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Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128198186

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity

1st Edition

Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders

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Author: Jos Eggermont
Paperback ISBN: 9780128198186
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 25th January 2021
Page Count: 200
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Description

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language.

In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Key Features

  • Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain
  • Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language
  • Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language
  • Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks
  • Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Readership

Auditory Neuroscientists, Cognitive neuroscientists, Audiologists, Paediatricians, Clinical Psychologists, Neurologists, Psychiatrists

Table of Contents

SECTION 1 Oscillations
1. Brain rhythms, neural synchrony and networks in health and disease
2. The gamma, beta and theta rhythms and nested oscillations
3. The alpha and delta rhythms and their interaction with other brain rhythms
4. Brain rhythms underlying perception and cognition

SECTION 2 Synchrony
5. Neural spike-firing synchrony and population activity
6. From oscillation synchrony to neural networks

SECTION 3 Plasticity
7. Rhythms and networks in the hearing and deaf brain
8. Neuromodulation of brain rhythms and connectivity
9. Lifespan changes in brain rhythms and networks

SECTION 4 Disorders
10. Brain rhythms and connectivity changes in tinnitus patients
11. Developmental disorders: Dyslexia and Autism
12. Schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s Disease

Details

No. of pages:
200
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2021
Published:
25th January 2021
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128198186

About the Author

Jos Eggermont

Dr. Jos J. Eggermont is an Emeritus Professor in the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, and Psychology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada. Dr. Eggermont is one of the most renowned scientists in the field of the auditory system and his work has contributed substantially to the current knowledge about hearing loss. His research comprises most aspects of audition with an emphasis on the electrophysiology of the auditory system in experimental animals. He has published over 200 scientific articles, authored/edited 8 books, and contributed to over 90 book chapters all focusing on the auditory system.

Affiliations and Expertise

Departments of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada

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