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This volume covers the modern developments in boiling heat transfer and two-phase flow, and is intended to provide industrial, government and academic researchers with state-of-the-art research findings in the area of multiphase flow and heat transfer technology. Special attention is given to technology transfer, indicating how recent significant results may be used for practical applications.
The chapters give detailed technical material that will be useful to engineers and scientists who work in the field of multiphase flow and heat transfer.
The authors of all chapters are members of the CMR at Rensselaer, a research centre specializing in the state-of-the-art in multiphase science.
Elements of Two-Phase Flow (O.C. Jones). Flow patterns and regimes. Mixture models. Analytical Modelling of Multiphase Flows (D.A. Drew). Multiphase continuum balance equations. Ensemble averaging. Closure conditions. Some consequences of the formulations. The Prediction of Phase Distribution and Separation Phenomena Using Two-fluid Models (R.T. Lahey, Jr.). Discussions: Phase distribution data; The analysis of phase distribution; The analysis of phase separation phenomena. Phase separation analysis. Comparisons with measurements. Analysis of pressure drop. Wave Propagation Phenomena in Two-Phase Flow (R.T. Lahey, Jr.). Void wave propagation: Linear analysis; Nonlinear analysis. Critical Flow: Basic Considerations and Limitations in the Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (O.C. Jones). Homogeneous equilibrium. Limitations in the homogeneous equilibrium model. Nonequilibrium Phase Change - 1.Flashing Inception, Critical Flow, and Void Development in Ducts (O.C. Jones). Thermofluid dynamics of real fluids in the nucleation zone. Void development downstream of the nucleation zone. Two-Phase Flow Dynamics (M.Z. Podowski). Transient in boiling loops. Examples of two-phase flow transients. Effect of lateral distribution of flow parameters on boiling channel dynamics. Instabilities in Two-Phase Systems (M.Z. Podowski). Instability modes. Linear analysis of two-phase flow instabilities. Nonlinear phenomena. Stability margins. Applications of Fractal and Chaos Theory in the Field of Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer (R.T. Lahey, Jr.). Fractals. Bifurcation theory. Chaos theory. The analysis of chaos in single-phase natural convection loops. Applications of chaos theory - The analysis of nonlinear density-wave instabilities in boiling channels. Elements of Boiling Heat Transfer (A.E. Bergles). Pool boiling. Flow inside tubes. Two-phase flow and heat transfer under micro-gravity conditions. Nonequilibrium Phase Change - 2. Relaxation Models, General Applications, and Post-dryout Heat Transfer (O.C. Jones). General nonequilibrium relaxation theory. Application to post-dryout heat transfer. Shellside Boiling and Two-Phase Flow (M.K. Jensen). Flow patterns. Pressure drop. Heat transfer coefficients. Critical heat flux condition. Simulation of crossflow boiling. Tube bundles with enhanced tubes. The Effect of Fouling on Boiling Heat Transfer (E.F.C. Somerscales). Fundamental processes of fouling. Empirical fouling models. Design of heat transfer equipment subject to fouling. Fouling and boiling. Intermolecular and Surface Forces with Applications in Change-of-Phase Heat Transfer (P.C. Wayner, Jr.). Theoretical background. Applications. The Van Der Waal's dispersion force. Nomenclature. Literature cited.
- © Elsevier Science 1992
- 8th October 1992
- Elsevier Science
- eBook ISBN:
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA