Description

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding includes critical discussions of the newest and most important applications of biotechnology in plant breeding, covering key topics such as biometry applied to molecular analysis of genetic diversity, genetically modified plants, and more. This work goes beyond recombinant DNA technology to bring together key information and references on new biotech tools for cultivar development, such as double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide selection, among others.

It is increasingly challenging for plant breeders and agricultural systems to supply enough food, feed, fiber and biofuel for the global population. As plant breeding evolves and becomes increasingly sophisticated, a staggering volume of genetic data is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding helps researchers and students become familiar with how the vast amounts of genetic data are generated, stored, analyzed and applied.

This practical resource integrates information about plant breeding into the context of modern science, and assists with training for plant breeders including those scientists who have a good understanding of molecular biology/biotechnology and need to learn the art and practice of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, students, and any researcher interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding will find this work an essential tool and reference for the field.

Key Features

  • Presents in-depth but easy-to-understand coverage of topics, so plant breeders can readily comprehend them and apply them to their breeding programs
  • Includes chapters that address the already developed and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar development, with real-world application for users
  • Features contributions by authors with several years of experience in their areas of expertise

Readership

Scientists, academics and students in plant biology and agronomy, researchers interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding, plant breeding technicians and seed technologists

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

1: Plant Breeding and Biotechnological Advances

Introduction

Evolution of Genetics and Plant Breeding

The Impacts of Advances During the Twentieth Century

Advances and Expected Benefits of Biotechnology

Improvement of Tools in the Third Millennium

Combined Classic Breeding and Biotechnology

Perspectives

2: Molecular Markers

Introduction

PCR-Based Markers

Hybridization-Based Markers

Markers Based on Sequencing

Choice of Molecular Marker

3: Biometrics Applied to Molecular Analysis in Genetic Diversity

Introduction

Genetic Diversity Between Accesses or Within Populations

Diversity and Population Structure

Statistic Tests of the Variance Components and Statistics Φ

4: Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)

Introduction

QTL Analysis and Genomic Selection: Concepts

Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)

Genome-Wide Mapping via Single Marker Regression

Statistical Power and Significance of Association for QTL Detection

Genome-Wide Mapping with Haplotype Mixed Models

GWAS in Humans

Capturing h2 in Humans with Imperfect LD Between SNPs and Causal Variants

5: Genome-Wide Selection (GWS)

Introduction

Genome-Wide Selection (GWS)

Accuracy of GWS

Estimation, Validation, and Selection Populations

Relationship Between Genetic Variance and Marker Variance

Increase in the Efficiency of Selection for Plant Breeding

6: Genes Prospection

Introduction

Principles of Genetic Mapping

Isolation of Genes by Using Techniques for Structural Genome

Relationship Between Genetic and Physical Maps

Physical Mapping and Isolation of Loci of Interest

The Isolation of Genes From the Functional Genome

Choosing a Tech

Details

No. of pages:
270
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780124186729
Electronic ISBN:
9780124172920