Biological Properties

Biological Properties

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: Walter Lovenberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152044

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Biological Properties is a collection of papers that deals with the biological properties of iron-sulfur proteins. One paper reviews the role of electron paramagnetic resonance in forwarding knowledge about iron-sulfur proteins. Iron-sulfur proteins are iron proteins where sulfur is a ligand of the iron, of which the iron is not simultaneously held by a stronger ligand such as porphyrin. Another paper discusses the role of bacterial ferredoxins in coupled oxidation-reduction reactions, the role of hydrogenase in oxidation-reduction, as well as the bacterial iron-sulfur proteins, such as azoferredoxin and molybdoferredoxin. Abiological models of nitrogenase involve molybdenum and iron with sulfur ligands; these abiological systems can be the first models that show the biological activity of iron-sulfur enzymes which these systems try to copy. One paper investigates the role of iron-sulfur proteins in photosynthesis, particularly the photoreduction of ferrodoxin, the mechanism of NADPH formation, and the possible role of ferrodoxin in cyclic photophosphorylation. This collection is suitable for bio-chemists, cellular biologists, micro-biologists, and scientists involved in research in the biological disciplines.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Contents of Volume II

    1. Development of the Field and Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence of Iron in Living Matter

    III. Development of the Field of Iron-Sulfur Proteins

    IV. Function of Iron-Sulfur Proteins

    V. Nomenclature


    2. Bacterial Ferredoxins and/or Iron-Sulfur Proteins as Electron Carriers

    I. Introduction

    II. Demonstration of Ferredoxin-Requiring Reactions

    III. Purification of Ferredoxin

    IV. Reactions That Require Ferredoxin

    V. Number of Electrons Carried by Ferredoxins

    VI. High Molecular Weight Iron-Sulfur Proteins Involved in Electron Transport

    VII. Hydrogenase

    VIII. Nitrogenase: A Complex of Two Iron-Sulfur Proteins


    3. Comparative Biochemistry of Iron-Sulfur Proteins and Dinitrogen Fixation

    I. Relationship of Iron-Sulfur Proteins and Dinitrogen Fixation

    II. Definition of Nitrogenase

    III. Iron-Sulfur Proteins as Reductants for Nitrogenase

    IV. Extraction, Fractionation, and Purification of Nitrogenase

    V. Characteristics of Nitrogenase and Its Components

    VI. Metals and Biological Dinitrogen Fixation

    VII. Abiological Dinitrogen Fixation by Iron and Sulfur


    4. Iron-Sulfur Proteins in Photosynthesis

    I. Ferredoxin Reduction

    II. Ferredoxin Catalytic Activity

    III. Photosynthetic and Oxidative Energy Transduction


    5. Ferredoxin and Carbon Assimilation

    I. Introduction

    II. Reductive Carboxylic Acid Cycle of Bacterial Photosynthesis

    III. Reductive Monocarboxylic Acid Cycle of Fermentative Metabolism

    IV. Enzymes Catalyzing Ferredoxin-Dependent Carboxylation Reactions

    V. Concluding Remarks


    6. Structure and Reactions of a Microbial Monoxygenase: The Role of Putidaredoxin

    I. Introduction

    II. Putidaredoxin—Structural Properties

    III. Putidaredoxin—Cytochrome P-450cam Interactions

    IV. Progress and Problems


    7. Role of Rubredoxin in Fatty Acid and Hydrocarbon Hydroxylation Reactions

    I. Biological Utilization of Hydrocarbons

    II. Rubredoxin and Other Components of a Bacterial Enzyme System Catalyzing Hydrocarbon and Fatty Acid Hydroxylation

    III. Characterization of Rubredoxin from P. Oleovorans

    IV. Activity of Iron-Sulfur Proteins as Electron Carriers in ω-Hydroxylation

    V. Activity of P. Oleovorans Rubredoxin in Reduction of Alkyl Hydroperoxides

    VI. Summary


    8. Adrenodoxin: An Iron-Sulfur Protein of Adrenal Cortex Mitochondria

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Properties of Adrenodoxin

    III. The Biological Function of Adrenodoxin

    IV. Conclusion


    9. Iron-Sulfur Flavoprotein Dehydrogenases

    I. Introduction

    II. Succinate Dehydrogenase

    III. Mammalian NADH Dehydrogenase

    IV. Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase


    10. Iron-Sulfur Flavoprotein Hydroxylases

    I. General Introduction

    II. Xanthine Oxidase

    III. Aldehyde Oxidase


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 402
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152044

About the Editor

Walter Lovenberg

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