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Interest in the use of biomass for non-food applications has grown strongly in recent years, mainly as a consequence of its potential as a prime renewable energy resource. Renewable energies rank highly among the options that will contribute to the prevention of climate change and to security of energy supply in the future. Furthermore, exploiting biomass is very attractive as a way of dealing with two sensitive issues facing the majority of western European countries today; the extent of unemployment and the setting aside of farm lands to limit excess agricultural production.
The 8th European Conference for Energy, Environment, Agriculture and Industry, held in Vienna, October 1994 was larger that any of its predecessors, with over 300 refereed contributions from 20 countries worldwide and over 520 participants. It was arguably the most significant event to date in this field, providing the opportunity for an international exchange of information on the recent progress in developing and implementing renewable biomass based non-food technologies.
Published in 3 volumes, the proceedings of this conference therefore contain the most complete overview of the present state-of-the-art. Subjects covered include: biomass resource base, electricity and heat generation, transportation fuels, chemicals from biomass, products from bio- and thermochemical conversion technologies, economics, environmental aspects and opportunities for implementation worldwide, in particular in developing countries.
Apart from the numerous contributions on the most recent results in research, development and implementation, the publication also contains authoritative reviews on most of the above-mentioned areas from leading experts in each field. In addition to this, it contains a list of key issues for developing a successful strategy leading to a rapid implementation in Europe and abroad. As a result it is indispensable for anyone working in this area, whether in research, demonstration or in policy development.
For renewable energy and resource researchers, biotechnologists, agroindustrialists, chemical engineers, policy developers.
Chapter headings and selected papers: Plenary Session. Towards a strategy for development and propagation of Bio-Energy in the single European Market (H. Scheer). Environmental issues and biomass (G. Gosse). Biomass in North American policies (D. Klass). Overview from Session Organizers. Biotechnical research about conversion to fuels, chemicals and fibers (H. Naveau). Economics, environment and development (G. Smakman).
Resource Base. Energy cropping, assessment of potential and good management practices (C. Ahl). The energy budgets of energy crops (C. Foster). Machinery options for harvesting, extracting and comminuting fuelwood from short rotation forestry (M.P. Watters). Electricity & Heat. EU clean coal technology 1993/94 program - technical overview of the project combined combustion of coal and biomass (K.R.G. Hein). Installation of a biomass boiler room using wood waste as fuel (J.F. Bontoux). A decision support system that evaluates integrated biomass to electricity systems (A.J. Toff). Reburning with natural gas applied to wood firing systems (R. Bilbao). Transportation Fuels. Market introduction of biodiesel in Austria - overview (M. Woergetter). Catalogue of biofuels utilization experiences in Europe (F. Ghigny). The production of rape oil ethyl esters from extracted vegetable oils by ethanol (P. Erdmann). The kinetics of vegetable oil transesterification revisited: a method for increasing methanolysis rates (D.G.B. Boocock). Biotechnology. Bioaerosols in windrow composting of source separated Biowastes (K. Hanninen). Fertilizing advantages of anaerobically treated slurry (H. Ortenblad). Chemicals and Products - Biotechnology. Direct utilization of the potato-starch processing wastes by fungal fermentation (A. Kharazipour). Anaerobic digestion of food processing waste water in a fixed bed digester using a clay support (S. Gourari). Energy and valuable organic components from biomass: case study of barley straw (L. Saunier). Chemicals and liquid fuels from biomass (the acetone-butanol fermentation) (R. Gapes). Thermochemistry. Comparison of two new waste gasification facilities with a modern waste incineration plant (R. Venendaal). Feasibility of electricity production from biomass based on gasification (R. Solantausta). Chemicals and Products - Thermochemistry. Bark utilization for energy purposes (T. Stevanovic). Mathematical modelling of surface combusting straw bales (N. Bech). Bio-oil and bio-oil/ethanol mixtures combustion tests (P. Barbucci). Steam generation by combustion of processed waste fats of biological origin (F. Pudel). Economics, Environment and Development. External costs of biomass fuel cycle (N. Da Silva). A comparison of biofuels with other renewable energy opportunities (R.E.H. Sims). Comparison of greenhouse impacts of the use of wood and peat for energy (K. Hillebrand). Where do industrialised countries draw their energy from? Biomass consumption and the principle of renewable resources revisited (H. Haberl). Wood as a potential energy source in Europe (D. Asplund).
- No. of pages:
- © Pergamon 1995
- 25th August 1995
- eBook ISBN:
Ademe, Paris, France
University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
@from:S.S. Penner, University of California San Diego @qu:The papers are generally concise, well written and represent accounts at the leading edge of research, development, pilot-scale testing, early market entry, and successful large-scale commercialization...the three volumes represent an essential, up-to-date summary of the status and promise of biomass use for any active researcher or policy maker involved in energy and related issues. @source:Energy @from:S.S. Penner @qu:The papers are generally concise, well written and represent accounts at the leading edge of research, development, pilot-scale testing, early market entry, and successful large-scale commercialization...the three volumes represent an essential, up-to-date summary of the status and promise of biomass use for any active researcher or policy maker involved in energy and related issues. @source:Energy