Carbon Dioxide, Climate and Society

Carbon Dioxide, Climate and Society

Proceedings of a IIASA Workshop cosponsored by WMO, UNEP, and SCOPE, February 21 - 24, 1978

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editor: Jill Williams
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159355

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Description

Carbon Dioxide, Climate and Society contains the proceedings of a workshop organized by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis on February 21- 24, 1978. The papers explore the potential consequences of carbon dioxide for climate and society and considers the biogeochemical carbon cycle as a background for predicting future atmospheric concentrations of CO2. The state of knowledge regarding the impacts of increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations on climate and environment is also discussed, along with the implications of such knowledge (and lack thereof) for decision-making on energy strategies. This book consists of 36 chapters and opens with an overview of energy systems and CO2 as well as the global carbon cycle. The reader is then introduced to the dynamics of the carbon cycle based on the findings of isotope studies; biotic interactions with atmospheric CO2; cryospheric responses to global temperature increase; and the effects of doubling the CO2 concentration on radiative-convective equilibrium. The following chapters focus on the influence of the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere on climate; CO2 disposal in the ocean; the link between climate and economic development; and how energy strategies are affected by the CO2 question. This monograph will be a valuable resource of information for climatologists and energy policymakers.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction

    Introductory Statements

    Welcoming Address

    Opening Address on Behalf of the Secretary General of WMO

    Statement on Behalf of UNEP

    Introductory Remarks from SCOPE

    A Perspective on Energy Systems and Carbon Dioxide

    The Global Carbon Cycle

    The Carbon Cycle

    Modeling the Global Carbon Cycle

    The Dynamics of the Carbon Cycle as Revealed by Isotope Studies

    Biotic Interactions with Atmospheric CO2

    Preliminary Evaluation of Past CO2 Increase as Derived from 13C Measurements in Tree Rings

    Model Responses of the Atmospheric CO2 Level and 13C/12C Ratio to Biogenic CO2 Input

    Source Functions for CO2 in the Atmosphere

    Modeling Characteristics of Terrestrial Organic Carbon

    Vegetation and CO2 Changes

    A Nonlinear Interaction Model between Land Biota and the Atmosphere

    Mathematical Treatment of Box Models for the CO2-Cycle of the Earth

    The Impact on Climate and Environment of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations

    Introduction to the Climate/Environment Aspects of CO2 (A Pessimistic View)

    The Potential Consequences of Increasing CO2 Levels in the Atmosphere

    Cryospheric Responses to a Global Temperature Increase

    The Effects of Doubling the CO2 Concentration on Radiative-Convective Equilibrium

    Global Temperature Changes: Relative Importance of Different Parameters as Calculated with a Radiative-Convective Model

    Factors of the Greenhouse Effect of the Atmosphere and Their Influence on Climate

    Diffusion and Transfer of Climatically Relevant Gases Close to the Earth s Surface

    The Interaction between Energy Strategies and the CO2 Question

    Climatic Limits to Growth: How Soon? How Serious

    Estimates of a Combined Greenhouse Effect as Background for a Climate Scenario During Global Warming

    The Effects of Different Energy Strategies on the Atmospheric CO2 Concentration and Climate

    Scientific Information Required by Policymakers and Regulating Decisionmakers

    Fossil Fuel Utilization Policy Assessment and CO2 Induced Climatic Change

    The Atmospheric CO2 Consequences of Heavy Dependence on Coal

    Will Hypotheses about Properties of CO2 Affect Energy Conceptions

    Standard Setting for Carbon Dioxide

    Carbon Dioxide Disposal in the Ocean

    Deep Seas: Climate and Economic Development

    Reports of the Working Groups

    Working Group I: The Carbon Cycle

    Working Group II: The Impact on Climate and Environment of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations

    Working Group III: The Interaction between Energy Strategies and the CO2 Question

    Appendix

    Participants and Authors of Conference Presentations

Product details

  • No. of pages: 342
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159355

About the Editor

Jill Williams

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