Description

Medical tribology can be defined as the science of tribological phenomena in the human body, both those that naturally occur in the tissues or organs and those that arise after implantation of an artificial device, while biomaterials are inert substances designed to be incorporated into living systems. Biomaterials and medical tribology brings together a collection of high quality articles and case studies focussing on new research and developments in these two important fields.

The book provides details of the different types of biomaterial available and their applications, including nanoparticles for biomedical applications, synergism effects during fiction and fretting corrosion experiments, application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints, fatigue strengthening of an orthopaedic Ti6AI4V alloy, wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthoplasty, natural articular joints, the importance of bearing porosity in engineering and natural lubrication, tribological characterization of human tooth enamel, and finally, liposome-based carrier systems and devices used for pulmonary drug delivery.

Biomaterials and medical tribology is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area.

Readership

Academics, biomechanical researchers, physicists, biologists, other professionals in related engineering, medicine and biomedical industries; Undergraduate students in engineering courses

Table of Contents

About the contributors

Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

Preface

Chapter 1: Nanoparticles for biomedical applications: current status, trends and future challenges

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Nanoparticles of interest

1.3 Toxicology

1.4 Conclusion

Chapter 2: Synergism effects during friction and fretting corrosion experiments – focusing on biomaterials used as orthopedic implants

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Wear corrosion and fretting corrosion: theoretical background

2.3 Synergism between mechanical and corrosive degradation

2.4 Fretting corrosion: synergism

2.5 Wear corrosion: synergism

2.6 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 3: Application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction to biomedical-grade titanium alloys

3.2 Application of titanium alloys in trabecular bone

3.3 Application of titanium alloys in artificial joints

3.4 Conclusions

3.5 Acknowledgements

Chapter 4: Fatigue strengthening of an orthopedic Ti6Al4V alloy: what is the potential of a final shot peening process?

Abstract:

4.1 Titanium and its alloys

4.2 Fatigue failure after orthopedic surgical intervention

4.3 Mechanical surface treatments

4.4 Materials and methods

4.5 Results and discussion

4.6 Conclusion

Chapter 5: Wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty: an example of extreme wear

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Case

5.3 Wear measurement

5.4 Results

5.5 Discussion

5.6 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Natural articular joints: model of lamellar-roller-bearing lubrication and the nature of the cartilage surface

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Experimental

Details

No. of pages:
152
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9780857090171
Electronic ISBN:
9780857092205

About the editor

J Paulo Davim

Joao Paulo Davim received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Porto in 1997 and the Aggregation from the University of Coimbra in 2005. Currently, he is Aggregate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Aveiro and Head of MACTRIB - Machining and Tribology Research Group. He has more than 24 years of teaching and research experience in machining, tribology and manufacturing processes. He is the Editor of four international journals, and also guest editor, editorial board member, reviewer and scientific advisor for many international journals and conferences. He has also published more than 300 articles in SCI journals (h-index 15) and conferences.

Reviews

This book is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area., AZoM