Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds

Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds

Volume II

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Editor: A. J. Marshall
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263977

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Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds, Volume II focuses on the physiology, sexual characteristics, sensory organs, nervous system, and reproduction of birds. The selection first offers information on the central nervous system and sensory organ of birds, as well as cerebralization and related problems, brain, spinal cord, skin, taste, and olfaction. The book then ponders on equilibration, vision, and hearing of birds. Topics include regulation of somatic musculature, sensory structures and their nerves, retina, color vision, and structure of the ear. The publication examines endocrine glands, thymus, and pineal body and sex and secondary sexual characters, including genetic sex and sex differentiation, adrenal and parathyroid glands, and pituitary or hypophysis. The text also takes a look at energy metabolism, thermoregulation, body temperature, reproduction, breeding seasons and migration, and flight of birds. The selection is a vital source of information for readers interested in the physiology of birds.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Contributors to Volume II

    Contents of Volume I

    Chapter XIII. The Central Nervous System

    I. The Brain

    II. Spinal Cord

    III. The Autonomie Nervous System

    IV. Cerebralization and Related Problems


    Chapter XIV. Part I. Sensory Organs : Skin, Taste, and Olfaction

    I. Skin

    II. Taste

    III. Olfaction


    Chapter XIV. Part II. Sensory Organs : Equilibration

    I. General Structure

    II. Sensory Structures and Their Nerves

    III. Regulation of Somatic Musculature


    Chapter XV. Part I. Sensory Organs: Vision

    I. Introduction

    II. The Retina

    III. Color Vision

    IV. Nocturnality

    V. Accommodation

    VI. Size


    Chapter XV. Part II. Sensory Organs: Hearing

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Ear

    III. The Performance of the Bird's Ear

    IV. Conclusion


    Chapter XVI. Endocrine Glands, Thymus, and Pineal Body

    I. Introduction

    II. The Pituitary or Hypophysis

    III. The Thyroid

    IV. The Adrenal Glands

    V. The Parathyroid Glands

    VI. The Thymus and Pineal


    Chapter XVII. Sex and Secondary Sexual Characters

    I. Genetic Sex and Sex Differentiation

    II. Secondary Sex Characters


    Chapter XVIII. Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. The Anterior Pituitary

    III. The Testis

    IV. The Ovary

    V. Accessory Sexual Organs


    Chapter XIX. Energy Metabolism, Thermoregulation, and Body Temperature

    I. Introduction

    II. Energy Categories and Calorimetry

    III. Standard Metabolic Rate and Body Weight

    IV. Energy Metabolism and Ambient Temperature

    V. Diurnal Variation in Energy Metabolism

    VI. Energy Metabolism and Molt

    VII. Thermoregulation

    VIII. Body Temperature

    IX. Temporary Hypothermia


    Chapter XX. Flight

    I. Aerodynamics of Flight

    II. Gliding Flight

    III. Flapping Flight

    IV. Wing Shape

    V. Stability and Control

    VI. Theoretical Work


    Chapter XXI. Breeding Seasons and Migration

    I. Introduction

    II. Internal Regulation of Breeding

    III. External Regulation of Breeding

    IV. Discussion


    Chapter XXII. Long-Distance Orientation

    I. Introduction

    II. Field Experiments Not Directly Concerning the Mechanism of Orientation

    III. An Established Mechanism of Diurnal Direction Finding: Sun Orientation

    IV. Homing Orientation

    V. Nocturnal Orientation

    VI. Facts of Visible Migration versus Experimental Evidence

    VII. Birds and Bees


    Chapter XXIII. Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. The Analysis of Bird Behavior

    III. Bird Behavior Illustrated by Functional Groups of Activities


    Chapter XXIV. Bird Populations

    I. Introduction

    II. The Measurement of Bird Populations

    III. Longevity, Mortality, and Sex Ratio

    IV. Rates of Reproduction and Juvenile Mortality

    V. Changes in Bird Populations

    VI. The Natural Regulation of Bird Populations

    VII. The Territorial Behavior of Birds as a Possible Regulating Mechanism


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 530
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263977

About the Editor

A. J. Marshall

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