Biology of Termites

Biology of Termites

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: Kumar Krishna
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144582

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Biology of Termites, Volume I presents the anatomical, physiological, biochemical, and behavioral laboratory and field studies of termite species. Although termites have been associated mainly with damage, only less than 10% of the species have actually been recorded as pests, obscuring their important ecological role in the breakdown of vegetative matter and their variety and complexity of structure, physiology, social behavior, caste differentiation and regulation, and other aspects of their biology. After briefly describing the social organization, classification, and research history of termites, the book discusses the external morphology of these species and the similarities and differences between the various groups and the different castes. The subsequent chapters cover the internal anatomy of termites, including their digestive physiology, exocrine and endocrine glands, reproductive and nervous systems, and sense organs. Other chapters deal with the social behavior and communication in the termites and the termite colonizing flights and associated activities. The book also examines caste differentiation in the three lower termite families, namely, Hodotermitidae, Kalotermitidae, and Rhinotermitidae. This volume includes discussions on the rearing, feeding, and biochemistry of termites; the radioisotopes for feeding studies; and the moisture requirements for termite survival. The concluding chapters deal with the introduction or interception of termites by humans and their association with fungi, as well as the relationships of termite hosts with termitophiles. Termite biologists, zoologists, botanists, ecologists, behaviorists, biochemists, endocrinologists, and economic entomologists will find this volume invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1 Introduction

    I. What are Termites? Their Social Organization

    II. Classification

    III. Recent History of Termite Research


    Chapter 2 External Anatomy

    I. Introduction

    II. The Head

    III. The Thorax

    IV. The Abdomen

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 3 The Digestive System

    I. Introduction

    II. Nutritive Regime

    III. General Structure of the Digestive Tube (Workers)

    IV. Comparative Anatomy

    V. Physiology

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 4 Glands and Secretions

    I. Introduction

    II. Exocrine Glands

    III. Endocrine Glands


    Chapter 5 The Reproductive System

    I. Introduction

    II. The Primary Female

    III. The Primary Male

    IV. Neotenics and Neuters

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 6 Nervous System and Sense Organs

    I. Central Nervous System

    II. Sensory Organs


    Chapter 7 Social Behavior and Communication

    I. Introduction

    II. Sexual Behavior

    III. Feeding Behavior and Foraging

    IV. Nest Building and Construction Behavior

    V. Colony Odor, Alarm, and Defense

    VI. Regulatory Behavior

    VII. Conclusion


    Chapter 8 Flight and Colony Foundation

    I. Introduction

    II. Preflight Activities of the Colony

    III. Flight

    IV. Postflight Behavior

    V. Foundation and Development of the Colony

    VI. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 9 Caste Differentiation in the Lower Termites

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition of Terms

    III. The Hodotermitidae

    IV. The Kalotermitidae

    V. The Rhinotermitidae

    VI. Discussion and Summary


    Chapter 10 Formation of Castes in the Higher Termites

    I. Introduction

    II. General Characteristics of the Castes and their Differentiation

    III. Comparative Studies of Polymorphism in the Termitidae

    IV. Variations of Polymorphism with Time

    V. Determination of Polymorphism

    VI. Conclusions


    Chapter 11 Rearing of Termites and Testing Methods Used in the Laboratory

    I. General Preconditions for Rearing, Breeding, and Testing

    II. Rearing and Breeding

    III. Testing


    Chapter 12 Feeding Relationships and Radioisotope Techniques

    I. Introduction

    II. Radioisotope Studies of Food Exchange

    III. Conclusion


    Chapter 13 Biochemical Studies in Termites

    I. Introduction

    II. Food and Digestion

    III. Hemolymph Components

    IV. Lipids

    V. Defensive Secretions

    VI. Pheromones and Attractants


    Chapter 14 Water Relations in Termites

    I. Introduction

    II. Survival Comparisons

    III. Factors Influencing Survival Time during Experimental Drying

    IV. Cultural Requirements in the Laboratory

    V. Phyletic Considerations


    Chapter 15 Species Introduced by Man

    I. Introduction

    II. Individual Histories of Introduction or Interception

    III. General Conclusions from the Study of Introductions


    Chapter 16 The Association of Termites and Fungi

    I. Introduction

    II. Fungi in Relation to Nutrition of Termites

    III. Fungi Saprophytic in Termite Nest Structures

    IV. Fungi Parasitic on or Pathogenic to Termites

    V. Termites as Carriers of Fungi

    VI. Use of Termite Fungi by Man


    Chapter 17 The Biology of Termitophiles

    I. Termitophiles in General

    II. Collecting Termitophiles

    III. The Evolution of Selected Termitophiles

    IV. Termite-Termitophile Integrating Mechanisms

    V. Concluding Remarks


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 612
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144582

About the Editor

Kumar Krishna

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Head Pediatric Cardiology Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Cochin, Kerala, India

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