Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds

Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds

Volume I

1st Edition - January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: A. J. Marshall
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263793

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Biology and Comparative Physiology of Birds, Volume I focuses on the physiology, classification, characteristics, and geographical distribution, as well as the digestive, blood, and nervous systems, of birds. The selection first offers information on the origin of birds and adaptive radiation in birds. Discussions focus on relative resemblances of archaeopteryx to reptiles and birds, development of homoiothermy, locomotor and feeding adaptations, and adaptive radiation within families of birds. The book also examines the classification of birds and geographical distribution of living birds. The publication takes a look at the development of birds and integumentary system. Concerns include body shape, blood, urogenital, and nervous systems, muscles and limbs, endocrine organs, feathers, and development of patterns of melanin pigmentation. The book also ponders on skeleton, digestive system, and muscle structure of birds. The selection is a vital source of information for readers interested in the physiology of birds.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Contributors to Volume I


    Contents of Volume II

    Chapter I. The Origin of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. The Osteology of Archaeopteryx

    III. The Relative Resemblances of Archaeopteryx to Reptiles and Birds

    IV. Affinities with the Thecodontia

    V. Arboreal Adaptations

    VI. The Development of Homoiothermy

    VII. The Third Archaeopteryx


    Chapter II. Adaptive Radiation in Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Problems in Size. The Surface: Volume Ratio

    III. Locomotor Adaptations

    IV. Feeding Adaptations

    V. Adaptive Radiation within Families of Birds

    VI. The History of Adaptive Radiation


    Chapter III. The Classification of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Evolution and Taxonomy

    III. Practical Systematics

    IV. Problems in Avian Classification

    V. A Classification of Birds


    Chapter IV. Geographical Distribution of Living Birds

    I. Historical Introduction

    II. The Nature and Delimitation of Regions

    III. Natural Regions and Historicofaunal Studies

    IV. The Natural Regions


    Chapter V. Development of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. The Egg

    III. The Beginning of Development

    IV. Gastrulation

    V. The Coordination of Development

    VI. The Laying Down of the Organs

    VII. Body Shape

    VIII. The Food Supply of the Embryo

    IX. The Extraembryonic Membranes

    X. The Blood System

    XI. The Gut and the Respiratory Tract

    XII. The Coelom

    XIIL The Urogenital System

    XIV. The Adrenals

    XV, The Nervous System

    XVI. The Organs of Special Sense

    XVII. The Muscles and Limbs

    XVIII. The Feathers

    XIX. Hatching


    Chapter VI. The Integumentary System

    I. The Skin

    II. Derivatives of the Skin

    III. Integumentary Pigmentation

    IV. The Development of Patterns of Melanin Pigmentation


    Chapter VII. The Skeleton of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Evolution

    III. The Vertebrae and Ribs

    IV. The Shoulder Girdle

    V. The Wings

    VI. Wing Movements

    VII. The Pelvic Girdle and Hind Limb

    VIII. The Skull

    IX. The Intrinsic Skeleton of the Eye

    X. Pneumatization

    XI. Ossification and Growth

    XII. Anomalies


    Chapter VIII. The Musculature

    I. Introduction

    II. Striated (Skeletal or Voluntary) Muscles

    III. Actions of Muscles

    IV. Muscles Used in the Classification of Birds

    V. Descriptions of Muscles of the Pectoral Appendage

    VI. Descriptions of Muscles of the Pelvic Appendage


    Chapter IX. The Blood-Vascular System

    I. General

    II. The Heart

    III. The Arterial System

    IV. The Venous System

    V. The Blood

    VI. The Lymphatic System


    Chapter X. The Respiratory System

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy

    III. Ventilation of the Respiratory Tract While Standing

    IV. The Regulation of Respiratory Movements

    V. Heat Regulation by the Respiratory System

    VI. Respiration during Specialized Activities


    Chapter XI. Digestion and the Digestive System

    I. Introduction

    II. The Buccal Cavity, Buccal Glands, and Pharynx

    III . The Esophagus and Crop

    IV. The Gastric Apparatus

    V. The Intestine

    VI. The Liver

    VII. The Pancreas


    Chapter XII. Excretion

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy of the Avian Kidney

    III. Physiology of the Avian Kidney

    IV. Non-renal Excretion


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 478
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263793

About the Editor

A. J. Marshall

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