Buckling and Ultimate Strength of Ship and Ship-like Floating Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128038499, 9780128039120

Buckling and Ultimate Strength of Ship and Ship-like Floating Structures

1st Edition

Authors: Tetsuya Yao Masahiko Fujikubo
eBook ISBN: 9780128039120
Paperback ISBN: 9780128038499
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 2nd August 2016
Page Count: 536
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Description

Buckling and Ultimate Strength of Ship and Ship-like Floating Structures provides an integrated state-of-the-art evaluation of ship structure mechanics including buckling, plastic failure, ultimate strength, and ultimate bending moments. For the design of any industrial product, it is necessary to understand the fundamentals in the failure behavior of structures under extreme loads. Significant developments have been made in understanding the analysis method of plastic collapse and behavior and strength of structures accompanied by buckling.

Written by two of the foremost experts in international ship design and ocean engineering, this book introduces fundamental theories and methods as well as new content on the behavior of buckling/plastic collapse that help explain analysis like the initial imperfections produced by welding and the ultimate strength of plates, double bottom structures of bulk carriers, and ship and FPSO hull girders in longitudinal bending.

Rounding out with additional coverage on floating structures such as oil and gas platforms and LNG/FLNG structural characteristics, Buckling and Ultimate Strength of Ship and Ship-like Floating Structures is a must-have resource for naval architects and other marine engineering professionals seeking to gain an in-depth understanding of the technological developments in this area.

Key Features

  • Explains how the initial imperfections produced by welding, residual stress, and initial deflection in panels influence the collapse behavior and the compressive ultimate strength of rectangular plates
  • Evaluates the ultimate strength of plate girders under bending and shearing as well as combined bend/shear loads
  • Provides fundamental theories, simple formulas, and analytical methods such as Finite Element Method or Smith's Method to simulate and evaluate buckling/plastic collapse behavior and strength of plates under various conditions
  • Authored by two of the foremost experts in international ship design and ocean engineering
  • Includes additional coverage on floating structures such as oil and gas platforms

Readership

Primary: Research Engineers Secondary: Naval Architects, Marine Engineers, Offshore Oil and Gas Engineers, Civil Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Buckling/Plastic Collapse of Ship and Ship-Like Floating Structures
    • 1.2 Short Historical Review on Research Works
    • 1.3 Contents of the Text
    • Exercises
  • Chapter 2: Initial Imperfections due to Welding
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Initial Imperfections due to Welding
    • 2.2 Welding Residual Stress
    • 2.3 Initial Distortion/Deflection
    • 2.4 Setting of Initial Imperfections due to Welding in Buckling/Plastic Collapse Analysis
    • Exercises
  • Chapter 3: Fundamental Theory and Methods of Analysis to Simulate Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Deflection Mode of Plates and Stiffened Plates in Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior
    • 3.2 Buckling Strength Analysis
    • 3.3 Elastic Large Deflection Analysis of Rectangular Plate Subjected to Combined Loads
    • 3.4 Elastoplastic Large Deflection Analysis
    • Exercises
    • 3.5 Appendix: Fundamental Equations for Elastic Large Deflection Analysis Assuming General Deflection Mode
    • 3.6 Appendix: Derivation of EQ. 3.83 for Strain-Displacement Relationship
    • 3.7 Appendix: Derivation of Initial Stress Stiffness Matrix
  • Chapter 4: Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Rectangular Plate Subjected to Uni-Axial Thrust
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Possible Buckling Modes/Behavior
    • 4.2 Buckling Strength
    • 4.3 Local Buckling Strength of Stiffened Plate Considering Web-Plate Interactions
    • 4.4 Secondary Buckling in Rectangular Plate Subjected to Uni-Axial Thrust
    • 4.5 Postbuckling Behavior and Ultimate Strength
    • 4.6 Postultimate Strength Behavior of Rectangular Plate Under Uni-Axial Thrust
    • 4.7 Buckling/ Plastic Collapse Behavior of Rectangular Plates Under Uni-Axial Cyclic Loading
    • Exercises
    • 4.8 Appendix: Application of Method of Least Squares to Derive Deflection Components From FEM Results
    • 4.9 Appendix: Applicability of FEM Code to Buckling/Plastic Collapse Analysis of Plates Subjected to Cyclic Loading
  • Chapter 5: Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Rectangular Plates Subjected to Combined Loads
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Collapse Behavior and Strength of Continuous Plates Under Combined Longitudinal/Transverse Thrust and Lateral Pressure Loads
    • 5.2 Plates Under Combined Uni-Axial Thrust and Bending
    • 5.3 Plates Under Combined Uni-Axial Thrust and Shear Loads
    • Exercises
    • 5.4 Appendix: Ultimate Strength of a Strip Subjected to Axial Thrust
  • Chapter 6: Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Stiffened Plates
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Buckling Collapse Behavior and Strength of Stiffened Plates
    • 6.2 Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Continuous Stiffened Plates
    • 6.3 Simplified Method to Evaluate Compressive Ultimate Strength of Continuous Stiffened Plates Subjected to Combined Bi-Axial Thrust and Lateral Pressure
    • Exercises
    • 6.4 Appendix: Buckling Strength of Column With Attached Plating Under Axial Compression
    • 6.5 Appendix: Parameters in Closed Form Formulas to Evaluate Ultimate Strength of Stiffened Plate Subjected to Combined Bi-Axial In-Plane Loads and Lateral Pressure
  • Chapter 7: Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Plate Girders Subjected to Combined Bending and Shear Loads
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Research on Buckling of Plate Girders in Ship and Ship-Like Floating Structures
    • 7.2 Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Unstiffened Plate Girders
    • 7.3 Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior and Strength of Stiffened Girders in Shear
    • Exercises
  • Chapter 8: Progressive Collapse Behavior and Ultimate Strength of Hull Girder of Ship and Ship-Like Floating Structures in Longitudinal Bending
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Ultimate Longitudinal Strength
    • 8.2 Research Works on Progressive Collapse Behavior and Strength of Hull Girder in Longitudinal Bending [3, 4]
    • 8.3 Smith’s Method
    • 8.4 Application of Nonlinear FEM
    • 8.5 Application of the ISUM
    • 8.6 Collapse Tests on Hull Girder Models
    • 8.7 Total System for Progressive Collapse Analysis on Ship’s Hull Girder
    • Exercises
    • 8.8 Appendix: Derivation of Average Stress-Average Strain Relationships of Elements for Smith’s Method [29]
    • 8.9 Appendix: A Simple Method to Evaluate Warping of Hull Girder Cross-Section [39]
    • 8.11 Appendix: Fundamental Formulation in Explicit FEM [21]
    • 8.12 Appendix: Relaxation of Welding Residual Stress by Preloading [3]
    • 8.13 Appendix: Buckling Strength of Stiffener Element With Attached Plating
  • Chapter 9: Theoretical Background and Assessment of Existing Design Formulas to Evaluate Ultimate Strength
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Rule Formulas
    • 9.2 Assessment of Rule Formulas in CSR-B
    • 9.3 Assessment of Rule Formulas in Panel Ultimate Limit State (PULS)
    • 9.4 Average Stress-Average Strain Relationship for Application of Smith’s Method
    • Exercises
    • 9.5 Appendix: Ultimate Strength of Stiffened Plate Subjected to Uni-Axial Thrust
  • Chapter 10: Buckling/Plastic Collapse Behavior of Structural Members and Systems in Ship and Ship-Like Floating Structures
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Triangular Corner Brackets
    • 10.3 Watertight Transverse Bulkhead of Bulk Carrier
    • 10.4 Double Bottom of Bulk Carrier
    • 10.5 Hatch Cover of Bulk Carriers
    • Exercises
    • 10.6 Appendix: Optimum Thickness of Triangular Corner Bracket
    • 10.7 Simple Method to Evaluate Collapse Load of Corrugated Bulkhead subjected to Lateral Pressure
  • Appendix A: Chronological Table of Study on Buckling/Ultimate Strength
  • Appendix B: Fundamentals in Idealized Structural Unit Method (ISUM)
    • B.1 Short History of ISUM Development
    • B.2 Formulation of New ISUM Element
    • B.3 Accuracy of the Proposed Shape Functions
  • Appendix C: Structural Characteristics of Representative Ship and Ship-Like Floating Structures
    • C.1 Bulk Carriers
    • C.2 Single Hull Tanker
    • C.3 Attention From a Structural Strength Viewpoint
    • C.4 Double Hull Tanker
    • C.5 Container Ship
    • C.6 Pure Car Carrier
    • C.7 LNG Carrier (Moss-Type Sphere Tank System)
    • C.8 Attention From a Structural Strength Viewpoint
    • C.9 LNG Carrier (Membrane Tank System)
    • C.10 Ore Carrier
    • C.11 Floating Production, Storage, and Offloading Systems
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
536
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780128039120
Paperback ISBN:
9780128038499

About the Author

Tetsuya Yao

Tetsuya Yao is Professor Emeritus of Osaka University, Professor Emeritus of Hiroshima University and Technical Advisor at Tsuneishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. He received his BSc, MSc, and PhD in Engineering at Osaka University with a focus on Naval Architecture. His main fields of research include Structural Mechanics, Structural Analysis, Optimal Design, and Fracture Mechanics particularly in relation to buckling/plastic collapse behavior and strength of steel plated structures.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus of Osaka University and Hiroshima University, Technical Advisor at Tsuneishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., Japan

Masahiko Fujikubo

Masahiko Fujikubo is Professor in Structural Integrity Laboratory in Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Osaka University. He received his BSc, MSc, and PhD in Engineering at Osaka University with a focus on Naval Architecture. After obtaining his master degree, he worked for the Nippon Steel Cooperation as an engineer. He was then employed as research assistant by Hiroshima University. Upon receiving his doctoral degree from Osaka University, he became associate professor in 1989 and professor in 1999. My research area is the ultimate strength of ships and offshore structures. He was involved in the development of very large floating structures (VLFS), such as a floating airport and wrote several books related to the structural strength and design of ships and offshore structures including VFFS.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Osaka University, Japan