Cambial Growth, Root Growth, and Reproductive Growth

Cambial Growth, Root Growth, and Reproductive Growth

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Author: T.T. Kozlowski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163149

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Growth and Development of Trees, Volume II: Cambial growth, Root Growth, and Reproductive Growth describes the important features of growth and development of trees and other woody plants during their life cycles. This nine-chapter book highlights the significant changes that take place in vegetative and reproductive growth as woody plants progress from juvenility to adulthood and, finally, to a senescent state. The first four chapters cover the growth of tree cambium, which is a layer of delicate meristematic tissue between the inner bark or phloem and the wood or xylem. These chapters examine the variation, control, and measurement of cambial growth. The next two chapters look into the growth mechanism of specialized and modified root systems, such as aerial, grafted, knee, and nodulated roots, root buttresses, mycorrhiza, and pneumatophores. These chapters also discuss the distribution and growth characteristics of roots of woody plants. Other chapters explore the significant changes and features during flowering and fruit, cone, and seed development. The last chapter considers some aspects of internal and external control of reproductive growth at critical stages of development. Some practical methods for stimulating fruit and seed production by trees are also provided. This book will be of great value to arborists, foresters, horticulturists, plant ecologists, plant physiologists, plant anatomists, tree breeders and geneticists, plant pathologists, entomologists, soil scientists, meteorologists, and landscape architects. It is also intended for upper level undergraduate and graduate students.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contents of Volume I

    Erratum to Volume I

    1. Cambial Growth

    Mature Xylem and Phloem Increments

    Production of Xylem and Phloem


    Expansion of the Cambium

    Phellogen or Cork Cambium

    Cambial Growth in Wound Healing and Grafting

    Anomalous Cambial Growth

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    2. Variation in Cambial Growth

    Variations in Growth Rings

    Variations in Duration of Cambial Growth

    Vertical Distribution of Cambial Growth

    Vertical Alignment of Cambial Derivatives

    Variations in Size of Cambial Derivatives

    Reaction Wood

    Variations in Bark Patterns

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    3. Control of Cambial Growth


    Control of Cambial Growth by Tree Crowns

    Leaf Development and Cambial Growth

    Vertical Distribution of Cambial Growth

    Defoliation and Cambial Growth

    Environmental Control of Cambial Growth

    Site Factors

    Internal Control of Cambial Growth

    Control of Earlywood-Latewood Relations

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    4. Measurement of Cambial Growth


    Measurement of Increase in Stem Radius, Diameter, or Girth



    Increment Cores

    Scanning Methods

    Bark Slipping

    Marking Partial Growth Increments

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    5. Root Growth

    Depth and Spread of Root Systems

    Longevity of Roots

    Root Regeneration

    Root Hairs

    Primary Growth of Roots

    Secondary Growth of Roots

    Control of Root Growth

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    6. Specialized and Modified Roots

    Aerial Roots

    Grafted Roots

    Root Buttresses

    Knee Roots and Pneumatophores

    Nodulated Roots


    Suggested Collateral Reading

    7. Flowering

    Floral Structure and Arrangement

    Floral Initiation and Development

    Periodicity of Flowering


    Suggested Collateral Reading

    8. Fruit, Cone, and Seed Development


    Fruit Growth in Angiosperms

    Abscission of Reproductive Structures

    Cone Development in Gymnosperms

    Periodicity of Reproductive Growth

    Effects of Reproductive Growth on Vegetative Growth

    Suggested Collateral Reading

    9. Control of Reproductive Growth


    Floral Induction


    Internal Requirements for Reproductive Growth

    Stimulation of Reproductive Growth

    Suggested Collateral Reading


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 530
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163149

About the Author

T.T. Kozlowski

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