Birds

Birds

Brain and Behavior

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editors: Irving J. Goodman, Martin W. Schein
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273952

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Description

Birds: Brain and Behavior is a collection of papers that discusses brain-behaviors problems concentrating on the bird's complex and well-integrated central nervous system. This collection reviews the theoretical and methodological problems concerning comparative studies of bird behavior in a brain-behavior relationship. The book explains the structural organization of the avian brain including the spinal cord and the general ascending/descending patterns of sensory projections. One paper analyzes the hearing and vocalization in songbirds that are composed of the auditory mechanisms, as well as the vocalization and audition systems. A study by Falls (1963) notes that songbirds use more than one type of auditory cue for species recognition. Another paper present brain stimulation parameters that affect bird vocalization. Other papers examine the neural basis of avian discrimination and reversal learning, memory disruptions by brain perturbation, and the behavioral and physiological correlations between the sleep and awake states. This book will prove useful for avian biologists, zoologists, and readers who have a general interest in birds.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Figure Credits

    1 Theoretical And Methodological Issues

    The Comparative Study of Behavior

    I. One Bird

    II. Two Birds

    III. Many Birds

    IV. Birds and Nonbirds

    References

    The Comparative Study of Brain-Behavior Relationships

    I. Why Comparative Studies?

    II. Which Animals Shall We Compare?

    III. What Shall We Compare?

    References

    2 Organization of Neural Systems

    The Structural Organization of Avian Brain: An Overview

    I. Introduction

    II. General Structural Features

    III. Spinal Cord

    IV. General Ascending Pattern

    V. General Descending Pattern

    VI. Telencephalic Organization

    VII. Concluding Statement

    References

    3 Neurobehavioral Findings

    Hearing and Vocalization in Songbirds

    I. Auditory Mechanisms

    II. Vocalization and Audition

    References

    Brain Stimulation Parameters Affecting Vocalization in Birds

    I. Anatomical Considerations

    II. Methodological Considerations

    References

    Feeding Behavior in the Pigeon: A Neurobehavioral Analysis

    I. Normative Studies of Feeding Behavior in the Pigeon

    II. A Feeding Behavior "System" in the Pigeon

    III. Feeding Behavior Mechanisms in the Pigeon: Neurobehavioral Mechanisms

    IV. Conclusion: Implications for the Study of Feeding Behavior References

    The Study of Sleep in Birds

    I. Behavioral and Physiological Correlates of Sleep and Waking

    II. Experimental Manipulation of Sleep

    References

    Behavioral Adaptation on Opérant Schedules after Forebrain Lesions in the Pigeon

    I. Hyperstriatal and Neostriatal Lesions

    II. Archistriatal Lesions

    III. Paleostriatal Lesions

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    The Neural Basis of Avian Discrimination and Reversal Learning

    I. Introduction

    II. Discrimination Procedures

    III. Neurobehavioral Studies

    References

    Brain Perturbation and Memory Disruption: A Comparison between Classes

    I. Findings in Mammals

    II. Findings in Birds

    III. Summary

    References

    The Neural Substrate of Emotional Behavior in Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods

    III. Results and Discussion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273952

About the Editors

Irving J. Goodman

Martin W. Schein

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