplifications on NRVE (Three-Phase Model)

19.4 A Case Study on the Effect of Interphase

19.5 Conclusions


20. Stochastic Multiscale Modeling of CNT/Polymer

Roham Rafiee, Vahid Firouzbakht

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Definition of RVEs for Each Scale

20.3 Multiscale Modeling

20.4 Integrated Modeling Procedure

20.5 Model Validation

20.6 Conclusions


21. Stochastic Modeling of CNT-Grown Fibers

Roham Rafiee, Amin Ghorbanhosseini

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Modeling Framework

21.3 Top-Down Scanning

21.4 Bottom-Up Modeling

21.5 Stochastic Modeling

21.6 Model Validation

21.7 Parametric Study

21.8 Concluding Remarks




Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers: From Nanoscale to Macroscale addresses the advances in nanotechnology that have led to the development of a new class of composite materials known as CNT-reinforced polymers. The low density and high aspect ratio, together with their exceptional mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, render carbon nanotubes as a good reinforcing agent for composites. In addition, these simulation and modeling techniques play a significant role in characterizing their properties and understanding their mechanical behavior, and are thus discussed and demonstrated in this comprehensive book that presents the state-of-the-art research in the field of modeling, characterization and processing.

The book separates the theoretical studies on the mechanical properties of CNTs and their composites into atomistic modeling and continuum mechanics-based approaches, including both analytical and numerical ones, along with multi-scale modeling techniques.

Different efforts have been done in this field to address the mechanical behavior of isolated CNTs and their composites by numerous researchers, signaling that this area of study is ongoing.

Key Features

  • Explains modeling approaches to carbon nanotubes, together with their application, strengths and limitations
  • Outlines the properties of different carbon nanotube-based composites, exploring how they are used in the mechanical and structural components
  • Analyzes the behavior of carbon nanotube-based composites in different conditions


Materials Scientists and Engineers working in the areas of carbon nanotubes and their composites


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2018
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Roham Rafiee Editor

Roham Rafiee is Associate Professor at the University of Tehran, Iran, where he founded the Composites Research Laboratory, specializing in nanocomposites. He is a member of several graduate student thesis advisory committees and also collaborating with universities worldwide including the University of Weimar, Germany and UPM, Malaysia. Dr Rafiee’s research interests focus on carbon nanotube reinforced polymers, mechanics of composite materials, design and analysis of composite structures, fatigue modelling of composite structures, finite element modelling and analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor at the University of Tehran, Iran