Biology of Radioiodine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483228907, 9781483282763

Biology of Radioiodine

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Hanford Symposium on the Biology of Radioiodine

Editors: L. K. Bustad
eBook ISBN: 9781483282763
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 354
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Description

Biology of Radioiodine presents the proceedings of the Hanford Symposium on the Biology of Radioiodine by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the Hanford Laboratories of the General Electric Company, held in Richland, Washington, on July 17–19, 1963. This book discusses the biochemistry and physiology of radioiodine. Organized into 53 chapters, this compilation of papers begins with an overview of the comprehensive research program on radioiodine. This text then examines the risk in the occupations involving exposure to radiation. Other chapters consider the properties of different radioiodines, including fission yield, half-life, radiations, and precursors in the fission product decay series. This book discusses as well the empirical relationships relating the transfer of radioiodine from air to grass. The final chapter deals with biomedical considerations when large quantities of radioiodine are released in the environment. This book is a valuable resource for biologists, physiologists, biochemists, and scientists.

Table of Contents


Introduction

Statement of Problem

Banquet Address—What Is a Permissible Dose?

Physical Origin and Dispersion of Radioiodine

Physical Origin and Dispersion of Radioiodine

Radioiodine Release Incident at the Savannah River Plant

Chemical and Physical Nature of Fallout I131 and Carrier-Free I131 Released in Air: An Abstract

Physical and Chemical Form of I131 in Fallout

Meteorological Processes in the Transport of Weapon Radioiodine

Biological Disposition of Radioiodine

Entry of I131 into Biological Systems and Man"s Food

Biological Disposition of Radioiodine

Loss of I131 from Fallout-Contaminated Vegetation

Deposition of Iodine onto Plant Leaves from Air

Foliar Sorption of I131 by Plants

The Relationship Between I131 Concentrations in Various Environmental Samples

Vegetation Retention and Vegetation-Milk Ratios of Fallout I131

Patterns of I131 Levels in Pasteurized Milk Network

Cooperative Field Studies on Environmental Factors Influencing I131 Levels in Milk

Comparative Uptake of Iodine Isotopes via Several Routes of Entry in Different Species of Animals and Man

Factors Influencing the Thyroid Uptake of Iodine Isotopes from Nuclear Fission

Uptake of I131 by Fresh-Water Organisms: An Abstract

Iodine Uptake from a Single Inhaled Exposure: An Abstract

Thyroid Uptake of Radioiodine Following Various Routes of Administration

Comparison of Ingestion to Inhalation Dose to Man from I131

Metabolism of Te132—I132 in Lactating Sheep

Radioiodine Uptake in Native Animals at the NRTS and Environs

I131 in Milk and Thyroid of Dairy Cattle Following a Single Contamination Event and Prolonged Daily Administration

Thyroidal Radioiodine Concentrations in North American Deer Following 1961-1963 Nuclear Weapons Tests

Quantitative Relationships between Fallout Radioiodine on Native Vegetation and in the Thyroids of Herbivores

Relation of Milk Secretion to Iodine in Milk: An Abstract

Thyroidal Deposition in Man, Rat and Dog of Radioiodine from Milk and Non-Milk Sources

Differential Accumulation of I131 from Local Fallout in People and Milk

Radioiodine Concentration in Fetal Human Thyroid Gland from Fallout

Uptake and Transfer of Fallout I131 in Pregnant Women

Fallout I131 in Children—In Vivo Measurements

Environmental I131 in Children and Adults—A Report on Recent Post Mortem and Whole Body Counter Measurements: An Abstract

Estimation of the Distribution of Thyroid Doses in a Population Exposed to I131 from Weapons Tests

I131 Dose to Human Thyroids in New York City from Nuclear Tests in 1962

Weights of Human Thyroids in New York City

Variability of the I131 Concentrations in the Milk Distribution System of a Large City

Human Thyroid Uptake and Bodily Elimination of I131 for the Case of Single and Continual Ingestion of Bound Iodine in Resin-Treated Milk

Thyroid Metabolism in Children and Adults Using Very Small (Nanocurie) Doses of I125 and I131

Biological Effects of Radioiodine

Comparative Early and Late Effects of Single and Prolonged Exposure in Young and Adults of Various Animal Species

Comparative Early and Late Effects of Single and Prolonged Exposure to Radioiodine in Young and Adults of Various Animal Species

Radiopathology and Dosimetry in the Thyroid Region of Goitrous Killifish Fed I131 under Euryhaline Conditions: An Abstract

Effect of I131 on Reproductive Performance in Ewes

Problems of Estimating the Hazard of Radioiodine Following a Nuclear Attack

Comparative Effects of Radioiodine and X-Irradiation of the Thyroid

Effects, Including Carcinogenesis, of I131 and X-Rays on the Thyroid of Experimental Animals

Comparative Effects of I131 and X-Irradiation on Sheep Thyroids

Induction of Neoplasms in Thyroid Glands of Rats by Subtotal Thyroidectomy and by Injection of One Microcurie of I131: An Abstract

Carcinogenic Effects of I131 Compared With X-Irradiation

Garcinogenic Effects of I131 Compared With X-Irradiation

The Relationship Between Radiation Dose Delivered to the Thyroids of Children and the Subsequent Development of Malignant Tumours

Prophylactic and Therapeutic Measures

Prophylactic and Therapeutic Measures for Radioiodine Contamination

Effect of I127 on Thyroid Uptake of Inhaled I131

Experimental Studies on the Elimination of Radioiodine from the Body

Effect of Varying Stable Iodine in Diets of Cows Fed I131 on Uptake of I131 in Man Drinking the Milk: An Abstract

Conclusion and Acknowledgments

Special Editorial

Biomedical Considerations in Accidental Releases of Radioiodine




Details

No. of pages:
354
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483282763

About the Editor

L. K. Bustad