Boron Separation Processes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444634542, 9780444634658

Boron Separation Processes

1st Edition

Editors: Nalan Kabay Marek Bryjak Nidal Hilal
eBook ISBN: 9780444634658
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444634542
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 23rd January 2015
Page Count: 412
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Description

The impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation represents one of greatest human challenges for the 21st century, and membrane technology has emerged as a serious contender to confront the crisis. Yet, whilst there are countless texts on wastewater treatment and on membrane technologies, none address the boron problem and separation processes for boron elimination. Boron Separation Processes fills this gap and provides a unique and single source that highlights the growing and competitive importance of these processes. For the first time, the reader is able to see in one reference work the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly growing field. The book focuses on four main areas:

  • Effect of boron on humans and plants
  • Separation of boron by ion exchange and adsorption processes
  • Separation of boron by membrane processes
  • Simulation and optimization studies for boron separation

Key Features

  • Provides in one source a state-of-the-art overview of this compelling area
  • Reviews the environmental impact of boron before introducing emerging boron separation processes
  • Includes simulation and optimization studies for boron separation processes
  • Describes boron separation processes applicable to specific sources, such as seawater, geothermal water and wastewater

Readership

Chemical and environmental engineers working in membrane treatment of water and waste-water as well as professionals in companies related to water treatment equipment, global engineering, mining, geothermal energy, and seawater desalination. Also for undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and professors

Table of Contents

  • Editors' Preface
  • Chapter 1. Boron in the Environment
    • 1.1. Boron History, Sources, Chemistry, and Applications
    • 1.2. Boron Sources and Cycles in the Environment
    • 1.3. Boron in Atmosphere, Natural Waters, and Soil
    • 1.4. Effect of Boron on Microbiota and Plants
    • 1.5. Effect of Boron on Animals and Humans
  • Chapter 2. The Chemistry of Boron in Water
    • 2.1. Boron and Its Chemical Properties
    • 2.2. Boron in Nature
    • 2.3. Physicochemistry of Boron Compounds in Water
    • 2.4. Complexation of Boron Species in Water
    • 2.5. Boron and Drinking Water Regulations
    • 2.6. Analytical Methods for Measuring Boron Content in Water
  • Chapter 3. Risk Assessment of Borates in Occupational Settings
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Toxicokinetics
    • 3.3. Health Risk Assessment
    • 3.4. Conclusion
    • Abbreviations
  • Chapter 4. Ion Exchange Borate Kinetics
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Borate Ionic Chemistry
    • 4.3. Sorption Mechanism of Boron on Ion Exchanger
    • 4.4. Sorption Equilibrium and Kinetics
  • Chapter 5. Separation and Recovery of Boron From Various Resources Using Chelate Adsorbents
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Removal Technology of Boron From Aqueous Solution
    • 5.3. Adsorption Behavior of Boron by Chelate Resins and Chelating Fibers
    • 5.4. Chromatographic Separation of Boron From Aqueous Solution
    • 5.5. Boron Removal From Geothermal Water
    • 5.6. Boron Recovery From Salt Lake Brine
  • Chapter 6. Adsorption of Boron by Minerals, Clays, and Soils
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Adsorption of Boron on Minerals and Clays
    • 6.3. Adsorption of Boron on Soils and Humic Acids
  • Chapter 7. Iminobis-Alkylene Diol Function as Alternative Boron-Chelating Group: Its Incorporation into Various Polymer Topologies for Removal of Trace Boron Via Direct Sorption and Polymer-Enhanced Ultrafiltration
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Design Criteria for Boron-Chelating Polymers
    • 7.3. Carrier Polymers
    • 7.4. Linear Boron-Chelating Polymers and Their Use in Polymer-Enhanced Ultrafiltration: What is the Idea Behind It?
    • 7.5. Synthesis of Water-Soluble Boron-Binding Functional Polymers
    • 7.6. Boron-Chelating Gel Polymers
    • 7.7. Resin Beads with Boron-Chelating Ligands
    • 7.8. IBP Functional Surface Brushes Tethered to Cross-linked Polymer Microspheres
    • 7.9. Boron Binding Selectivity of IBP and Related Functions: Effect of Foreign Ions
    • 7.10. Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 8. Boron Removal Using Membranes
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Boron Rejection by RO Membranes
    • 8.3. Rejection Mechanism and Membrane Development for Improved Boron Rejection
    • 8.4. RO Systems Configurations for Boron Reduction
    • 8.5. Other Possible RO/UF/MF Techniques for Boron Removal
    • 8.6. Boron Removal by Electrodialysis
    • 8.7. The Cost of Boron Removal
  • Chapter 9. Boron Removal From Seawater Using Reverse Osmosis Integrated Processes
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Boron Chemistry
    • 9.3. Removal of boron from seawater by seawater reverse osmosis process
    • 9.4. Removal of Boron from Seawater by Integrated Processes
    • 9.5. Removal of Boron from Seawater by Ion Exchange
    • 9.6. Removal of Boron from Seawater by Sorption–Membrane Filtration Hybrid Process
    • 9.7. Other Membrane-Based Hybrid Processes for Removal of Boron from RO Permeate
    • 9.8. Other Membrane-Based Separation Methods for Boron Removal
    • 9.9. Cost of Boron Removal for SWRO Desalination
    • 9.10. Comparative Analysis of Processes Used for Boron Removal from Seawater
    • 9.11. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Boron Removal From Water by Sorption–Membrane Filtration Hybrid Process
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Molecule-Enhanced Membrane Separation
    • 10.3. Polymer-Enhanced Ultrafiltration
    • 10.4. Micellar-Enhanced Ultrafiltration and Colloid-Enhanced Ultrafiltration
    • 10.5. Suspension-Enhanced Microfiltration or Ultrafiltration
    • 10.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Boron Removal Using Ion Exchange Membranes
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Boron Species in Aqueous Solution
    • 11.3. Reports on Boric Acid Transport Across Ion Exchange Membranes from Waters with pH <9.0
    • 11.4. Reports on Borate Transport Across Ion Exchange Membranes from Waters with pH >9
    • 11.5. Reports on Borate Transport Across Ion Exchange Membranes by Donnan Dialysis
    • 11.6. Boron Removal by EDI
    • 11.7. The Reported Costs of Boron Removal with Ion Exchange Membranes
    • 11.8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Boron Removal From Geothermal Water Using Membrane Processes
    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Boron in Geothermal Water and its Removal
    • 12.3. Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Basic Principles of Simulating Boron Removal in Reverse Osmosis Processes
    • 13.1. Water Permeation, Solute Transport, and Concentration Polarization
    • 13.2. Spiral Wound Element Simulation
    • 13.3. Model Parameter Estimation
    • 13.4. Pilot- and Full-Scale Simulation
    • 13.5. Summary
  • Chapter 14. Single SWRO Pass Boron Removal at High pH: Prospects and Challenges
    • 14.1. Introduction and Prospects
    • 14.2. Approach Challenges and Potential Solutions
  • Chapter 15. Seawater Reverse Osmosis Permeate: Comparative Evaluation of Boron Removal Technologies
    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Materials and Method
    • 15.3. Case Studies
    • 15.4. AHP and Hasse Diagram Implementation
    • 15.5. Conclusions
    • Abbreviations and Symbols
  • Chapter 16. Hybrid Adsorption–Microfiltration Process with Plug Flow of Microparticulate Adsorbent for Boron Removal
    • 16.1. Introduction
    • 16.2. AMF process
    • 16.3. MF of adsorbent suspensions
    • 16.4. Simulation of Hybrid AMF process
    • 16.5. Comparison of AMF Process with Classical IEX in Columns
    • 16.6. Conclusions
    • 16.7. Nomenclature
  • Chapter 17. Boron Uptake from Aqueous Solution by Chelating Adsorbents: A Statistical Experimental Design Approach
    • 17.1. Introduction
    • 17.2. Materials and Methods
    • 17.3. Results and Discussion
    • 17.4. Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
412
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444634658
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444634542

About the Editor

Nalan Kabay

Nalan Kabay

Professor Nalan Kabay has been working at Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering of Ege University, Turkey since 1994. She graduated from Ege University and received her PhD from Kumamoto University, Japan in 1992. The title of her PhD thesis was on “Uranium Recovery from Seawater using Light Crosslinked High Performance Chelating Resins” and supported by Japanese Government Scholarship (Monbusho). She worked as a post-doc between1998-1999 at National Institute for Research in Inorganic Materials-NIRIM, Japan by a support of Science and Technology Agency of Japan. She visited Chemical Engineering Departments of Loughborough University and Imperial College, London, UK for several times through the grants for Royal Society, EPRS and British Council as visiting scientist between 1996-2008. She was former Vice-Dean of Engineering Faculty of Ege University between 2003-2009, former member of steering committee of Engineering Research Group at Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council (TUBITAK) between 2003-2007. Prof. Kabay has around 100 SCI papers and was acting as guest editor of special issues of 7 SCI journals (Desalination-Special Issue on Boron Removal from seawater/geothermal water and wastewater, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange-special issues for W.Hoell and M.Cox, Reactive and Functional Polymer-special issues for F.Helfferich and Dr.R.Kunin and Environmental Geochemistry and Health-special issue on Safe Water Production), editor of 1 book on “The Global Arsenic Problem: challenges for safe water production”. She wrote 2 book chapters. Last one on Sorption-Membrane Hybrid Processes will be published in Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology. She is member of editorial board for 3 SCI journals (Desalination, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Ion Exchange Letters) and 1 national journal (Ekoloji). Prof. Kabay was involved in 15 international projects; 30 national projects. She gave more than 50 lectures at different institutions and conferences as invited in Japan, Europe, India, Australia, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, S.Africa, Abu-Dhabi and Chile. She supervised 40 graduate students on water/wastewater treatment issue. She has got the following awards: TUBITAK-science promotion award in engineering field (2001), Canon Foundation in Europe Award (2001), SCI-IEX Award (2012).

Affiliations and Expertise

Ege University, Turkey

Marek Bryjak

Marek Bryjak

Professor Marek Bryjak is working at Wroclaw University of Technology since 1982 where he graduated in 1977, received his PhD in 1982 and awarded DSc degree in 2001 for studies on application of polymers to separation processes. He underwent post-doc fellowship at Centre for Surface Science, Lehigh University USA in 1989-1991 and later visited universities in Chile, Czech Rep, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, UK, Ukraine and USA. He was the Head of Department of Speciality Polymers and Department of Polymer and Carbon Materials. He was the President of Membrane Section, Polish Chemical Society and was one of the initiators of the Permea conference - the meeting of academia and industry membranologists’ from Central European and other countries. He is the member of European Center for Innovation and Technology and Center of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology. Professor Bryjak authored and co-authored about 70 scientific papers, 6 chapters and edited two books. He supervised 5 PhD and 75 MSc theses, gave about 60 invited lectures and participated in 12 projects.

His scientific interest is focused on development of methods for formation of polymer membranes or/and their surface modification (preferably by plasma treatment), preparation and evaluation of new separation materials, and implementation of these materials to water technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Wroclaw University of Technonolgy, Poland

Nidal Hilal

Nidal Hilal

Professor Nidal Hilal holds a chair in Water Process Engineering. In addition to three years of industrial experience, he has worked continuously in academia since graduation in 1981. Over the years, he has made a major contribution becoming an internationally leading expert in the application of atomic force microscopy to chemical and process engineering, particularly in water resources development. His research interests lie broadly in the identification of innovative and cost-effective solutions to real world process engineering problems within the fields of nano-water, membrane technology, water treatment including desalination, colloid engineering and the nano-engineering applications of atomic force microscopy. Professor Hilal is internationally recognized as a world-leader in developing and applying the force measurement capability of AFM to the study of membrane separation and engineering processes at the nanoscale level. He was awarded the Kuwait Prize of Applied Science for Water Resources Development in 2005 by the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences (KFAS). This prize is one of the highest scientific honours which are awarded in the Middle East for intellectual achievement. He has recently published a pioneering book on Atomic Force Microscopy and Nano-Process Engineering by Elsevier in 2009 and a book entitled Membrane Modification: Technology and Applications by CRC press in 2012. He has also published 4 textbooks, 27 book chapters and around 300 articles in the refereed scientific literature. Professor Hilal is the Editor-in-Chief for the international journal Desalination and on the editorial boards of a number of international journals, and is a member of the advisory boards of several multinational organizations. He is a registered European Engineer, a Chartered Engineer in the UK and a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers. Professor Hilal has served on and has carried out extensive consultancy for industry, government departments, research councils and universities on an international basis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Centre for Water Advanced Technologies and Environmental Research (CWATER,) Swansea University, UK