Building Physics: Lighting

Building Physics: Lighting

Seeing in the Artificial Environment

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Author: W. R. Stevens
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148328

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Building Physics: Lighting, Seeing in the Artificial Environment deals with basic principles of lighting as used in architecture, in building maintenance, and in an artificial environment. The book starts with the process of how humans see; the interaction of the eye and mind; and the effects of fatigue, visual disorders, and age. The phenomena of light are then discussed — how light behaves and how it is measured. Light and light waves beyond the visible spectrum are explained scientifically as being part of the electromagnetic spectrum within the 400 to 760 nm ranges. The different light sources are identified as daylight and artificial lights, with many types of lamps under the latter. As regards artificial lighting, a lighting fitting has two functions: redistributes luminescence properly and provides a suitable receptacle for the lamp. The requirements when using artificial or natural light in an exterior or interior setting are enumerated. The book also explains the specifications of the amount of light and how this amount is calculated. Interior lighting, both from artificial and natural sources, is comprehensively discussed, including issues such as discomfort glare, reflected glare, design and aesthetics, lighting requirements in different kinds of buildings, and flammability properties. The text also tackles exterior lighting including decorative floodlights, lighting for tunnels and underpasses, and special problem areas. Architects, engineers, electricians, interior designers, lighting technicians, environmentalists, and readers with interest in home decor will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Preface to Second Printing

    1 The Eye and How We See

    Eye and Mind

    Visual Mechanism


    Visual Acuity

    Luminance and Luminosity

    Visual Performance

    Investigations "On Site"


    Fatigue, Visual Defects, Age

    2 Light: Its Behavior and How it is Measured

    Wave and Quantum Propagation

    Light Flux Related to Radiant Energy

    Flux, Intensity and Illumination

    Photometric Performance: Symmetric Distributions

    Asymmetric Distributions

    Calculation of Illuminance

    Color: Trichromatic System

    Mixtures of Pigments

    Color Appearance and Color Rendering

    Color Temperature


    3 Light Sources

    Daylight—Natural and Artificial

    Incandescent Filament Lamps

    Tungsten Halogen Lamps

    Gas Discharge Lamps

    Discharge Lamp Control Gear


    High-Pressure Mercury Discharge Lamps

    Xenon Discharge Lamps

    Tubular Fluorescent Lamps: Hot Cathode

    Tubular Fluorescent Lamp Control Gear

    Cold Cathode Discharge Lamps

    Sodium Discharge Lamps

    Carbon Arc Lamps

    4 Lighting Fittings

    Light Control by Reflection

    Diffusing Reflectors

    Specular Reflectors

    Light Control by Refraction


    Mechanical Aspects of Design

    Thermal Design


    Electrical Safety


    5 Interior Lighting (1)

    Basic Requirements

    Quantity of Light: Specification

    Quantity of Light: Calculation

    British Zonal Classification

    Local Lighting

    Discomfort Glare

    Comparison of Installations

    Other Discomfort Glare Evaluations

    Reflected Glare: Veiling Reflection

    The Pleasant Installation

    6 Interior Lighting (2)

    Designed Appearance Technique

    Lighting for Public Buildings

    Lighting for Stores and Restaurants

    Lighting for Hospitals

    Lighting for Schools

    Lighting for Offices

    Lighting and Air-Conditioning

    Lighting in Industry

    Flammable Situations

    Corrosive Situations


    Lighting for the Home

    Emergency Lighting

    7 Interior Lighting (3)

    Natural Lighting and Building Design

    Units and Definitions

    Calculation of Daylight

    Measurement of Daylight

    Daylight Requirements

    Relation between Daylight Factor and Illuminance

    Vector and Scalar Illumination

    Permanent Supplementary Artificial Lighting of Interiors

    8 Exterior Lighting

    Natural Light and Building Design

    Area Lighting

    Calculation of Illuminance

    Some Special Problems

    Decorative Floodlighting

    Street Lighting

    Traffic Routes

    Side and Residential Roads

    Open Spaces

    Tunnels and Underpasses

    Handrail Lighting

    Appendix. Photometric Units

    Further Reading

    Conversion Factors


Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148328

About the Author

W. R. Stevens

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